新目标人教版九年级英语上册第四单元unit4复习课件-PPT课件_图文

制作人:CM

知识点总结一:
? 1. if 引导的非真实性条件状语从句 即 虚拟语气 通过动词形式的变化来表示说话人对发生的动作或存在的状态 所持的态度或看法的动词形式称为语气,虚拟语气表示说话人所说的 话不是事实,而是一种祝愿,建议或是与事实相反的假设等。 If 引导的条件状语从句分为真实和非真实条件句,非真实条件 句应用虚拟语气。如果要表示与现在或将来事实相反时,其虚拟语气结构为: 句 型 条件从句 主 句 谓语动词形式 动词过去式(be动词用were) would+动词原形

即:(从句)if +主语+动词过去式(be 动词用were),
(主句) 主语+would+动词原形 过去将来时 如:If I had time, I would go for a walk.

一般过去时

如果我有时间,我就会去散步。(事实上我现在没有时间) take an umbrella. 假如我是你的话,我会带上雨伞。(事实上我不是你)

If I were you, I would

I would say no if someone asked me to be in a movie. 假如有人请我当电影演员, 我会表示拒绝。(事实上瑞没有人请我当电影演员)

词组重点解析:
? ? ? 1. pretend to do sth. 假装做某事 I pretended to sleep just now. pretend +从句 假装… I pretended that I fell asleep. 2. be late for 迟到 如: ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 4. still 仍然,还 用在be动词之后,行为动词之前 如 : I am still a student.我仍然是个学生 I still love him.我仍然爱他。 5. hundred, thousand , million, billion (十亿)词前 面有数词或several 一词时要不能加s ,反之,则要加s 并与of 连用, 表示数量很 多 如:several hundred/ thousand/ million/ billion people 几百/千/百万/十亿人 hundreds of trees 上百棵树 6. what if + 从句 如果…怎么办 , 要是… 又怎么 样 如: What if she doesn’t come? 要是她不来怎么办? What if LiLei knows? 如果李雷知道了怎么办? 7. add sth. to sth. 添加…到… 如: I added some sugar to water. 我把糖添加到水里。 8. 系动词与形容词连用 feel shy 觉得害羞 get nervous 变得紧张 look friendly 看起来友好

?
? ? ?

I am late for work/ school/ class/ party.
3. a few 与 a little 的区别,few 与 little 的区别 ⑴ a few 一些 义 修饰可数名词 两者表肯定意 a little 一些 修饰不可数名词

? ? ? ? 义

如:He has a few friends. 他有一些朋友。 There is a little sugar in the bottle. 在瓶子里 有一些糖。 ⑵ few 少数的 修饰可数名词 little 少数的 修饰不可数名词 但两者表否定意

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如:He has few friends. 他没有几个朋友。
There is little sugar in the bottle.在瓶子里没 有多少糖。 ? ?

词组解析:
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 10. too +形/副+to do sth. 太…而不能 如: I’m too tired to stand. 我太累了而不能站。 11. help with sth. 如:They help with this problem. help sb. do. 如:They help you relax. 他们帮助你放松 12. in public 在公共场所 如: Don’t smoke in public. 请不要在公共场所吸烟。 13. energetic adj. 活力的 如:She is a energetic girl. 她是一个活力的女孩。 energy n. 活力 如:She has lots of energies. 她有活力。 14. ask sb. to do 叫…做某事 ask sb. not to do sth.叫…不要做某事

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tell sb. to do 告诉…做某事
tell sb. not to do sth. 告诉…不要做某事 如:Teacher asked me to clean the classroom. Teacher asked me not to clean the classroom. 15. start doing == start to do. 开始做某事 如:

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He started speaking/ to speak. 他开始说话。
16. borrow sth. from sb. 从某人那里借来某物 如: I borrowed a book from Lily. 我从莉莉那里借来一本书。

词组解析:
? 17.wait for sb.等某人 如:I am wait for him. 我正在等他。 ? 18. introduce sb. to sb. 把某人介绍给某人 如: ? ? I introduced Lily to Anna. 我把莉莉介绍给安娜。 Lily invited me to go to her home for supper. 莉莉邀请我去她家吃晚饭。

? 19. invite sb. to do 邀请某人做某事 如:
? 20. have dinner/ supper 吃晚饭 ? have lunch/ breakfast 吃午餐、吃早餐 ? 21. plenty of 修饰不可数名词,也可以修饰可数名词 许多 如: ? They have plenty of food/ apples. 他们有许多的食物/苹果。 ? 22. 给某人某物 give sth. to sb. 如: give an apple to me

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?

give sb. sth.

give me an apple 给我一个苹果

? 23. get along with sb. 与…相处 如: Do you get along well with your friends? 你和你的朋友相处得好吗?

