全国英语等级考试第一级教程Unit8ppt课件_图文

Chapter Eight
Shopping

Unit Aims Dialogues Passages

Unit Aims
Ⅰ)内容重点 (Language Focus) Ⅱ)技能要求 (Skills)

内容重点(Language Focus)
1. 交际重点 (Communicative Focus)
能够听懂商品名称、价格、折扣以及购 物计划等信息,并简单接待或陪同外 国人购物;与外国人交流有关购物方 面的简单信息,如:商品颜色、尺寸 、数量、折扣等。

2. 重点训练词组 (Focal Expressions)

talk about

consider as

plan to

look for

go shopping

have a try

base on

the latest arrivals

have a look around 10% off

less than

go with

from… to…

in need

a waste of time

thousands of

tend to

at a time

3. 重点句型和习惯表达法 (Focal Functions and Patterns)
① What are you going to do? ② May I help you, Ma’am? ③ What colour does she like? ④ What do you think of this one? ⑤ What’s the price?/ How much is it? ⑥ Would you like to have a try? ⑦ Do you have anything like it but cheaper? ⑧ What size do you take? ⑨ I’ll look around for some more shirts. ⑩ It take sb. sometime to do sth.

技能要求(Skills)
1.听力:听懂有关购物的简短文章和对话。 2.阅读:读懂有关购物的文章,并回答问题。 3.写作:
改写句子:掌握有关句型和表达,利用所学语法结 构和句型改写句子。
书面表达:能够用简单句表述商品具体信息、填写 购物清单。
4.口语:能够进行购物和买卖商品的对话。
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Dialogue 1
Linda and Bill are talking about shopping. B: What are you going to do tomorrow,
Linda? L: I plan to shop for clothes. B: Oh, shopping again! I don’t understand why
women like shopping so much. L: That’s unfair. Men go shopping, too. B: Yes. But shopping for clothes is not the same 1
experience for men as it is for women. We go shopping because we need something while
Next

Dialogue 1
your shopping is not often based on need. Most of the time, you are only “having a look around”! L: Yeah. That’s true. B: And we usually buy a thing in less than five minutes, while you may spend several hours going from one store to another. That’s a waste of time. 2 L: Relax, Bill. That’s why women tend to live longer than men. You consider shopping as a job while we see it as entertainment. 3

1. Does Bill like shopping?
No, he doesn’t.
2. What’s the difference between men’s and women’s shopping?
Men go shopping because they need something while women’s shopping is not often based on need. Most of the time, women are only “having a look around”!
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talk about
1.谈论,谈及,讨论 What are you talking about? 你们在谈论什么? We talked about that subject again. 我们又谈到那个话题。
2.短语: care about 在乎 think about 考虑 hear about 听说
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while
1.连词,在句子中表示对比,相当于whereas,译作 “而”、“可是”。
eg: Lily would like to wear the same clothes, while Lucy would like to wear the different ones.
莉莉喜欢穿同样的衣服,而露茜喜欢穿不同的衣服。
2.短语: for a while 暂时,一会
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But shopping for clothes is not the same experience for men as it is for women.
但是购物对于男人和女人来说并不一样。
☆ the same...as 与...一样 eg: I have the same skirt as my sister.
其否定形式为: not the same...as 与...不一样
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That’s a waste of time.
☆ waste n. 浪费 I think that is a total waste of money. waste 其他用法: vt. 浪费;消耗;使荒芜 vi. 浪费;变消瘦;挥霍钱财 adj. 废弃的;多余的;荒芜的
☆ a waste of time 浪费时间,白费时间
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You consider shopping as a job while we see it as entertainment.
☆ consider...as 认为,把...看作 She consider him as an icy person. ☆ entertainment n.娱乐;消遣; Basketball is a cheap form of entertainment.
return

Dialogue 2
Mrs. White’s buying a bike for her daughter. S: May I help you, Madam? 1 M: Yes. I would like to buy a bike for my
daughter as a birthday gift. 2 S: What colour does she like? Red, blue or
white? M: Red, I think. S: What do you think of this one? M: It looks fine. What’s the price? 3 S: It’s 980 yuan. M: Oh, it’s too expensive. Do you have some
Next

Dialogue 2
cheaper red bikes? S: Yes, they are over there.
……
M: Oh, I like this one. It looks nice. How much is it? S: It will only cost you 490 yuan. M: That’s OK. My daughter will surely like it. S: I’m sure she will. M: Where shall I pay? S: Please pay at the cashier’s. M: Thank you very much. S: You are welcome.

