2014届高三英语人教版大一轮复习讲义课件 Book 6 Unit 5 The power of nature_图文

英语

人教版

Book 6 Unit 5 The power of nature

晨记有道
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Ⅰ.联想记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇以及相关短语) 1.appoint vt.任命;委派→be appointed as 被任命为 2.make one’s way 前往→ head for 前往 3.panic vi.&vt.惊慌;n.惊慌;恐慌→ in panic惊慌地 4.glance through 匆匆看一遍→look through/scan 浏览 5.vary from...to...由??到??不等→ range 在??范围内变化 6.guarantee vt. & n.保证;担保→ guarantee to do 保证去做某事
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from...to... sth.

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Ⅱ.构词记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇及其派生词) 1.erupt vi.爆发→eruption n.爆发 2.appoint vt.任命→ appointment n.任命 3.absolute adj.绝对的;完全的→ absolutely 完全地 4.anxious adj.忧虑的;不安的→ anxiety n.焦虑;担心 5. diverse adj.多种多样的→diversity n.多样性 6. appreciate vt.欣赏;感激→ appreciation 激;感谢 n.欣赏;感 adv.绝对地;

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Ⅲ.语境填词(根据提示用适当的单词或短语填空) 1.From the diagram(图表) you can see where the volcanoes (火 山) erupt (爆发) quite often. 2.The whole city was burned to the ground (烧成平地) and he was appointed (委派) to evaluate (评估) the losses. 3.I absolutely great (绝对地) believe that he actually (事实上) has

potential (潜力) but that can’t

guarantee (保证) his

success. 4.They panicked (恐慌) and were anxious (忧虑的) about their son, so they (雷暴). 5.I glanced through (浏览) the menu and found foods were diverse (丰富的) and their prices varied from 1,000.
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made their way (前行) home in the thunderstorm

100 to (由??到??)
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Ⅳ.语境记忆(背诵语段,记忆单元词汇) I absolutely appreciate his potential ability.Actually he has been appointed to be a candidate of volcanology committee due to his unique height in this field.

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Ⅴ.课文原句背诵 1.Yet, however weak we are , we are not completely powerless. 可是,无论我们多么弱,我们也不是完全无能为力。 2.I

was about to go back to sleep when suddenly my bedroom

became as bright as day. 我刚要再睡,突然我的卧室亮如白昼。 3.Having collected and evaluated the information , I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast. 收集和评估这些信息之后,我就帮助其他科学家一起预测熔岩接 着将往何处流,流速是多少
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Ⅰ.单项填空 1. Pressed from his parents,and that he has wasted too much time, the boy is determined to stop playing video games. (2012· 福建, 34) A.realizing B.realized C.to realize D.being realized
分析句子结构可判断,and 在句中连接了两个并列的表示 原因的状语,即 Pressed from his parents 和 that he has wasted too much time,它们 的逻辑主语都是句子的主语 the boy, the boy 和 realize 之 而 间构成了逻辑上的主谓关系, 故用 realize 的现在分词形式作 状语,表示原因。B 项为被动 形式;C 项为动词不定式,表 示动作还未发生;D 项为现在 分词的被动式, 均不符合句意。
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A

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2.

A

in a long queue,we waited for 考查非谓语动词。句子
的主语 we前是逗号,说

the store to open to buy a New iPad. A.Standing B.To stand C.Stood D.Stand

(2012· 陕西,15) 明应该用非谓语动词作
句子的状语,逻辑主语 是句子的主语we,非谓 语动词与逻辑主语是主 动关系,且其动作与谓 语动词wait的动作同时 进行,用v.ing的一般 式,故选A。
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3.Sit down,Emma.You will only make tired, B A.to keep B.keeping C.having kept D.to have kept yourself more on your feet. (2011· 北京,33)
句意为:埃玛,坐下。一直站 立着,你将只会使你自己更加 疲劳。从题干中可知,这里是 非谓语动词用作条件状语。 keeping on your feet=if you keep on your feet;having kept 表示的动作发生在谓语动词表 示的动作之前,不符合语境, 故排除C项。动词不定式不能 作条件状语,故排除A、D两 项。选项B正确。

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4.“Tommy,run!Be quick! The house is on fire!” the mother shouted,with clearly in her voice. (2011· 湖北,21) A.anger B.rudeness C.regret D.panic
I felt very nervous and had to force myself not to panic.
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句意为:“Tommy,快 跑!快点!房子着火 了!”母亲大声喊着, 声音中明显透着恐慌。 anger生气;rudeness粗 鲁;regret后悔;panic恐 慌。根据句意可知应选D 项。