词组语法解析:
? 24. would rather do sth. than do sth. 表示愿做某事而不愿做某事 如: ? I would rather walk than run. 26. in fact 事实上 ? 25. whole 整个 ?

? 27. let sb. down 让某人失望 如: Don’t let your mother down. 不要让你的妈妈失望。 ? 28. come up with sth. 提出 想出 如:He came up with a good idea. 他提出了一个 好主意。 ? ? catch up with sb. 追上 赶上 如: Lily caught up with Anna. 莉莉赶上了安娜。 ? 29. have experience doing 在做某事有经验 如: I have experience teaching Chinese. 我在教英语方面有经验。 ? 30. come out 出版,出来 如:The magazine comes out once a week. 这种杂志每 周出一次。 ? 31. by accident 偶然地,无意之中 如: ? Last week I cut my finger by accident. 上个星期我不小心割到自己的手指。 ? 32. hurry to do 匆忙… I hurry to call the police. 33. more than 超过

特殊重点:
? 34. offer sb. sth. 给某人提供某物 ? 宾语从句 ? 宾语从句在复合句中作主句的宾语。

? 由连接词+ 主语+ 谓语 构成
常由下面的一些词引导: ? 一由that 引导 表示陈述意义 that 可省略

?

He says (that) he is at home. 他说他在家里。

? 二由if , whether 引导 表示 一般疑问意义(带有是否、已 否、对否等) ? I don’t know if / whether Wei Hua likes fish. ? 我不知道韦华是否喜欢鱼。 ? 三由 连接代词、连接副词(疑问词) 引导 表示特殊疑问意

单元语法重点:
? 1. if 引导的非真实性条件状语从句 即 虚拟语气 ? 通过动词形式的变化来表示说话人对发生的动作或存在的状态,所持的 态度或看法的动词形式称为语气,虚拟语气表示说话人所说的话不是事实, 而是一种祝愿,建议或是与事实相反的假设等。If 引导的条件状语从句分为 真实和非真实条件句,非真实条件句应用虚拟语气。如果要表示与现在或将 来事实相反时,其虚拟语气结构为: ? 句 型 条件从句 主 句 ? 谓语动词形式 动词过去式(be动词用were) would+动词原形 ? 即(从句)if +主语+动词过去式(be 动词用were), 一般过去时 (主句) 主语 +would+动词原形 过去将来时 ? 如:If I had time, I would go for a walk. ? 如果我有时间,我就会去散步。(事实上我现在没有时间) ? If I were you, I would take an umbrella. ? 假如我是你的话,我会带上雨伞。(事实上我不是你) ? I would say no if someone asked me to be in a movie. 假如有人请我当 电影演员,我会表示拒绝。(事实上瑞没有人请我当电影演员)

单元语法重点:
? 2 give sb sth=give sth to sb ? 类似的词还有:pass、lend、show、write、send等 ? ②buy sb sth=buy sth for sb ? 类似的词还有:make、draw、cook等 ? 3 give it to charity 把它捐给慈善机构 ? 4、medical research 医学研究

? 5. be late for 迟到 如:
? I am late for work/ school/ class/ party.

? 2. pretend to do sth. 假装做某事 I pretended to sleep just now.
? pretend +从句 假装… I pretended that I fell asleep.

单元语法重点:
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 7. hundred, thousand , million, billion (十亿)词前面有数词或several 一词时要不能加s ,反之,则要加s 并与of 连用, 表示数量很 多 如:several hundred/ thousand/ million/ billion people 几百/千/百万/十亿人 hundreds of trees 上百棵树 8. what if + 从句 如果…怎么办 , 要是… 又怎么样 如: What if she doesn’t come? 要是她不来怎么办? What if LiLei knows? 如果李雷知道了怎么办? 8. add sth. to sth. 添加…到… 如: I added some sugar to water. 我把糖添加到水里。 9. 系动词与形容词连用 get nervous 变得紧张 look friendly 看起来友好 feel shy 觉得害羞

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? ? ? ?

