2014届高三英语人教版大一轮复习讲义课件 Book 6 Unit 3 A healthy life_图文

英语

人教版

Book 6 Unit 3 A healthy life

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Ⅰ.联想记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇以及相关短语) 1. abuse n.&vt.滥用;虐待→drug abuse嗜毒 2.stress n.压力;重音;vt.加压力于;使紧张→under stress 有压力,在压力下 3.ban vt.禁止;取缔;n.禁令→ban sb. from doing sth.禁止 某人做某事 4.due to由于→owing to /thanks to /because of /as a result of /as a

consequence of

由于 对??有瘾

5. addicted

adj.上了瘾的→be addicted to

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6. accustomed to 习惯于?? 7. mentally 上;物质上地

adj.习惯了的→be accustomed to /be used adv.精神上;智力上→ physically adv.身体

8.quit v.停止;离开→quit school辍学→quit smoking 戒烟 9.effect n.结果;效力→ have an effect on →affect vt.影响;侵袭,使感染 10.in spite of 不管;不顾→ despite →regardless of不管;不顾 11. at risk处境危险→ in
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对??有影响

prep.尽管,不管

danger处于危险中
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Ⅱ.构词记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇及其派生词) 1.alcohol n.酒精→ alcoholic adj.酒精的 2.stress n.压力→ stressful adj.产生压力的;紧张的 3. adolescent adj.青春期的→adolescence n.青春期 4.withdraw vi.退缩;撤退→ withdrawal 戒毒过程 5.breath n.呼吸→ breathe 气喘吁吁的 vi.&vt.呼吸→ breathless adj. n.撤退;收回;

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6.fit adj.健康的;合适的→ unfit n.健康 7.strong adj.强壮的→ strength vt.加强;巩固 8.survive vi.&vt.幸存→ survival n.幸存者 9.judge vt.&vi. 判断→ judgement →

adj.不健康的;不合适的

fitness

n.力量;强项→ strengthen n.幸存→ survivor n.看法;判断

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Ⅲ.语境填词(根据提示用适当的单词或短语填空) 1.He fell ill due to (由于) the abuse (滥用) of alcohol (酒) (压力). and cigarettes (香烟) and too much stress

2. Adolescents (青少年) should be banned (禁止) from smoking, because once their bodies are accustomed to (习惯于) nicotine, they will be addicted to (上瘾) it. 3.You’ll have a tough (艰难的) time quitting (戒除) smoking since you’ll suffer mentally (精神上的) and physically. 4.As we all know,bad habits have a bad effect of them and strengthen (加强) exercise. 5.In spite of (尽管) the fact that I may get into (陷入) trouble, I’d like to
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(影响) on

our mental (精神上的) and physical health,so we must get rid

take a risk (冒险).
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Ⅳ.语境记忆(背诵语段,记忆单元词汇) Some adolescents are addicted to the abuse of alcohol and cigarettes due to the stress of overwork.They are faced with fitness problems physically and mentally.

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Ⅴ.课文原句背诵 1.When I was taken off the school football team because I was unfit, I knew it was time to quit smoking .

当我因为身体不健康而被校足球队除名的时候,我知道我该戒烟了。 2.I do hope so because I want you to live as long and healthy a life as I have. 我真的希望如此,因为我想让你和我一样过上健康而长寿的生活。 3.Every time you feel like smoking a cigarette ,remind yourself that you are a nonsmoker. 每当你想要吸烟的时候,你就提醒你自己:你(已经)是不吸烟的人了。

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Ⅰ.单项填空 1.New technologies have made faster and at a lower cost. (2012· 四川,2) A.that C.one B.this D.it

D

句意为:新技术已经使 更快地、以更低的成本 生产新产品成为可能。 it作形式宾语,替代动 词不定式to turn out new products faster and at a lower cost。

possible to turn out new products

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2.—Was it by cutting down staff D she saved the firm? —No, it was by improving work efficiency. A.when C.how (2012· 上海,37) B.what D.that

