四川省成都市2015届高中毕业班第一次诊断性检测英语试题及答案

成都市 2015 届高中毕业班第一次诊断性检测 英语
本试卷分选择题和非选择题两部分。第 I 卷(选择题)1至8页,第11卷(非 选择题)9至10页,共10页;满分150分,考试时间120分钟。

注意事项:
1.答题前,务必将自己的姓名、考籍号填写在答题卡规定的位置上。 2.答选择题时,必须使用 2B 铅笔将答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需 改动,用橡皮擦擦干净后,再选涂其它答案标号。 3.答非选择题时,必须使用 0.5 毫米黑色签字笔,将答案书写在答题卡规定 的位置上, 4.所有题口必须在答题卡上作答,在试题卷上答题无效。 5.考试结束后,只将答题卡交回。 第 I 卷(选择题,共 90 分) 第一部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节语法和词汇知识(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分.满分 10 分) 从 A, B, C,1)四个选项中,选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卜上 将该选项涂黑。 1.--Excuse me,have you got the time? --__________ A. Not at all. B. It's ten to five. C. Yes,I'm free now. D. What's wrong? 2.It`s probable that rockets__about 2000 years ago in China. A. were dated from B. dated from C. are dated from D. date from 3.Gone are the days_we spent time fishing and swimming in the unpolluted river. A. that B. when C. what D. where 4. The discovery of gold in the west made many Americans believe that a fortune_. A. would made B. is made C. was to be made D. has made 5. Now that you`ve fallen behind·___needs to be done so that you can catch up. A. few B. many C. little D. much 6 .By shaking hands,people communicate a message___they trust each other. A. which B. what C. whether D . that 7. In his teens,Charles Dickens lived a poor life,which___have contributed to his later writing. A. can B. must C. should D. need 8. Typically,problems arise___caution is absent. A. which B. what C. where D. that 9 .Square dancing,___as a way to relax and exercise by some people,has brought about lots of arguments.

A. seen B. to see C. to be seen D . seeing 10. All football fans____ the Gerrrvans`final victory in the 2014 World Cup this August. A. witnessed B. have witnessed C. are witnessing D. would witness 第二节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A,13,C 和 D)中,选出可以 填人空白处 的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 Roland,a carpenter in Virginia,and Sheila had three kids 一 two boys and one baby Jessica. The baby had been in and out of 11 for the last year because of several diseases. She was very weak and sick. The doctors were not 12 that she would live another year. Taking care of Jessica was so costly that the family felt it hard to 13 it. Things were had. Roland saw no 14 at the end of this tunnel. Then he saw a(n) 15 in the newspaper:“Security guards and contract workers 16 .$100, 000 a year. First$80,000 tax free.$20,000 17 for extending contract an extra year.”He called the number. The 18 was busy,but he kept calling and finally got through. He 19 that the jobs were all taken,but they told him plenty of jobs were 20 ,available. They said,hey would give him two weeks of 21 in Texas. Then they would fly him to Iraq for his jot). Roland told Sheila lie had to 22 this job. He knew it was dangerous;he might get injured or killed,but the money was only too 23 .Plus the family would have full medical benefits·which would enable the baby to get the 24 she needed. Roland said if he 25 the first year,he would probably 26 for the bonus and a second year. But Sheila was worried. She asked,“What if you get killed?What are we going to do 27 you?” “You can't think like that,honey,”he said.“You've got to be 28 .Think about how well off we'll be in two or three 29 after I bring back all that money. This is the best thing I can do for this 30 Sheila hugged him and sobbed.“I don’t want you to go.” 11. A. bed B. hospital C. sight D. time 12. A. confident B aware C.. worried D . surprised 13. A. count B. afford C. put D. face 14. A. sign B. traffic C.train D. light 15. A. advertisement B. article C. picture D. job

16. A. wanted B. employed C. found D. offered 17. A. income B. salary C. Bonus D. tax 18. A. line B. telephone C. interviewer D. operator 19. A. believed B. feared C. hoped D. knew 20. A. almost B. hardly C. still D. even 21. A. thinking B. training C. holiday D. salary 22. A. take B. keep C. refuse D. offer 23. A. much B. touching C. hard D. inviting 24. A. money B. care C. schooling D. food 25. A. held B. failed C. survived D. died 26. A. hang on B. move on C. sign up D. end up 27. A. for B. beyond C. with D. without 28. A. diligent B. independent C. careful D. positive 29. A. years B. seasons C. months D. weeks 30. A. purpose B. reason C. family D. country 第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A,B,C 和 D)中,选出最 佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该选项涂黑。(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) A The positions listed below are currently being advertised.