10. too +形/副+to do sth. 太…而不能 如:
I’m too tired to stand. 我太累了而不能站。 11. help with sth. 如:They help with this problem. help sb. do. 如:They help you relax. 他们帮助你放松 12、before 引导一个句子,为连词。后跟短语或名词等,则为介词。

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12. in public 在公共场所 如:
Don’t smoke in public. 请不要在公共场所吸烟。 13. energetic adj. 活力的 如:She is an energetic girl. 她是一个活力的女孩。 energy n. 活力 如:She has lots of energies. 她有活力。

单元语法重点:
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 14. ask sb. to do 叫…做某事 ask sb. not to do sth.叫…不要做某事 tell sb. to do 告诉…做某事 tell sb. not to do sth. 告诉…不要做某事 如:Teacher asked me to clean the classroom. Teacher asked me not to clean the classroom. 15. start doing == start to do. 开始做某事 如: He started speaking/ to speak. 他开始说话。 16. What does/do ×× look like? 问相貌。 What’s ×× like? 问“品质性格”。

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17.wait for sb.等某人 如:I am wait for him. 我正在等他。
18. introduce sb. to sb. 把某人介绍给某人 如: I introduced Lily to Anna. 我把莉莉介绍给安娜。 19. invite sb. to do 邀请某人做某事 如: Lily invited me to go to her home for supper. 莉莉邀请我去她家吃晚饭。

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20 give a speech 做演讲 have a speech听演讲 give a report 做报告
21 permission (n.) 允许,许可 permit (v.) 允许 without permission 未经许可

have a report 听报告

单元语法重点:
22. have dinner/ supper 吃晚饭 have lunch/ breakfast 吃午餐、吃早餐 23 not… in the slightest 根本不 24. plenty of 修饰不可数名词,也可以修饰可数名词 许多 如: They have plenty of food/ apples. 他们有许多的食物/苹果。 25. get along/on (well) with sb. 与…相处 如: Do you get along well with your friends? 你和你的朋友相处得好吗? 26. would rather do sth. than do sth. 表示愿做某事而不愿做某事 如: I would rather walk than run. 27. right away 立刻,马上 28 be friendly to 对…友好 29. in fact 事实上30 English speech contest英语演讲比赛 31 represent the class 代表班级 32. let sb. down 让某人失望 如: Don’t let your mother down. 不要让你的妈妈失望。 33. come up with sth. 提出 想出 如:He came up with a good idea. 他提出了一个 好主意。 ? catch up with sb. 追上 赶上 如: Lily caught up with Anna. 莉莉赶上了安娜。 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

填空单练:
? 一、根据首字母及汉意填入适当的词。 ? 1. H can’t speak in front of people. He is s_____. ? 2. I’ll study hard. I don’t want to let my parents d_____. ? 3. He is _______(自信的)to pass the exam. ? 4. Without my _______( 允许), don’t touch my things. ? 5. I am very busy. Don’t b______ me, OK?

? 6. The population of the world i_____ very fast.
? 7. He is _______(精力充沛的). He can do everything well enough. ? 8. Do you know the h______ of the basketball?

单选专练:
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 二、单项选择 1. If he ______ here, that’s very good. A. is A. who A. in A. what A. to do B. was C. were D. has been D. whom 2. The man _______ came to see you is my brother. B. whose B. of B. how B. doing C. which D. into D. which D. did 3. He divided those people _______ two groups. C. from 4. I don’t know ________ he lives. C. where C. does 5. He has many different ways ______that work. 6. If a friend said something bad ______ you, what would you do?

?
? ? ? ? ?

A. about

B. on

C. for

D. to

7. I don’t know _________. A. what to do it B. how to do it C. what to do D. to do what 8. He is too tired ________ any longer. A. not to walk B. to walk C. walking D. not walking 9. He went to school without ______ to school.

?
? ?