1. Why does Mrs. White want to buy a 2. bike?
She wants to buy a bike for her daughter as a birthday gift. 2. What kind of bike does she like?
She likes to buy a red bike.
3. How much will she pay for her bike? 490 yuan.
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May I help you?
☆ May I help you? 我能为您做点什么吗?/ 您需要点儿什么? (商店售货员主动为顾客服务,一般以这句话
为开始。) ☆ 其他类似的表达:
What can I do for you?
Can I help you?
Is there anything I can do for you?
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I would like to buy a bike for my daughter as a birthday gift.
我想买一辆自行车给我女儿作为生日礼物。
☆ I would like to buy = I’d like to buy 意为“我想买”“我想要”,后面接物品名称。
eg: I’d like to buy some toys for my son. 我想给我儿子买些玩具。
CLOSE

What’s the price?
多少钱?
☆ 询问价格时还可以说: What’s the price of…? How much is it? How much does it cost?
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cost
1. v. 值(多少钱);花费 It will only cost you 490 yuan. This book costs me 10 dollars. cost当“花费”讲时,是指花费金钱、时间、劳力
、 精力等。不用人作主语,可带双宾语。
2. n. 费用,代价,成本;损失 The cost includes taxes. 费用中包括税金。
Next

cost

3. 区分spend, pay的用法:

? spend 当“花费”讲时,是指在某事或某物上花费时 间、精力、财力等,主语是人。 She spends a lot of money on clothes. 她花了很多钱买衣服。

? pay 当“花费”讲时,是指为买到或得到的东西付钱 。主语是人,常和介词for搭配。

I paid 100 yuan for this dress.

我买这件衣服用了100元。

return

Dialogue 3
Sally is looking for a pair of shoes for her husband. C: Hello, may I help you? S: Hi, I’m looking for a pair of men’s shoes for my
husband. C: What do you think of this pair? I have these in
brown too, would you like to have a try? S: Are they real leather or leather look? C: They are 100% real. These shoes are the latest
arrivals. S: Could you please get me a pair of shoes Next

Dialogue 3
size 41 in brown? C: Of course. S: How much are they? C: They are 500 yuan, but we can give you 10% off. S: That’s wonderful, thank you very much!

1. What kind of shoes does Sally want to 2. buy for her husband?
She wants to buy a pair of leather shoes for her husband. 2. How much does Sally pay for the shoes? 450 yuan.
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look for
1.寻找 What are you looking for? 你在寻找什么?

2. look的相关短语:

look after 照顾

look at 考虑

look forward to 期待;盼望

look around 游览;到处察看

look up 查阅

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have a try
1.试穿(戴、用等) Can I have a try? 我能试试吗?
2.其他表达:try on eg: I'd like to try on that blue coat. 我想试穿那件蓝色的大衣。
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10% off

☆ 10% off 九折
中文习惯说折扣为原价的多少,英文习惯说原价有 多少被减去。
eg: 30% off 七折 70% off 三折

☆ 其他表达:give sb. 10% discount

给予某人10%的折扣

(即:九折)

return

Dialogue 4
Anna is looking for a coat in a shop. S: May I help you, ma’am? A: Yes, thank you. I’d like to buy a coat. S: What color are you looking for? A: I need something to go with an orange skirt. S: Here’s a light green one. A: But it is a little fat. I’d like a thin one with a
high neck, if you have one. 1 S: We have this one in yellow. What size do you
take? 2 next

Dialogue 4
A: 34. Do you have that one in my size? S: Yes, here it is. A: How much is it? S: It costs 80 pounds. A: Oh, my god. That’s too expensive for me. Do
you have anything like it but cheaper? S: I’m afraid not. A: Well, I think I’ll look around some more. But I
may come back for this one. Thank you. 3 S: You are welcome.

1. What does Anna need to go with her 2. orange skirt?
She needs a coat to go with her orange skirt.
2. What size does Anna wear? 34.
3. How much is the skirt?
It’s 80 pounds.
CLOSE

go with
☆ 与……搭配,与……相配
That tie goes with your shirt. 那领带与你的衬衫相配。
☆和…一致;同意,与…看法一致
I can't go with you in that. 在那一点上我不同意你的观点。
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I’d like a thin one with a high neck
我想要一件带有高领的,修身的大衣。
☆ with 有;带有
She is a beautiful girl with blue eyes. 她是一个漂亮的碧眼女郎。 With all his wealth, he is not happy. 他很富有,但他并不快乐。 He went home with a heavy heart. 他心情沉重地回到家里。
CLOSE

What size do you take?
您穿多大尺码?
☆ 这是售货员在向顾客询问穿多大尺码的衣服或鞋子。 询问尺寸或尺码的大小,英语通常用what size。 eg: What size do you take in shoes? 你穿多大号的鞋? 但如果有比较明确的选择范围,则可用which size。 eg: Which size do you want—small, medium or large? 你要多大的——小号、中号还是大号?
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I’ll look around some more.
我会再到其他地方看看。 ☆ 这是口语中渐变的说法,可以理解为:
look around for some more shirts.
☆ look around 四下观望 The stranger looked around him with
great interest. 那陌生人怀着极大的兴趣看着他的四周。
Next

Passage 1
Shopping in Supermarkets
I know some people do grocery shopping, but I also know a lot of people who don’t like it at all! People who don’t love grocery shopping would go to supermarkets. In those large stores you can find almost everything in need to raise your family or to clean your home just in this one place.