Application Process Applicants are asked to download and complete the application form and return either by post to HR Department,Eton College ‘Windsor,Berkshire 6DJ or by email to recruitmentL:(etoncollege.org.uk Personal submission(提交)isn't allowed. Applicants can also download the application form from the Eton College website by clicking the link below: http://www.etoncollege.com/ Support Sta f rVacancies

31.What is really necessary for the position of a gardener A. Previous working experience. B. Required PA1 and PA2 licenses. C. Knowledge of using office soft wares. D. Working hours from 7 am to .4 pm. 32. A(n)_____will be required to work the longest hours per week. A. cleaner B. gardener C. chef D. administrator 33. How can an applicant return the application form A. In person. B. By post only. C. By email only. D. By post or email. 34. This passage is most likely to be read____. A. on a website B. on a notice board C. in a phone book D. in a local newspaper

B After nearly 50 years of separation,an elderly woman has been reunited with the family that she feared was lost to her forever. Celestine Thompson left Mississippi when she was 14 years old and eventually settled in New York,where she spent more than 30 years of her life,according to WLOX 13 News. After surviving a fire in 1992, Thompson was in a coma(昏迷)for two years and has since experienced memory loss. The 90-year-old found it difficult to recall details about her family. But later she remembered the name of her nephew Clarence Woodway. Then another woman who knows Thompson in Mississippi was able to track Woodway down and help reunite Thompson with her large family. “In our minds,my brother and I were talking that she wasn’t here anymore,because we hadn’t heard from her for a very long time,”Donald Davis,another one of Thompson`s nephews,told the media.“You know,we were overjoyed when we found out that we had gotten in contact with her.” A few of Thompson`s relatives visited her in New York,and then arranged a larger reunion which was held this past Saturday in Gulfport,Mississippi,the Associated Press reported. Thompson now lives in Greensboro,Alabama,with a caretaker,and, although she is yet to meet them all,she has regained quite a sizeable family of 23 nieces and nephews,64 grand nieces and nephews,66 great-grand nieces and nephews and 34 great-great-grand nieces and nephews,according to the Associated Press. 35. What can we know about Thompson? A. She suffered memory loss and forgot everything about herself.

B. She`s lost contact with her family since she left her hometown. C. She had a larger reunion with her family members in Mississippi. D. She lives with a caretaker and her relatives in Alabama at present. 36. Who helped Thompson get contact with her family? A. People from WLOX 13 News. B. A woman who knows her. C. The Associated Press. D. The caretaker she's living with. 37. How many generations are there in Thompson`s large family? A. "Three. B. Four. C. Five. D. Six. 38. What can we learn from Thompson`s story? A. Great hopes make a great woman. B. Time and tide wait for no man. C. Misfortune will tell what fortune is. D. Life wonders can really take place. C Summer time is in full swing,which for many kids means being happily removed from the classroom strictness and the stress of daily homework. But as kids and parents enjoy their well-deserved break from school work,we can all take a more active role in ensuring their minds don’t simply melt away into a mess of video games,texting and social media. Summer is the perfect time to encourage children to read. A recent study,conducted by Common Sense Media,has found that the older kids get,the less likely they are to read for pleasure. There has been a drop in reading among all kids,especially adolescents over time. And reading for fun drops off dramatically as children grow. The study found that more than half of all nine-year-olds read daily for fun. But those numbers drop to just 27 percent among 13-year-olds and even lower for older teens. In 1984,31 percent of 17-year-olds said they read every day for pleasure. But that number has dropped to a disturbing 19 percent today. It`s not just the kids who are reading less. Parents also read to their children less than ever. A recent survey shows this busier generation of parents read to their children just an average of 30 minutes per day- down from an average of 45 minutes per day in 1999. In today`s world,there are more distractions for children,and reading doesn`t always stand high on that list. Part of the decline is surely due to the technology impact on children. But the digital revolution also means opportunity. There are more platforms than ever for

