高中英语人教版必修五unit_5_first_aid-language_points(1)ppt课件_图文

Language Points 1. aid n.&vt.帮助;援助;资助; first aid 急救 拓展: aid sb. to do sth.帮助某人做某事; with the aid of…在…的帮助下; in aid of… 为帮助… be an aid to\for…对…有帮助 do\give\offer first aid进行急救 eg: A dictionary is an aid for learning a new language. 字 典对学一门新语言有帮助. 2. temporary adj. 暂时的;临时的; n. 临时工; eg: He demanded that she should go to the temporary office at once. 他强烈要求她马上去临时办公室。 拓展: temporarily adv. 暂时地;临时地; temporariness n. 临时;暂时; 3. fall ill 生病 eg: The students fall ill when the flu breaks out. 流感爆发时同学们都生病了。 拓展: fall asleep 入睡; fall off 掉下;跌落; fall for 爱上;迷恋;上当;受骗; fall behind 落后 fall down 摔倒 fall to pieces 崩溃 fall in love 爱上 4. injury n. 损伤;伤害;v. 受伤 eg: He got serious injuries to the legs while working. 他工作时腿受重伤。 拓展: do sb. an injury =do an injury to sb. 伤害某人 hurt/wound/injure区别: You'll hurt her feelings if you forget her birthday. The soldier was wounded in the arm. He was badly injured in the accident. Last night a terrible storm hit the area and many people were injured. My stomach hurts because I have eaten too many apples. 5. bleed vi. & vt. 流血; eg:1) If you cut your finger, it will bleed. 如果你割破手指,它会流血。 2) My heart bleeds for the victims of the air crash. 我为飞机失事的受害者感到悲痛。 拓展: bleed for 为... ...流血(伤心),对... ...表示同情 bleed to death 流血而死 blood n. 血;血液; Blood is thicker than water. 血浓于水。 6. choke vi. & vt. 噎住;窒息; eg: He choked when he had lunch. 他午餐时噎住了。 拓展: choke to death 哽死 choke back 抑制;忍住(怒火,眼泪等); choke down 硬咽;费力地咽下; choke up 呛住;哽住;堵塞; 巩固练习 1. She gave _______ aid (急救) to the child when he was cut by a knife . 2. He has a ____________ temporary (暂时的) house ,for he can’t afford a flat. 3. You should not _______ (生病) if you do fall ill exercise. injury 4. She has a serious ______ (损伤) because she has an accident. 5. They decided to _______ (毒杀) the tiger but failed. poison language points in reading text: 1.…it keeps you warm or cool; it prevents your body from losing too much water; it is where you feel cold, heat or pain and it gives you your sense of touch……皮肤能 保暖或御寒,保持体内水分不过多流 失,正是皮肤让你感到冷热和疼痛,皮 肤还使你有触觉。 sense of touch触觉 其他表示各种感觉的词还有: sense of sight视觉; sense of hearing听觉; sense of taste味觉 sense of smell嗅觉; sense of humor 幽默感 sense of direction 方向感 sense of urgency紧迫感 2. barrier n. 界线, 屏障, 障碍物 The horse took the barrier easily. 那匹马轻松地越过了障碍。 Poor health may be a barrier to success. 健康欠佳可能成为取得成功的障碍。 3. get+过去分词 表被动或状态 The computer got damaged when we were moving. My bike is getting repaired now. My glasses got broken while I was playing basketbal

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