高三英语一轮语法专题复习---定语从句练习

高三一轮语法专题复习训练---定语从句
一.单句填空 (1)
1.I admire my English teacher. I can remember very few occasions__________she stopped working because of ill health. 2.She and her family bicycle to work, __________helps them keep fit. 3.Tai chi,_____________ is famous as a kind of martial art, has been practiced in China for centuries. 4.This is the best film_________ I have seen. 5.How many students are there in our class _________homes are very far? 6.Much to his disappointment, the suggestion he ________ ________ was turned down at the meeting.(提出) 7.We live in an age ________ the information is more than before. 8.It’s helpful to put children in a situation__________they can see themselves differently. 9.I find it difficult to cooperate with those __________always stick to their own opinions. 10.The suit __________the tailor made for me doesn't fit me. 11.China Today attracts a worldwide readership,__________shows that more and more people all over the world want to learn about China. 12.The books on the desk,__________ covers are shiny, are prizes for us. 13.I borrowed the book sherlock Holmes from the library last week, __________ my classmates recommended to me. 14.He wrote many children’s books,nearly half of__________were published in the 1990s.
(2) 1.We are currently living in a world ___________ rapid advances in medicine and technology influence our lives on a regular basis. 2.Another custom is soaking laba garlic(蒜),___________ is the best seasoning(调 味品)for the dumpling feast at the Spring Festival. 3.When you get stressed, one of the first things ____________ happen is that blood pressure rises. 4.The self-driving field is an area _______________ China and the rest of the world are on the same starting line. 5.The best part of vocabulary-built process is that there’s enough room, ___________ means you’ll just keep getting better and better. 6.Look at everything as if it were new. Look at all __________ you own as if you just bought or received them today. Don’t take what you have for granted. 7.I have two candidates for this job, both of ____________ would be great additions to our department. 8.Last month,part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods,from ___________ the people are still suffering. 9.In the dark street,there wasn’t a single person ____________ whom she could turn for help. 10.Much to his disappointment, the suggestion he ________ ________ was turned down at the meeting.(提出) 11.Can you lend me the novel __________you read the other day?

12.Your speech was heard by a group of judges, all of ____________ agreed that it was the best one this year. 13.When deeply absorbed in work, __________he often was, he would forget all about eating and sleeping. 14.Li Hua made some foreign friends in the summer camp,__________, just like himself, are interested in the world history. 15.This machine, __________I have looked after for many years, is still working perfectly. 16.The 1960s was a period__________greater opportunities were open to women. 17.On the top of the hill (stand) a temple the old man once lived. 二.单句改错
(1)
1.I am afraid that you will have to wait until next week, that we’ll be less busy.
2.He may win the competition, in that case he is likely to get into the national team.
3.This is the room, the roof of whom is red.
4.Frederick William I , whom the amber room belonged, decided not to keep it.
5.He often tells us about the role he played in the play,that made others upset.
6.There are three libraries in our school,two of them were built five years ago. 7.Pisa is a city,that there is a leaning tower(斜塔).
8.As you know it, the quake happened forty years ago.
9.The USA is a large country which many different dialects are spoken.
10.The people who homes were destroyed by the earthquake have lived in the new
buildings.
11.I often think of the moment which I first saw her.
12.This is the theatre which we’ll visit a well-known pianist.
13.I can’t believe the reason why she explained to me.
14.The book I’m reading of talks about afternoon tea in Britain.
15.This is a story about a girl which name is Liu Hulan (2)
1.In the company of the guide, we paid a visit to the Potala Palace, that we bought
some brilliant souvenirs.
2.Some of the columns that you mentioned them in your last letter are really my cup
of tea.
3.Finally,we agreed that it would be decided by my dad, whom didn't return home
from work.
4.After that, we held an activity in the nearby community, where offered the
American students an opportunity to know more about China.

5.The CCTV program, People Who Moved China ,honors those who contributions should be remembered. 6.If you have taken Chinese lessons, you must be familiar with Confucius, he said qigong provides a means to become a “junzi (gentleman)” through awareness of morality. 7.I won’t forget the days when we spent together no matter where we are in the future. 8.He often tells us about the role he played in the play,that made others upset. 9.I can think of many cases that students knew quite a few English words but couldn’t write a good essay. 10.I have invited more than one hundred friends to the party, most of them are from abroad. 11.After graduation she reached a point in her career why she needed to decide what to do.