本题考查强调句型的用 法。看见 it was 就要想 到是否是强调句,把 it was 和该空去掉,该句 依然成立,不缺任何成 分, 所以该句为强调句。

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3.I think Tom, as the head of a big department,should either study regularly or A.quits C.quitting

D

his job 。 B.to quit D.quit

either...or...连接两个 并列成分,由此quit 与study的形式应一 致,故答案为D项。

(2012· 浙江,8)

I was addicted in all three ways,so it was very difficult to quit.
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4.I’ve

C

the habit of calling in on my grandparents (2012· 江西,24)
本题考查habit的常见搭配。 句意为:我养成了在放学回 家的路上去祖父母家的习 惯。be in/fall into/get into the habit of doing sth.有/养成 做某事的习惯,根据句意知 C项正确。

on my way home from school. A.come into B.gone into C.got into D.run into

Of course the best way to deal with these drugs is not to get into the habit in the first place!

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Ⅱ.完形、阅读——英译汉 1. Life has become hopelessly tough. (2012· 湖北· 完形)

生活变得非常艰难。
2.But maybe it’s also due to the shortage of policemen on the streets. (2011· 浙江· 阅读 A)

不过,也可能是因为街上缺少警察。
3.A textaholic can be defined as someone who is addicted to sending and receiving messages. (2011· 山东· 阅读表达)

所谓短信狂是指那些对收发短信都成瘾的人。
4.I made the choice to withdraw from college to care for her. (2011· 天津· 阅读 B)

我决定退学来照顾她。
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Ⅲ.书面表达——汉译英 1.不念旧恶也是一种美德,尤其是在这样一个充满竞争和压力 的社会里。(stressful) (2012· 江苏· 书面表达)

It is also a virtue to forgive and forget, especially in such a competitive and stressful society.
2.另外,惩罚绝不是帮孩子身心健康发展的明智选择。 (mentally) (2011· 陕西· 书面表达)

Furthermore, punishment is by no means a wise choice to help them grow up mentally and physically.

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历年高考热点:quit,get into,tough, due to, be addicted to,withdraw,stressful, mentally 等的用法。 2014 考点预测:stress,addicted,ashamed, accustom,due to,feel like,get into 等的用法。

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1 stress
【双语释义】n.压力;强调;紧张(pressure);重要性(emphasis); 重音;vt.强调(emphasize);使紧张;加压力于(press);用重 音读 【学情诊断】 (1)翻译句子 ①She stressed that she wasn’t going to help.

她强调她不打算帮忙。
②Things can easily go wrong when people are under stress.

人们有压力的时候容易把事情做糟。 ③In “abuse” the stress falls on the second syllable. “abuse”一词的重音在第二个音节上。
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(2)When I was a child,Mother my proper behavior. A.put;on C.gave;in
答案

great stress

B.added;in D.added;up

A

reduce stress减少压力 under the stress of在??的压力下 place/lay/put stress on重视,强调

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2 addicted
【双语释义】 adj.有瘾的, 上瘾的(unable to stop doing); 对?? 痴迷的,沉迷的(crazy) 【学情诊断】 (1)用 addict 的适当形式填空 ①The boy smoked and became addicted to cigarettes. ②I took up skiing several years ago and I find it very

addictive . ③The program is to deal with

addiction

to alcohol.

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(2)Compared with his sister, Jerry is even more

D

句意为:与他的姐姐相 比,杰瑞对情感和人际 关系问题更敏感,而且 更易受此类问题困扰。 sensitive敏感的,符合句 意。sceptical 怀疑的; addicted上瘾的; available可用的。

to, and more

easily troubled by, emotional and relationship problems. A.sceptical C.available B.addicted D.sensitive

be addicted to ?doing? sth.沉溺于??; 专心于?? addict n.吸毒成瘾的人,瘾君子;对??入迷 的人 addiction n.沉溺,上瘾 addictive adj.使人上瘾的;使人入迷的

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be addicted to中的to是介词,后跟名词、代词或动名词

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3 ashamed
【 双 语 释 义 】 adj. 感 到 惭 愧 或 羞 耻 的 (feeling shame or embarrassment about) 【学情诊断】 (1)句型转换 ①I’m ashamed to have troubled you so many times. →I’m ashamed that I have troubled you so many times. ②He was ashamed that he had lied to her. →He was

ashamed

of having lied to her.