D

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Ⅱ.完形、阅读——英译汉 1.Murray was at the port to wave goodbye to his remarkable friend. (2012· 山东· 阅读B)

Murray 到港口送他这位了不起的朋友。
2.I passed by a girl who dropped her books out of her locker. (2011· 湖南· 完形)

我从一个女孩旁边经过,她的书从橱子里掉了出来。

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3.Companies fearful of losing their competitive advantage spend much time and money looking for ways to pick up the speed. (2011· 四川· 阅读E)

害怕失去竞争优势的公司花很多时间和金钱寻找能加快发 展速度的方法。
4.People behind me began to get impatient and angry, with some speeding up alongside me, horning (按喇叭) or even shouting at me. (2011· 广东· 阅读A)

我后面的人开始变得不耐烦了,有人加速追上来,按着 喇叭,甚至有人朝我大喊。
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Ⅲ.书面表达——汉译英 1.对学生来说,你最好选择那些你感兴趣并适合你的活动。(suit) (2011· 四川· 书面表达)

To students, you’d better choose the activities which interest you and suit you.
2.让你感到困惑的问题也正是困惑着很多中国父母的问题。 (actually) (2011· 陕西· 书面表达)

What puzzles you is actually a puzzle for many parents in
China.

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历年高考热点: panic, wave, drop, pick up,alongside, suit,actually 等的用法。 2014 考点预测:appoint,suit,anxious,guarantee,make one’s way to/towards 等的用法。

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1 appoint
【双语释义】 【学情诊断】 (1)完成句子 ①We need to appoint a time to meet 我们需要定个时间再见面。 ②We must appoint someone again. vt.任命;委任(choose sb. for);安排,确定(时间、 地点)(arrange;decide on)

to be/as secretary.

我们必须指定一个人来当秘书。 ③She made an appointment for her son to see the doctor. 她为儿子约定了看医生的时间。
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(2)Mr. Black is a careful and experienced engineer, so he is often finish some challenging tasks. A.appreciated B.approached C.appointed D.agreed
appoint sb. ?as/to be?...任命某人为? appoint sb.to do sth.委派某人做某事 appointment n.约会,约定;任命 make an appointment with sb.与某人预约
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句意为:布莱克先生 是一位认真而且有经 验的工程师,因此他 经常被委派去完成一 些有挑战性的工作。 appoint任命,委派, 符合句意。appreciate 欣赏;approach接 近;agree同意。

C

to

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2 suit
【双语释义】v.适合;(使)适宜(be right for);n.诉讼;恳求; 套装(a set of clothes) 【学情诊断】 (1)完成句子 ①I am afraid Tuesday suits me better . 我想星期二对我更合适。 ②A good teacher should suit of his pupils. 一位优秀的老师应使他讲的课适合学生的年龄。
考点对接 三年考情调研 突破核心单词与短语 突破重点句式与单元语法

his lessons to

the age

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(2)单项填空 ①—How about eight o’clock outside the cinema? —That A.fits C.satisfies

D

me fine. B.meets D.suits

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②—This coat doesn’t A.suit;suit C.fit;fit
答案

me.Do you have a larger size? you? B.suit;fit D.fit;suit

—Yes,but the colour is different.Does it

D
suit指合乎需要﹑口味﹑条件﹑地位,以及花 色﹑款式等与某人的皮肤﹑气质﹑身材或身份相称。 suit sth. to sb./sth.使某物适合某人/某物 be suited to/for适合于??;适宜于?? be suitable for sb./sth.适合于某人/某物 be suitable to do sth.适合做某事

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易混辨析
match,suit,fit match多指大小、色调、形状、性质等方面的搭配。 suit多指衣物等的颜色、款式适合,也指合乎需要、口味、性 格、条件、地位、时间等。 fit多指大小、形状合适,引申为“吻合,协调”。

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【活学活用】 用 match,suit,fit 的适当形式填空 (1)If you want to go by bus,that suits me fine. (2)Her shoes

match her dress;they look very well together. fits
me well and its color matches me.

(3)The size of the shirt my tie, so it

suits

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3 anxious
【双语释义】adj.焦虑的,忧虑的;不安的;令人焦虑的 (nervous;worried);渴望的(eager) 【学情诊断】 (1)用 anxious 的适当形式填空 ①He was anxious to know what had happened. ②We are waiting for the news with anxiety . ③They are anxiously awaiting a decision.