参考答案
一.
(1) 1.答案:when 解析:句意:我很钦佩我的英语老师,我记得她很少有因为生病而停止工作的时候。考查定语 从句。分析句子成分可知,occasions 为先行词,关系词在从句中作时间状语,故填 when。 2.答案:which 解析:句意:她和家人骑自行车去上班,这有助于他们保持健康。逗号之后的从句为非限制性 定语从句,所填关系代词在从句中作主语并代指主句内容,只能填入 which。 3.答案:which 解析:句意为:太极拳,作为一种武术形式而著称,已经在中国被练习了几个世纪了。分析句 子结构可知,此处是引导非限制性定语从句的引导词,先行词为 Tai chi,指物,关系词在从句中 作主语,故应用 which 引导该从句。
4.that 5.whose 6.put forward 7.when 8.答案:where 解析:句意:让孩子置身于一个能够从不同的角度审视自己的环境中是有好处的。所填词引 导定语从句并在从句中作状语,先行词表示地点,故用 where。 9.答案:who 10.答案:which/that 11.答案:which 解析:句意:《今日中国》吸引了世界范围的读者群,这显示世界上越来越多的人想了解中 国。本空所在句为非限制性定语从句,从句中缺主语,指代整个主句,故应用 which 来引导定 语从句。
12.答案:whose 解析:考査定语从句。句意:桌上的书是给我们的奖励,那些书的封面闪闪发光。本题考查非 限制性定语从句的关系词,先行词为 the books,和 covers 之间是所属关系,故用 whose。 13.答案:which 解析:句意:我上周从图书馆借了《夏洛克?福尔摩斯》这本书,这是我的同学推荐给我的。 本题考查非限制性定语从句。先行词为 the book,从句中 recommended 后缺少宾语成分,故用 关系代词 which 引导。 14.答案:which 解析:句意:他写了许多儿童读物,几乎一半是在 20 世纪 90 年代出版的。分析句子结构可知, 该题是非限制性定语从句,先行词是 books,所以填 which。 15.答案:when 解析:考查非限制性定语从句。when 引导非限制性定语从句,同时在从句中充当状语,意为 “在那时”。句意:恐怕你得等到下一个星期,那时我们就不这么忙了。
(2) 1.答案:where 解析:考查定语从句。分析句子结构可以发现,空格前是主句,空格处引导定语从句,修饰先 行词 world,在从句中作地点状语,故用 where。 2.答案:which 解析:句意:另一个习俗是腌腊八蒜,它是春节饺子宴的最佳调味品。空格处引导非限制性定 语从句,修饰先行词 laba garlic(蒜),在从句中作主语,故只能用 which。 3.答案:that 解析:定语从句修饰先行词 things,关系词在定语从句中作主语。因为先行词被序数词 the first 修饰,故用 that 引导。 4.答案:where 解析:句意:自动驾驶是中国和世界其他国家处于同一起跑线上的一个领域。空格处引导限 制性定语从句,修饰先行词 area,在从句中作状语,故填入 where。 5.答案:which