A. go
A. the

B. goes
Ba

C. going
C. an D. /

D. to go

10. He is afraid to speak in _______ public.

翻译专练:
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 三、翻译句子 1.如果我有了零钱,我会把它存进银行。 If I have change, I’ll ________ _______ ________ the bank. 2. 如果你中了五百万的彩票,你会做什么? What would you do if you _______ ______ _______ _______ in the lottery? 3. 如果我是你的话,我会很紧张的。 If I ______ you, I will be _______ ______. 4. 睡前散散步,那有助于放松。 Taking a walk before going to bed that would ______ ________ _______. 5. 你能想出其它办法解决这个问题吗? Can you ______ ______ _______ other ways to solve the question? 6. 他就如何学好英语给我们提了一些建议。

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? ? ? ? ?

He _______ _______ ______ ________ on how to learn English well.
7. 中国是一个具有悠久历史的国家。 China is a country _______ ________ _______ ______. 8. 我宁愿去上海也不去海南。 I ______ ______ ________ to Shanghai _______ ______to Hainan. 9. 他说与那个女孩相处是很容易的。

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He said that it was very easy to ______ ______ _______ the girl.
10. 他很开朗又很自信。 He is very _____ ______ _______ _______.

适当形式填空:
? 四、用所给动词的适当形式填空。 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1. The moon_________(get) its light from the sun. 2.---Where is your monitor?” ---He_________(make) a model plane in the classroom.” 3. What new subjects ______you ______(study) next term? 4. The students of Class Four_______ (listen) to a report on science this time yesterday. 5. The rain_________( not stop) yet. You'd better not go out. 6. Before my father got home, I ________(finish) my homework.

根据上下文:
? 五、根据上下文,在空白处填正确的内容,使短文意思完整语句连贯。 ? When you _________(发信) or a postcard, you have to put stamps on the envelope or on the card. When did people first begin to use stamps? Who was the first to 2_________ (想到) this idea? ? In the early 3__________(十九世纪), people didn’t use stamps. They had to pay postage when they 4__________(收到) it. Sometimes they didn’t want to receive a letter 5____________(根本不) but they had to pay money for it. They were unhappy about this. The postage was high 6____________(在那时), because the post offices had to send many people to get the postage. ? Rowland Hill was a school teacher in England. He was the first to think of using stamps in the 1850s. He thought it would be 7____________(容易得多) for people to use the stamps. They could to the post office to buy stamps and 8______(把它们贴在……上) the envelops before they sent the letter. The post office could just put marks on the stamps 9___________(以便) people could not use the stamps again.10__________(用这种方法) the post office did not need to send postman to get postage. It only needed fewer postman to send letters.

答案:
? 基础知识巩固练习参考答案 ? 一、 1. shy 2. down 3. confidence 4. permission 5. bother 6. increase 7. energetic 8. history

? 二、 1-5. CADCB 6-10. ACBCD
? 三、 1. put it in 2. win five million dollars in the lottery 3. were, very nervous 4. help you relax 5. come up with 6. gave us some advice 7. with a long history 8. would rather go, than go 9. get along with 10. outgoing and fairly confident ? 四、1. gets 2. is making 3. will, study 4. were listening 5. hasn’t stopped 6. had finished ? 五、1. send a letter 2. think of/ come up with 3. nineteenth century 4. got / received 5. at all 6. at that time 7. much easier 8. stick them on/put them on 9. so that / in order that 10. in this way

知识积累:
? 1. Typical of the grassland dwellers of the continent is the American antelope, or pronghorn. ? 1.美洲羚羊,或称叉角羚,是该大陆典型的草原动物。 ? 2. Of the millions who saw Haley’s comet in 1986, how many people will live long enough to see it return in the twenty-first century. ? 2. 1986年看见哈雷慧星的千百万人当中,有多少人能够长寿到足以 目睹它在二十一世纪的回归呢? ? 3. Anthropologists have discovered that fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise are universally reflected in facial expressions. ? 3.人类学家们已经发现,恐惧,快乐,悲伤和惊奇都会行之于色,这 在全人类是共通的。 ? 4. Because of its irritating effect on humans, the use of phenol as a general antiseptic has been largely discontinued.

ByB!
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