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(2)In an English class,I couldn’t answer my teacher’s question and I was A.ashamed C.alike
感到羞耻/惭愧 be ashamed to do sth.因惭愧/羞耻而勉强 做某事 be ashamed that...感到羞耻,感到惭愧 shame n.羞耻,惭愧;让人遗憾的事 It’s a shame that...真遗憾?? shameful adj.可耻的;丢脸的 shameless adj.不知羞耻的
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A
D.sure

of that.
句意为:在英语课上,我没能 回答出老师的问题来, 我感到 很羞愧。 ashamed of 对?? be 感到惭愧的; aware 意识到的; alike 相似的;sure 确信的。根 据句意,选 A 项。

B.aware

be/feel ashamed of 对?于???

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4 accustom
【双语释义】vt.使习惯于(make sb. become used to) 【学情诊断】 (1)完成句子 ①I’m not accustomed to getting up so early. 我不习惯这么早起床。 ②You will soon

get accustomed to

the job. the new rules.

你将很快习惯于这份工作。 ③It took me a while to accustom myself to 我用了一段时间才使自己适应新制度。
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(2)Since he often travels on business, he can sleeping in any place he can find. A.devote C.force B.accustom D.reduce

B

himself to

句意为:由于他经常因公出 差,他习惯于在任何能找到的 地方睡觉。accustom oneself to 使自己习惯于,符合句意。

accustom oneself to?doing? sth. 使自己习惯于?做?某事 accustomed adj.习惯于??的; 惯常的 be/get/become accustomed to ?doing?sth.习惯于?做?某事

devote oneself to奉献于,专心 于;force sb. to do sth.强迫某人 做某事;reduce sb.to doing sth. 某人沦落到做某事。

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accustom oneself to 或be accustomed to中,to为介词,后跟名词 或动名词。

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5 due to
【双语释义】因为,由于(because of) 【学情诊断】 (1)完成句子 ①The meeting is due to start 会议预定在 3 点钟开始。 ②His absence at three. the heavy rain.

was due to

他的缺席是因为暴雨。

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(2)It is reported that the accident so a lot of money A.was due to;was due to B.due to;was due to C.is due to;was due to D.is due to;due to
答案

careless driving,

be paid by the driver.

由于事故发生在过去,因此 应用过去时。第一空表“由 于??”;第二空表“预定 要??”,故选A项。

A
due to因为,由于,作表语或状语,通常不置于句首 due adj.欠款的;预定的;到期的

be due to do sth.预期做某事,预定做某事 be due to sth./sb.归因于某事/某人;某人应得的 be due for sth.应有;应得到
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思考 表示“因为,由于”的常用短语有哪些?

because of,owing to,thanks to,on account of,as a result of,as a consequence of。

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6 feel like
【双语释义】想要(want to have or do);感觉像;摸起来像 【学情诊断】 (1)完成句子 ①They made me feel like one of the family (觉得是这个家庭 里的一员). ②The table feels like plastic (摸着像塑料的),not wood. (想再喝一杯咖啡). ③I feel like another cup of coffee

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(2)一句多译 他不想去那儿工作。 ① He didn’t want to go to work there. ② He didn’t feel like going to work there. ③ He wouldn’t like to go to work there. would like to do sth./want to do sth./feel like doing sth.想要做某事 enjoy/be fond of doing sth.喜欢做某事 feel as if/though感觉好像 not feel oneself感到身体不舒服
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7 get into
【双语释义】陷入;养成,染上(某种习惯)(develop a habit of...); 开始(某事)(start sth.);参与(become involved in) 【学情诊断】 (1)完成句子 ①Why did they get into a fight (参与斗殴)? (染上坏习惯). (欠债). ②Don’t let yourself get into bad habits ③We were poor,but we never got into debt ④You’ll

get into trouble

(陷入麻烦) if you drive

after drinking.
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(2)The little kid A.got into C.got out of