解析:句意:词汇构建过程中最好的部分是有足够的(进步)空间,这意味着你会学得越来越 好。" means you’ll just keep getting better and better"部分是非限制性定语从句修饰整个主句, 空格处在从句中作主语,故填入 which。 6.答案:that 解析: "__________ you own"是定语从句修饰不定代词 all,空格处在定语从句中作宾语,故用 that。 7.答案:whom 解析:两个句子之间需要一个起连接作用的词,故空格处填入关系代词引导定语从句。空格 处在介词 of 后作宾语, 指代先行词 candidates,因此用 whom。 8.答案:which 解析:非限制性定语从句修饰先行词 floods,空格处应填入关系词。关系词在介词 from 后作 宾语,指物,故填入 which。 9.答案:to 解析:定语从句中使用了固定短语"turn to sb. for help",意为"向某人求助”。根据 固定短语的搭配可知应用介词 to。 10.答案:put forward 11.答案:which/that 12.答案:whom 解析:先行词为 judges,指人,因关系代词在介词后,故用宾格形式 whom。 13.答案:which 解析:句意:他常常聚精会神地工作,这时他会废寝忘食,which 引导非限制性定语从句时,可 代指整个主句的内容,也可代指主句的一部分内容。本题中,which 代指 deeply absorbed in work,并在从句中作表语,that 无此用法。 14.答案:who 15.答案:which 16.答案:when 17.答案: stands; where 解析: 第一空考查全部倒装,主谓颠倒,主语是 a temple,故谓语用单数,第二空考查定语从句, 先行词表地点,且从句中不缺主语和宾语,故填 where。句意:山顶上有一座庙,庙里曾住着一 位老人。
二.1。答案: that 改为 which 解析: 考查非限制生定语从句。句意:他可能会赢得这场比赛。如果那样的话,他就有可能 进国家队了。"He may win the competition"为主句,其余为从句。in that case 不能起到连接定 语从句的作用,应用 in which case 连接。
2.答案:This is the room, the roof of whom is red. which
3.答案:Frederick William I , to whom the amber room belonged, decided not to keep it.
4.答案:that→which 5.答案:them→which 或在 two 前加 and 6.答案:that→where 7.答案: As you know it, the quake happened forty years ago.
8.答案:The USA is a large country in which many different dialects are spoken.
9.答案: The people who homes were destroyed by the earthquake have lived in the new whose
buildings.
10.答案:I often think of the moment which I first saw her. when
11.答案:This is the theatre which we’ll visit a well-known pianist. where

12.答案:I can’t believe the reason

why

she explained to me.

that / which

13.答案:The book I’m reading of talks about afternoon tea in Britain.

解析:句意:我正在读的这本书谈论的是英国的下午茶. read 是及物动词,且 I’m reading 是省

略关系词的定语从句,of 是多余词汇, 故应去掉.

14.答案:This is a story about a girl which name is Liu Hulan whose

(2)

1.答案:In the company of the guide, we paid a visit to the Potala Palace, that we bought where

some brilliant souvenirs. 解析: that→where 句意:在导游的陪同下,我们参观了布达拉宫, 在那儿买了一些很棒的

纪念品。非限制性定语从句修饰先行词 the Potala Palace,关系词在定语从句中作地点状语,

故用 where 引导。

2.答案:Some of the columns that you mentioned them in your last letter are really my cup of tea.

解析: 删掉 them 此定语从句中关系词 that 指代先行词 columns,不能再用代词 them 重复

指代,故把 them 删掉。

3.答案:Finally,we agreed that it would be decided by my dad, whom didn't return home from who

work.解析: whom→who 关系词在非限制性定语从句中作主语,指代 my dad,故用 who。

4.答案:After that, we held an activity in the nearby community, where offered the American which

students an opportunity to know more about China.

解析: where→which 非限制性定语从句中关系词作主语,指代先行词 an activity,故应用

which。

5.答案:The CCTV program, People Who Moved China, honors those who contributions whose

should be remembered. 解析: who→whose 限制性定语从句中关系词作定语,指代先行词 those,故应用 whose。

6.答案:If you have taken Chinese lessons, you must be familiar with Confucius, he said who

qigong provides a means to become a “junzi (gentleman)” through awareness of morality.

解析: he→who 根据句子结构知识可知,you must be familiar with Confucius 与 he said

qigong provides a means to become a "junzi( gentleman) " through awareness of morality 之间应

该有一个起连接作用的词,故后一部分应该是定语从句,修饰先行词 Confucius,故把代词

he 改为关系代词 who,引导定语从句且在从句中作主语。

7.答案:I won’t forget the days

when
/when we spent together no matter where we are in

that / which

the future.

解析: when→that/ which 或删掉 when 句意:无论将来我们身处何方,我都不会忘记我们在

一起度过的那些日子。定语从句修饰先行词 the days,且关系词在定语从句中作 spent 的宾

语,故用 that 或 which 引导定语从句,或省略作宾语的关系代词。

8.答案:that→which

9.答案:I can think of many cases that students knew quite a few English words but couldn’t where

write a good essay. 10.答案:I have invited more than one hundred friends to the party, most of whom are from

abroad.

11.答案: After graduation she reached a point in her career do.

she needed to decide what to


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