children to read:from tablets to e-Readers. In this brave new world,we must find more creative ways to engage our kids and ensure that we are raising a new generation of readers. 39. One of the main reasons why children read less is that_. A. their reading proficiency is declining B. they are faced with the homework stress C. parents are too busy to read to them D. books written for them are not attractive 40. How did the author describe the decline of reading in Paragraph 4? A. By listing figures. B. By giving examples. C. By conducting a survey. D. By telling a story. 41.What does the last paragraph imply? A. Digital revolution can benefit people`s reading habits. B. It is easier for children to be influenced by technology. C. Tablets and e-Readers are really bad reading platforms. D. Distractions must be removed to improve children`s reading. 42. The author`s purpose of writing this passage is to_. A. explain why kids don’t like reading B. emphasize the importance of reading C. give tips on how to help children read 1). remind adults of their children`s reading D While Sat-navy may be good for getting from A to B in a hurry, the technology is unhelpful at selecting the prettiest routes(路线),which may be of interest it you are not in a rush. But Yahoo is working on an aesthetically(美学上)focused solution and is creating a program that can pick out the most beautiful and pleasurable routes based upon the views of locals. Ms. Quercia at Yahoo ,aid:“The goal of this work is t。)automatically suggest routes that are not only short but also emotionally pleasant.” In order to create the scenic route program,the computer scientists collected images from Google Street View to create a database for central London,Gizmodo reported. They then asked 3,300 Londoners how pleasant the places and neighborhoods were relative to each other. Users saw two places side by side and chose the more attractive one. “We arranged those places into a graph upon which we learned pleasant routes,”Ms. Quercia explained. The team used the results to make heat maps of beautiful parts of London and generated a program to locate the most attractive walking routes.

The program does this by searching through suggested routes from one place to another,operating the path to choose the most attractive roads. The researchers said that routes tend to be 12 per cent longer than the shortest paths. When 30 volunteers tested their‘attractive’routes,they confirmed that they were indeed more pleasing. “Based on a quantitative confirmation.we find that,compared to the shortest routes,the recommended ones add just a few more walking minutes but are indeed more beautiful,quiet and happy,”they wrote. To test and build on the idea,the computer scientists then examined almost 4 million images on Flickr covering specific places in London that they had already mapped,to understand what is considered beautiful. Knocking out the crowd-sourcing element(要素)of the process, they repeated the Flickr process to make a new map of central London, showing the exact position of the hot spots and routes of beauty. While one person’s idea of beauty may differ from another,the computer scientists hope to develop an application with their program soon. 43. The underlined word "Sat-navy" probably refers to a(n)_. A. route B. program C. image D. experiment 44. Which of the following is the right order of creating the program?

A.③④②①⑤ B.③②①⑤④ C.④②③①⑤D.④②③⑤①、 45. Which is true about the route recommended by the new program A. It`s much shorter but less pleasant. B. It`s much shorter and more pleasant. C. It`s a little longer but more pleasant. D. It`s of the same length but more pleasant. 46. By examining the images on Flickr,the computer scientists wanted to A. B. C. D. test a new application program make a new map of central London knock out the crowd-sourcing element find out what is generally believed to beautiful #p#

E The new robot guides at a Tokyo museum look so strangely human and speak so

smoothly that they almost outdo people. Japanese robotics expert Ishiguro says they will be useful for research on how people interact with robots and on how humans are different from machines“Making robots is about exploring what it means to be human,”he says,“examining the question of what is emotion,what is awareness,what is thinking.” In a demonstration,the remote-controlled machines moved their pink lips in time to a voice-over.twitched their eyebrows,blinked and swayed their heads from side to side.They stayed seated but could move their hands. In a clear triumph, Kodomoroid read the news without stumbling (结巴)once and recited complex tongue-twisters. The robot,designed with a girlish appearance,can use a variety of voices,such as a deep male voice one minute and a soft girly voice the next. The speech can he input by text,giving them perfect pronunciation,according to Ishiguro. There were some faults(缺陷)一 such as the lips not moving at all while the robot spoke.or the Otonaroid announcer robot staying silent twice when asked to introduce itself. But faults are common with robots because they are delicate and sensitive to their environment. Kodomoroid and the woman robot Otonaroid were joined at the demonstration by the minimally designed Telenoid,a man-like head with pointed arms that serves as a lovely companion. The two!ife-size robots,which have si!icon skin and artificial muscles, will be on display starting Wednesday,at a science museum in Tokyo, allowing the public to interact with them extensively. Reflecting widespread opinion,Ishiguro said that Japan leads the world in playful companion robots,while admitting it’s still behind America in military robots. Developing robots for more than 20 years,Ishiguro has made a point of creating robots that resemble the human appearance,including creatures that look like him. He has sent them to give overseas lectures. 47. The underlined word.“they” in Paragraph 2 refers to_. A. the Japanese B. human beings C. the robot guides D. robotics experts 48. What fault was found with the robots A. They twitched their eyebrows and blinked. B. They stumbled and recited tongue twisters. C. "They stayed seated but moved their hands. D. They spoke but their lips didn’t move. 49. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage A. Ishiguro has designed robots to replace him. B. Japan leads the world in making military robots. C. Tokyo offers the public a chance to interact with robots. D. Kodomoroid has been designed with a male appearance.

