2014版英语复习方略课件(外研版通用):必修4 Module 4 Great Scientists


Module 4 Great Scientists

Ⅰ. 单词盘点 核心速记

figure n.) 1. ______( publish vt.) 2. _______(
support vt.) 3. _______( replace vt.) 4. _______(

人物 出版

支持
取代;以??代替

quantity n.) 5. ________(

数量

quality n.) 6. _______( diagnose vt.) 7. ________( escape vi.) 8. ______( straight adj.) 9.________( clear vi.) 10. _____(

质量 诊断

逃跑;逃避
直的 (烟雾)消散

联想串记 producer n.) 生产者→________( produce vt.) 生产→__________( production n.) 11. ________( 产量 leading adj.) 主要的→____( lead vt.) 领导;引导→______( leader n.) 12. _______( 领导;领袖

educate vt.) 教育→_________( educator n.)教育 education n.)教育→________( 13. _______(
家;教育工作者 original adj.) 原来的;最初的→______( origin n.)起源 14. ________(

export vt.) 出口→______( import vt.)(反义词)进口 15. ______( brief adj.) 简短的;简洁的→______( briefly adv.) 简短地;简洁 16. _____(


physical adj.) 身体的;物理学的→_________( physically adv.)身体上 17. ________( graduate vi.) 毕业(n.)毕业生→__________( graduation n.) 毕业 18. ________(

Ⅱ. 短语互译

1. 培养;养育
2. 由于??的结果 3. 因??而出名/闻名 4. 谋生 5. 掌权 6. bring in 7. convert. . . into. . .

bring up ________ as a result of ____________

be known for ____________
earn one’s living ________________ come to power _____________

引进;带来 ___________ 把??转化为?? _________________ 被诊断患有??病 _________________

8. be diagnosed with

Ⅲ. 句型透视

1. it is+过去分词+that从句
it was discovered that 人们发现) In Stephen Hawking’s case ___________________( he was a brilliant scientist. 2. keep +宾语+doing(作宾语补足语) keep the The tubes were attached to a long stick which helped ________ rocket moving 使火箭保持运动状态)in a straight direction. _____________(

3. 部分否定 not everybody 并不是每个人)wanted to use rockets in But _____________( battles.

4. 现在分词充当结果状语
becoming the world’s Or was he carried miles into space, ____________________ first astronaut 成了世界上第一个宇航员)? _____________(

Ⅳ. 语篇完形

brought up in China. As a Yuan Longping was born and 1. _______ educated in many schools and was given the boy he was 2. ________ nickname “the student who asks questions”. He studied 3. _________,
agriculture in college and as a young teacher he began 4. __________ breeding The results of his experiments in crop 5. ________. published in China in 1966. As a result of experiments were 6. _________ production rose greatly. Yuan his discoveries Chinese rice 7. __________

exported to other countries. The new Longping’s rice was 8. ________
yield is much greater than that of other hybrid rice, whose 9. _____ developed by the Yuan Longping types of rice, has been 10. _________ High-tech Agricultural Company of China.

1. 选词填空 graduated in mathematics from Shandong University in (1)He _________ graduation he went abroad for further education. 1980. After __________ (graduate/graduation) educated in the U. S. and completed her formal (2)She was ________ education in 1995.(educate/education) _________

produces TV sets. Its ________ producer is optimistic (3)This factory ________
about the production and sale.(produce/production/producer)

physically unfit for this kind of work. So he decided (4)He was _________ physical exercise every day.(physical/ physically) to do ________

Briefly what he said was _____ brief but significant.(brief/briefly) (5)______,

2. 选用句型透视中的句式仿写句子
(1)警察派人守护着这栋房子。

The police kept the men guarding over the house. ___________________________________________
(2)据报道“神舟”十号将于2013年发射升空。 It is reported that Shenzhou Ⅹ will be sent up into space in ___________________________________________________ 2013. ______ (3)不是所有在场的人都同意你的意见。

Not all the people present agreed with you. _____________________________________
(4)他击败所有其他选手,获得了一等奖。 He beat all the other players, winning the first prize. _____________________________________________

核 心 考 点

support quantity keep+宾语+宾语补足语

3年 2 考 3年 1 考 3年 1 考

1. support vt. & n. 支持;维持;供养;支撑 ①Most of the Americans supported Obama in his campaign for re-election. 大多数美国人支持奥巴马竞选连任。 ②Most of the public gave support to the project of

“Introducing Seawater”.
大多数公众支持“东水西调”工程。

③Whenever I disagree with my brother, my father comes to my support.