A

the habit of telling lies,which made B.got off D.got over

his mother very angry.

get into a talk/a fight/an argument参与讨论/斗殴/争论 get into the habit of养成/染上??习惯 get into trouble陷入麻烦,get into debt欠债

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1 Don’ t be disappointed if you have to try several times before you finally stop smoking.
如果你尝试几次之后才最终戒烟,也不要失望。

句型公式:before 引导时间状语从句 【学情诊断】 (1)It was five days before they finished the task . 过了五天他们才完成任务。

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(2)单项填空 ①The American Civil War lasted four years North won in the end. A.after C.when
②It was some time A.when C.since

B

the

B.before D.then

D

we realized the truth.

B.until D.before

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before 作为连词,其基本含义是“在??之前”,又可以 根据不同语境灵活翻译成“才, 还没来得及就??, 趁??” 等。 It won’t be+时间段+before...用不了多长时间就会?? ?before 从句用一般现在时? It will be+时间段+before...得过多长时间才???before 从句用 一般现在时? It wasn’t+时间段+before...没过多长时间就???before 从句 用一般过去时? It was+时间段+before...过了多长时间才???before 从句用一 般过去时?

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2. As you know,if you do the same thing over and over again, you begin to do it automatically.
这一点你知道,如果你反复做同样的事情,你就会下意识地 做这件事情。
句型公式:as引导定语从句 【学情诊断】 (1) As we all know ,Taiwan is one part of China. ,Taiwan is one part of China.

As is known to all

众所周知,台湾是中国的一部分。
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(2)单项填空 ①It is such a good place A.which;that C.as;that

C

everybody wants to visit
第一空as引导定语 从句;第二空that引 导结果状语从句。

it is wellknown all over the world. B.as;as D.that;as

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②Don’t do such things you are not sure about. A.that C.as B.which D.what

C

先行词前有such,故用 as引导定语从句,as在 从句中作about的宾语。

?1?as 引导非限制性定语从句,指代主句的 内容,在从句中作主语或宾语。 它引导的从句可位于主句前,也可位于主句后,还可以 位于主句中间。 ?2?as 引导限制性定语从句,先行词前有 the same,as, so,such 修饰。
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3 单元语法:it的用法(1)
【学情诊断】 根据给出的句子填空 (1)China produces one third of the world’s cigarettes.It is reported. → It is reported that China produces one third of the world’s cigarettes. (2)I’m still fit enough to cycle 20 kilometres in an afternoon.That is amazing. → It is amazing that I am still fit enough to cycle 20 kilometres in an afternoon. (3)You are honest to tell me the truth. → It is honest of you to tell me the truth. (4)—How was the weather? — It was sunny. (5)—How far is it? — It is five miles from our school.
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基础巩固
Ⅰ.语境填词 effect,strengthen,desperate,disappoint,ashamed,stress, ban,addict,mental,quit 1.She stressed the importance of a balanced diet. 2.Gao Xiaosong was banned from driving for drunk driving. 3.Allow yourself to watch soap opera occasionally,but don’t get addicted . 4.After his vacation,he was in fine condition both physically and

mentally

.

5.He has to quit school because he can not afford the tuition.

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6.The new law will come into effect from April. 7.Our friendship has steadilystrengthened over the years. 8.He was desperate for work to provide for a large family. 9.He was disappointed with the

disappointing

result.

10.He was ashamed of having failed in the examination.

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Ⅱ.词义猜测或句意理解题——用本单元词汇或句式替换划线部分 1.His long and active life is the result of his healthy life. due to 2.It is easy to begin smoking but very difficult to stop. 3.I have been used to the new working environment.

tough

accustomed to
4.Although he made his efforts, he failed to achieve his goal.