50. Which of the following is the best title of the passage A. Human-like Robots. B. Research on Robots. C. The Development of Robots. 1). The Future of Robots. 第二节对话理解 根据对话内容,从对话后的选项中选出能填人空白处的最佳选项,并将答 案写到答题卡 相应的位置上。选项中有两项多余选项。(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) Tom:Hello,Cathy. 51 Cathy:Hi,Tom. I just want to stay at home. Tom:How about going to see a movie Cathy: 52 Tom:But going to movies is a better way to get relaxed. Cathy: 53 Tom:Maybe we can go out to eat first. Kathy:Yeah. I think so. Tom:I know pizza is your favorite. Let’s meet at the Pizza Hot. They’ve just come out with a new pizza. Kathy:OK 54 Tom:Well,since the movie begins at 1:30 pm.,let’s meet at 11:30 am at the Pizza Hot. Kathy:55 .If so,we can have plenty of time to enjoy the pizza.

第 II 卷(非选择题,共 60 分) 第三部分写作(共三节,满分 60 分) 第一节阅读表达(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文并回答问题,然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上(请注意 每题词数要求)。 My name is Maria. I left university with a good degree in English Literature,but no sense of what I wanted to do. Over the next six years,I was trying to earn an income. I tried journalism,but I didn't think I

was any good,then finance,which I hated. Finally,I got a job as a rights assistant at a famous publisher. When I had enough savings to take a year off work,I decided to try to satisfy a deep-down wish to write a novel. Attending a Novel Writing MA course gave me the structure(构思)of writing my first 55,000 words. It takes confidence to make a new start 一 there’s a dark period inbetween where you’re neither one thing nor the other. You’re out for dinner and people ask what you do,and you`re too ashamed to say,“Well,I’m writing a novel,but I’m not quite sure if I`m going to get there.”My confidence dived. Believing my novel could not be published,I put it aside. Then I met an agent who said I should send my novel out to agents. So,I did and,to my surprise,got some wonderful feedback. I felt a little hope that I might actually become a published writer and,after signing with an agent,I finished the second half of the novel. The next problem was finding a publisher. After two-and-a-half years of no income,just waiting and wondering,a publisher offered me a book deal-that publisher turned out to be the one I once worked for. It feels like an unbelievable stroke of luck. When you set out to do something different,there’s no end in sight,so to find myself in a position where I now have my own name on a contract(合同)of the publisher is unbelievably rewarding. 56. What did the author try before writing a novel(No more than 5 words) 57. How did the author get the structure of writing her first novel?(No more than 7 words) 58. What does it take to make a new start(No more than 1 word) 59. Who helped the author get out of the dark period(No more than 2 words) 60. Why did the author think her efforts to write a novel rewarding?(No more than 8 words) 第二节短文改错(共 10 小题海小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分。将答案写到答题卡相应 的位置上) 下文中共有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单 词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(八),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每句不超过两个错误; 2.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 3.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

It is reported that lours and shops in a small town were struck by a flood on last Wednesday. It had rained for four days while the river finally flowed over its banks and flood the town. Hundred of residents left their homes as the water flowed down the streets and into their house.,, Fortunate, no one was killed in the flood and it caused a lot of damage and many people became homeless. Two farms near the river was destroyed. Rescue workers managed reach the people there by boat. It’s the pity that many farm animals dead as the water rose. 第三节书面表达(满分 35 分,将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上) 某中学生英文报近期开辟专栏,讨论班干部与同学关系问题。请你按以下 提示,为该报 写一篇英文稿件。 1.班干部的重要性及主要职责; 2.班干部与其他同学可能会产生冲突; 3.产生冲突的原因(三点); 4.你对避免冲突的建议。 注意:1.词数 120 左右; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.文中不能出现考生的真实姓名和学校名称。 参考词汇:班干部 class cadres 冲突 conflict


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