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(2)My mother always gets a bit we will . A.anxious B.ashamed C.weak D.patient

A

if we don ’t arrive when we say
句意为:当我们说我 们会到家而(实际)未 到时,母亲总是有点 担心。anxious担心 的,不安的;ashamed 羞愧的;weak虚弱 的;patient耐心的。 根据句意,选A项。

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be anxious about/for...对??感到焦虑/担心 be anxious to do sth.渴望做某事 be anxious for sth.渴望?? be anxious for sb. to do sth.渴望某人做某事 be anxious that...希望???that 从句用 should do 虚拟语气,should 可以省略? anxiously adv.焦急地;忧虑地 anxiety n.担心;焦虑;渴望 with anxiety 焦虑地

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4 guarantee
【双语释义】vt.保证;担保(promise);n.保证;担保;保修单 【学情诊断】 (1)完成句子 ①The car is less than a year old,so it is still under guarantee . 这辆车还不到一年,因此还在保修期内。 ②We can’t

guarantee you a room

for that day.

我们不能保证那天给你一个房间。 ③We guarantee to replace the broken door free of charge. 我们保证免费更换这损坏了的门。

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(2)I appreciate your hard work and intelligence,but I can’t

C

that you’ll be admitted into a key university. B.transform D.do

A.prepare C.guarantee

句意为:我欣赏你的勤奋 和才智,但我不能保证你 会被重点大学录取。 guarantee保证,担保,符 合句意。

guarantee sth.保证?? guarantee that...保证??, guarantee sb.sth./guarantee sth.to sb. 向某人保证某事 guarantee to do sth.保证做某事 be guaranteed to do sth.肯定会;必定会 under guarantee在保修期内

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5 make one’s way to/towards
【双语释义】前往;到??地方去(head for) 【学情诊断】 根据句意用含有 way 的短语填空 (1)Exhausted,he made his way to/towards (2)She the hotel.

picked her way

between the piles of books.

(3)There was no light,so we had to feel our way in the dark. (4)She tried to push her way to the front of the crowd.

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pick one’s way 小心翼翼地前进 feel one’s way 摸索着前进 push one’s way 挤过去 fight one’s way 奋力前进 make way for 为??让路

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1. The other two climbed down into the crater to collect some lava for later study,but this being my first experience,I stayed at the top and watched them.
另外两个人攀下火山口去收集日后研究用的岩浆,我是第一次 经历这样的事,所以留在山顶上观察他们。

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句型公式:独立主格结构 【学情诊断】 (1)用独立主格结构完成句子 There being no bus ,we had to walk home. 没有公共汽车, 我们不得不步行回家。

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(2)单项填空 ①Bats are surprisingly longlived years. A.having B.had C.have D.to have creatures, some (2011· 浙江· 3)
句意为:蝙蝠是令人吃惊 的长寿动物,有些蝙蝠的 生命周期达到大约 20年。 分析句式结构可知,这是 一个简单句,中间用逗号 分隔,所以后半句是对前 半句的补充说明, some 是 逻辑主语,其后应跟非谓 语动词形式,由于 some 与 have 之间是逻辑上的主谓 关系,所以用现在分词形 式,构成独立主格结构。

A a life span of around 20

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②All things

A

, the

planned trip will have to be called off. A.considered B.considering C.be considered D.having considered

things 和consider 之间是被动关 系,因此选 A。

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?1?独立主格结构的构成: 名词?代词?+现在分词/过去分词 名词?代词?+不定式 名词?代词?+形容词 名词?代词?+副词 名词?代词?+介词短语 ?2?独立主格结构的特点:①独立主格结构的逻辑主语 与句子的主语不同它独立存在。②名词或代词与后面 的分词,不定式,形容词,副词,介词短语是逻辑上 的主谓关系。 ③独立主格结构一般有逗号与主句分开。

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2. It’s said that this boy, who had a great gift for languages and persuasion, is the father of the Manchu people.
据说这个男孩就是满族人的祖先,他具有语言天赋和很强 的说服力。
句型公式:It is said that... 【学情诊断】 (1)完成句子 ① It is said that he once served in the navy. 据说他曾经在海军服役。 ② It is reported that two people were injured in the accident. 据报道两个人在事故中受伤。
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(2)Leonardo da Vinci(1452~1519) A.is said to be buying B.is said to have bought C.had said to buy D.has said to have bought

B

birds kept in

cages in order to have the pleasure of setting them free.

sb./sth.is said to do sth.据说某 人/某物做某事。因为买鸟这一 动作发生在说之前,因此此处 应用不定式的完成时态。

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It is said that...表示“据说??”的意思,实际上 it 为 形式主语,that 引导的为主语从句;相当于 people say that...的意思。该结构还可以改变成 sb./sth. is said to do/be doing/have done...结构。 类似用法: It is thought that...大家认为?? It is believed that...人们相信?? It is hoped that...人们希望?? It is reported that...据报道??