The supermarket helps save money and time. The little corner grocery store is often more convenient. It opens to late hours when the supermarket is closed. But in the grocery store, you have to spend more on most things, because store owner can only buy a small number of cases of one product from the producer, while the supermarket chain can buy thousands of cases at a time; so the supermarket can buy cheaper and sell cheaper to you.

Sometimes, the supermarket is very crowded. There are long lines at the check-out counter. But even so, it would take us much less time to go from one 1 small shop to another. We can do the family’s shopping once a week or two or even more only in one supermarket.

1. Which one is often more convenient, the little corner grocery store or the supermarket?
The little corner grocery.

2. Why can the supermarket buy cheaper and sell cheaper?

Because the supermarket can buy thousands of cases at a time.

3. Are there many people in the

supermarket? Yes, there are.

CLOSE

in need
☆ in need 需要,在危难中,在危急中
He is in need of a rest. 他需要休息。 A friend in need is a friend indeed.(谚语) 患难见真情。
☆ 短语
in need of 需要…时 be in urgent need 急需
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raise
1. vt. 提高;筹集;养育;升起 All the students raised their hands. (举起) This book raised my interest.(唤起) I’ve raised four children.(养育)

2. vi. 上升 She raised higher and higher in the sofa.

3. n. 高地;上升;加薪 a salary raise 工资的增加

4. 短语:

raise up 举起,抬起

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thousands of
☆ 许多,无数,数以千计的,成千上万的
Thousands of students joined in the party.
☆ hundred、 thousand、 million作数词时,不用复
数,前面可以加上one, two, …等其它数词。 用作名词时复数表示“成…上…”,后面必须要有
of,前面可以加上some,many,several等词。 如:two hundred(两百), hundreds of (成百上千的)
ten thousand(一万), thousands of(成千上万的) millions of(成百万的)
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at a time

☆ at a time: 一次;每次;在某时

= each time

eg: Don’t try to do everything at once, take it a bit

at a time.

☆ time的短语

at no time 决不,从不

from time to time 有时,间或

in no time 立刻,马上

in one’s spare time在业余时间

take one’s time从容;慢慢来

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It would take us much less time to go from one small shop to another.
这可能要比从一个商店到另一个商店花费的时 间要少。
☆ 句型:It take sb. some time to do sth.
做某事花费某人多长时间
eg: It takes me two hours to finish my homework.
return

Passage 2
Shopping on the Internet
Nowadays, shopping on the Internet is becoming more and more popular. People no longer need to walk around different shops looking for what they need. Books, CDs and clothes are the things bought mostly on the Internet.

Firstly, Internet shopping makes the shopping easier. The most important is that you can shop whenever you have time because those shops are open 24 hours every day and you don’t have to walk and look around from shop to shop.
Secondly, it is easy to find what you 1 are looking for on the Internet. There are a lot of interest shops, among them you can find what you want.

Finally, it is often cheaper to buy goods through the Internet, for example, books. Some new books in Internet shops are really cheaper than those in high street bookstores.
Internet shopping is sure to change the way we buy things in the future.

1. What are sold mostly on Internet?
Books, CDs and clothes.
2. What are the benefits of Internet shopping? Firstly, Internet shopping makes the shopping easier. Secondly, it is easy to find what you are looking for on the Internet. Finally, it is often cheaper to buy goods through the Internet.

3. What does the writer think of the Internet shopping? The writer thinks that the Internet shopping is sure to change the way we buy things in the future.
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more and more
☆ more and more 越来越… 英语中表达“越来越…”用“more and
more + adj.”的结构。
more and more popular 越来越流行 more and more beautiful 越来越美丽 more and more happy 越来越开心 more and more difficult 越来越难
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no longer
☆ no longer 不再 = not … any longer 表示不再继续或再现过去某一时刻发生或存在而一直延 续的动作 / 状态时,常用于过去时、现在时或将来时的 句子中。如:
He was no longer a thief. 他不再是小偷了。 He no longer lives here. (= He doesn’t live here any longer.) 他已经不住在这里了。
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It’s easy to…
☆ It is + adj. + (for sb.) + to do sth. 做某事很… It is difficult for him to lift such a heavy box. It is important to study hard.

☆ It is not + adj. + (for sb.) + to do sth. It is not easy to pass the exam.

☆ It 在此句型结构中为形式主语,真正主语为后面的

to do sth.

It is important to study hard.

= To study hard is important.

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cheaper than
☆ cheaper than 比……便宜

Is eating out cheaper than cooking?

☆ 形容词比较级的基本用法:

1. 基本句型:A+动词+形容词比较级+than +B

2. 在形容词比较级前还可以用much, even,

3. still, a lot, a little等来修饰,表示“…得多” ,

4. “甚至…”,“仍然”,“更…”,“…一些

”,以加

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5. 强语气。

be sure to

☆ be sure to 一定;必定;无疑

be sure+不定式,表示说话人对句子主语作出

的判断,认为句子主语“必定”、“必然会” 、“准

会”如何如何。例如:

It is sure to rain.

天一定会下雨。

He is sure to have known about that.

他准会知道那件事。

End


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