In spite of his efforts
5.Sometimes we do something without realizing it out of habit.

automatically

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Ⅲ.微写作(28) 【写作素材】 1.青少年一旦吸毒活下来的可能性就很小。 2.他们会感到不安、可耻、失望甚至绝望。 3.他们想戒毒,但是效果不好,所以他们感到巨大的压力。 提示:黑体部分用本单元词汇表达。

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【连句成篇】 (将以上句子连成一篇50词左右的英语短文)
Adolescents who are addicted to drug abuse can hardly survive. They feel embarrassed,ashamed,disappointed and even desperate. They want to withdraw or quit, but it has little effect,so they feel great stress.

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句意为:我讨厌
Ⅳ.微语法(28)——替代词 it,that,one,those 的用法 (课外拓展——一个单元突破一个语法点) 1. I hate

长沙天气很冷的 时候,因为室内 没有暖气。有些 动词如like, appreciate, dislike,hate等习 惯上先用it作形 式宾语,再接一 个宾语从句。

C

when the weather in

Changsha becomes freezing cold because there is no heater inside. A.this C.it B.that D.so

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paper作“报纸”讲时是可 数名词。结合情景,说话人 要对方给自己捎一份报纸, 也就是a paper,而与此相对

2.If you’re buying today’s paper from the stand,could you get A for me? A.one C.this B.such D.that

(2012· 辽宁,28) 应的就是one。句意为:如果
你要从书报摊买今天的报 纸,你能给我买一份吗?除 了A项外的其他三个选项都 可以用作代词,代替名词, 但是用法不一样。such意为 “这类的(上文提到的人或 物)”,且在句中作定语或主 语;this指将要提到的内容; that指刚提到过的内容。

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those=that ones,
3.Studying Wendy’s menu,I found that many of the items are similar to A of McDonald’s. (2012· 浙江,5) A.those C.any B.ones D.all

代指前面的 many of the items, 表示复数、 特 指 , 被 of McDonald’s 修饰, 符合语境。ones 表示 复数、泛指;any 任 何一个;all 全部,均 不符合语境。

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4.No matter where he is,he makes

考查代词。make it a rule to do sth.养成做某事的习 惯,该结构中it为形式宾 语,真正的宾语是动词 不定式to go for a walk, 故选D项。

C

a rule to go for (2012· 陕西,13)

a walk before breakfast. A.him C.that B.this D.it

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5.You may depend on A.that C.it

C
考查代词。depend on it that...依靠(指望)??, 为固定用法。

that he will come to your help. B.those D.one

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写作专题 Step Two
微写作——语段集训
第17讲 表示结论

1.To be short/In short/Shortly speaking,it can be said that the party was a great success. 简言之,可以说此次晚会很成功。 2.From what has been mentioned above,we can draw a conclusion that QQ zone should be made proper use of.从以上 提到的观点,我们可以得出这样一个结论:QQ空间应该适当 利用。 3.It can be briefly summed up as follows. 可简单总结如下。
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4.As far as I am concerned,I should learn to stick to what’s right and be a good citizen. 在我看来,我应该学习坚持对的并做一个好公民。 5.As has been stated above,it is our test results rather than the speed that count. 如上所述,起作用的是测试结果而不是做题速度。 e.g. From what has been stated above,we can easily reach a conclusion that examination is quite important and necessary;however,its method should be improved.
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【即时训练】 【写作素材】 1.我想强调的是我们每一个人应该学会多倾听。 2.即使你不喜欢也要对不同的观点持有开放的心态。 3.总之,好好倾听真的能让我们彼此之间拉近距离。

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【连句成篇】 (将以上句子连成一篇 50 词左右的英语短文)
What I want to stress is that each of us should listen more to others.Be openminded to different opinions even though you don’t like them.In a word,good listening can really enable us to get closer to each other.

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