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3单元语法:动词的ing形式
【学情诊断】 用动词的ing形式改写下列句子 (1)As I came out of my house,I saw the volcano erupting. → Coming out of my house ,I saw the volcano erupting. (2)When she woke up in the middle of the night,she saw her room was as bright as day. →Waking up in the middle of the night ,she saw her room was as bright as day.

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(3)She sat at the desk and read a newspaper. →She sat at the desk reading a newspaper . (4)As I had never seen a volcano erupting before,I was very excited. → Never having seen a volcano erupting before very excited. (5)It rained heavily so that it caused severe flooding in the area. →It rained heavily, causing severe flooding in the area . ,I was

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基础巩固
Ⅰ.语境填词 panic,appreciation,guarantee,suit,absolute,equip, appoint,wave,conscious,anxious 1.His turning up will guarantee the success of the meeting. 2.I think you’re absolutely right.

waved to us when she saw us. 4.She was found alive but unconscious . 5.I’m anxious about her safety.
3.She 6. Panic spread quickly through the whole city.

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7. show our appreciation for all your hard work, To we’d like to give you a bonus. 8 . A lot of teaching quakestricken area. 9.If we met at 2 o’clock,would that 10.The president

equipment

has been sent to the

suit

you?

appointed

a new director.

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基础巩固

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Ⅱ.词义猜测或句意理解题——用本单元词汇或句式替换划线部分 1.We went to the factory in the heavy snow.

made our way was about to go

2.He was on the point of going when the telephone rang. 3.Because I had experienced earthquakes before, I wasn’t

Having experienced 4.He looked through the paper and went out. glanced through
frightened. 5.He was frightened when he heard the gunshot.

panicked

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Ⅲ.微写作(30) 【写作素材】 1.从图表中我们能发现活火山的分布地带。 2.火山爆发会引起恐慌,有可能将所经之处的一切焚烧殆尽。 3.事实上,空气中的火山灰使飞机没法飞行。 提示:黑体部分用本单元词汇表达。

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【连句成篇】(将以上句子连成一篇50词左右的英语短文)
We can find in the diagram where active volcanoes lie. When they erupt, they cause panic and have potential to burn to the ground everything in its path.Actually,ashes in the air make it impossible for flights to work.

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Ⅳ.微语法(30)——时间状语从句 (课外拓展——一个单元突破一个语法点) 1.If a lot of people say a film is not good,I won’t bother to see it,or I’ll wait

句意为:如果众人 都说一部电影不 好,我不会急着去 看,或者会等到它 的DVD出版。until 直到,符合题意。

D

it comes out on DVD. (2011· 上海,36) B.after D.until

A.whether C.though

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2.John thinks it won’t be long C he is ready for his new job. (2010· 陕西,20) A.when C.before B.after D.since

句意为:约翰认为他不 久就会为他的新工作做 好准备。It won’t be

long before...是一个常用 的句式,意思是“不久 就会??”。

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3.Because of the heavy traffic,it was already time for lunch break

句意为:由于交通堵 塞,当她到达办公室 的时候已经是吃午饭 的时间了。由句意 知,应是表示时间 “当??的时候”, 应用when。

C he go to her office.
(2010· 四川,20) A.since C.when B.that D.until

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句意为:这个女孩刚一按
4.The girl had hardly rung the bell

门铃,门就突然开了,她 的朋友冲出去迎接她。题 干中hardly...before...实际 上为一固定句式,意思是 “刚??就??”,相当 于hardly...when...。until直 到??;as当??时候; since自从??以来。

A

the door was

opened

suddenly, and her friend rushed out to greet her. (2010· 福建,26) A.before C.as B.until D.since

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5.It just isn’t fair;

D

I

句意为:这真不公平。上 个月当我在做服务员的时 候,我的朋友们正躺在沙 滩上。表示“与此同时” 用while,引导时间状语从 句。

was working as a waiter last month,my friends were lying on the beach. (2009· 辽宁,30) A.whenever B.though C.for D.while

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