无论何时我和哥哥发生争执,父亲总是支持我。
④Only a few people spoke in support of the proposal. 只有几个人表示支持这一提议。

【拓展】填写适当的介词 in sth. support sb. __ to give support __ to one’s support come __ of in support __ 在某一方面支持某人 支持,支援 支持某人 支持

【高考链接】 (2010· 浙江高考)The majority of people in the town strongly __________ the plan to build a playground for children. A. consider C. confirm B. support D. submit

【解析】选B。考查动词辨析。句意:镇上的大多数人都强烈
支持为孩子们建操场的计划。consider考虑,认为;support

支持;confirm证实;submit屈服,提交。

2. quantity n. 数量;量;大量 a large quantity of large quantities of in quantity/quantities 大量的 大量的;许多的 大量地

①Your homework has improved in both quality and quantity this term. 本学期你的作业在质量上和数量上都有提高。

②(2012· 北京高考)Some of these wildernesses also perform functions that humans need—the rainforests, for example, store carbon in vast quantities. 一些荒野也履行人类需要的功能——例如,热带雨林有大量 贮存的碳。 ③用所给动词的正确形式填空

has been spent A large quantity of money _____________(spend) in bringing
up his children so far. have been spent =Large quantities of money ______________(spend) in bringing up his children so far.

【点津】(1)a quantity of或quantities of后既可以接可数名词, 也可以接不可数名词;

(2)a quantity of +n. 作主语时,谓语动词的单复数形式一般取
决于of之后的名词; (3)quantities of + n. 作主语时,不论of之后的名词是单数还是 复数,谓语动词常用复数形式。

3. escape vi. & n. 逃跑;逃避;逃脱 (1)escape from. . . escape doing sth. escape one’s attention/notice (2)have a narrow escape make one’s escape 昨天晚上七名囚犯侥幸越狱。 ②You cannot expect that something may escape the teachers’ attention. 你不要奢望有什么能逃过老师们的注意。 从??逃走 逃避做某事 逃过某人的注意 九死一生 逃脱;逃走

①Seven prisoners luckily escaped from prison last night.

③He narrowly escaped to lose his job because of his carelessness.(改错)

答案:to lose→losing。

【点津】escape后只能接v. -ing形式作宾语,不能接动词不 定式。 【熟词生义】读句子猜含义 ①Her name escaped from my memory. ( 被遗忘 )

②The oil escaped from the broken pipes.

( 泄出 )

4. bring in请进,提出; 带进;引进;赚钱

观察句子,写出黑体部分的含义
①The sale of the house only brought in about $ 5, 000. ( 赚得,挣 ) ②Could I just bring in some members of the audience to get their views? ( 引进,带进 )

③Farmers in the south have also brought in good crops.( 收获 ) ④They want to bring in a bill to limit arms exports. ( 提出 )

【拓展】
bring about 引起;导致

bring back
bring down bring on bring out bring up

归还;使记起;使恢复
使落下;降低;减少 导致,造成;使??发展/进步 阐释;出版(书籍等);发挥 教育;养育;提出;呕吐

5. come to/into power掌权;上台;开始执政 in/within one’s power beyond/out of one’s power have power over take/seize power 在某人的权力/能力范围内 超出某人的权力/能力所及 控制,支配 上台;当权;执政

came ______ to/into ______ power last December. ①The new government _____ 新政府去年12月开始执政。 beyond ____ our ______ power to control. ②The situation is _______ 这种情形是我们所不能控制的。 ③It’s not within my power to help you. 我是爱莫能助啊。

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空 come to power be in power

表示动作,不能与表示时间段的 短语连用

表示存在的状态, 可以与表示时 间段的短语连用 been in power 填空:The present government has _____________ came to power for two years. That means they _____________in two years ago.

6. The tubes were attached to a long stick which helped keep the rocket moving in a straight direction. 这些管子被绑在一根 长木棍上,这根木棍能使火箭沿直线前进。 “keep+宾语+宾语补足语”结构中,宾语补足语可以是介词 短语、名词、形容词、分词等,但高考主要考查分词,其 用法如下: (1)keep+宾语+过去分词,过去分词和宾语构成被动关系。

(2)keep+宾语+现在分词,现在分词和宾语构成主动关系。

keep _____ their ____ eyes ______. closed ①The other students in the class _____ 班上的其他学生仍然闭着眼睛。

keep _____ your _______ mother _______. waiting 别让你母亲等着。 ②Don’t _____

【想一想】“动词+宾语+宾语补足语”结构是高考试题中常

考的知识点,在此结构中除keep外,可接分词作宾语补足语
的动词还有哪些? 【参考答案】 高考中经常涉及的可以接过去分词或现在分词作宾语补足语 的动词有: find, leave, feel, see, hear, have, get。(注意make通常只以过去 分词作宾语补足语,少见以现在分词作宾语补足语)

7. But not everybody wanted to use rockets in battles. 但并不

是每个人都想在战争中使用火箭。
(1)否定词not与all, both, each, every等代词或形容词连用 构成部分否定,意为“不都,并非都”。 (2) 全部否定用 none, neither, nobody, no one, nothing, not. . . any, nowhere等表示。

①Not all friends can share in sorrows as well as joys. 并非所有的朋友都能同甘共苦。

②All these books are not popular with people.
这些书并非全都受人们的欢迎。 ③Everyone is not here.(句型转换) Not ________ everyone is here. 并不是人人都在这里。 =____ Nothing in my life impressed me so deeply as my first visit ④_______ to the Great Wall. 我的一生中,印象最深的就是第一次参观长城。

1. convert v.(使)转变,转换,转化;(使)改变(宗教或信仰);
归附 ①Ms. Mcpartland is hoping to convert the building into a homeless shelter. 麦克帕特兰女士希望把这座大楼变成无家可 归者的收容所。

②He tried to convert me to Christianity but failed.
他试图让我改信基督教但失败了。 ③Jones was converted from an opponent to a supporter during the meeting. 会议期间琼斯由一名反对者变成了支持者。

【归纳】填写适当的介词 into . . convert. . . ____. to . . convert sb. __. from . . __. to . . convert _____.

使??转变为??
使某人转变成??,使某人改信?? 从??改变为??

2. clear vt. 使清澈;使清楚;扫清 vi.(烟雾)消散;变清澈;(天)变晴 adj. 清澈的;晴朗的;清晰的;畅通的 clear away 清除;驱散;拿走;收拾

clear up

放晴;整理;清理;打扫; 消除
(误会、疑虑等)

make . . . clear

阐明;清楚表明

①My main responsibilities were clearing tables and washing dishes. 我的主要职责是清理餐桌和洗碗。 ②It was a fine day once the fog had cleared. 雾消散后是个晴天。 ③The professor cleared his throat before giving a speech. 教授

在作演讲之前清了清嗓子。

cleared ___ up the misunderstanding and made up. ④They _______ 他们消除误会和好了。 make yourself clear ⑤To __________________without using facial expressions can be very difficult. 不借助面部表情就能清楚地表达自己的观点有时会很难。

Ⅰ. 单句改错 1. Great quantities of sand was washed down the hillside by the rain.( )

答案:was→were
2. There is no way to escape to do the work.( 答案:to do→ doing 3. He has come to power for ten years but still doesn’t want to leave office.( ) 答案:come to power→been in power )

4. He kept his eyes shutting and stayed where he was.(

)

答案:shutting→shut
5. I earned my life mainly by teaching.( 答案:life→living 6. A scientist must produce evidence in favour of a theory.( ) 答案:favour→support )

7. Though he didn’t agree with us at first, we soon transferred

him to our way of thinking.(
答案:transferred→converted

)

8. In addition to a balanced diet, doing more exercise is the key to build up one’s strength.( 答案:build→building )

Ⅱ. 完成句子 in support of 1. The newspaper printed many letters ____________the government. 报纸刊登了很多支持政府的信件。 converted me to 2. My daughter has finally ______________pop music.

我的女儿最终使我转而喜欢上了流行音乐。
A quantity of 3. ____________flowers are badly needed. 急需大量鲜花。

escaped being killed the big fire. 4. They narrowly __________________in
他们险些在大火中丧生。

earn their 5. Some students take part-time jobs in order to _________ living ______. 一些学生为了谋生而打零工。 brought in 6. They __________many new laws, social customs and literary ideas from China.

他们从中国引进了很多新的法律、社会风俗和文学思想。 clear up 7. It’s raining now, but I think it will _______soon. 现在正在下雨,但我想天气很快就会转晴的。

keeps us inside 8. The bad weather _____________the house.

坏天气使我们不能出门。
graduated in 9. Only thirty students ___________Chinese last year. 去年只有三十名学生从汉语专业毕业。 came into/to power 10. Things have become worse since he _________________. 自从他上台后情况变得更糟。

Ⅲ. 话题写作 先将下面几个句子翻译成英语,然后连成一段小短文。 1. 对每一个人来说,很显然什么也代替不了母亲的爱和照顾。 2. 他的母亲,有许多优秀品质,在他的教育上花了大量的金 钱。

3. 从山东大学毕业后不久他就成为他领域里的杰出人物。
4. 上周他的第一本书出版了。

5. 简言之,是因为母亲的支持他才获得成功的。

【参考范文】 It is clear to everyone that nothing can replace mother’s love and care. His mother, who has many fine qualities, spent a

large quantity of money on his education. He became an
outstanding figure in his field soon after he graduated from Shandong University. His first book was published last week. In brief, it is as a result of his mother’s support that he achieves success.


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