【新步步高 人教版】2016届高三英语大一轮复习课件 《Book 5 Unit 2 The United Kingdom》_图文

基础知识排查

重点词汇突破

句法与语法突破

五年高考 最新模拟

1

基础知识排查

重点识记词汇
1.divide...into 把??分成 2.clarify vt.澄清;阐明 3.accomplish vt.完成;达到;实现

4.conflict n.矛盾;冲突
5.break away (from) 挣脱(束缚);脱

6.nationwide adj.全国性的;全国范围的

7.leave out省去;遗漏;不考虑
8.opportunity n.机会;时机

9.plus prep.加上;和 adj.加的;正的;零上的
10.quarrel n.争吵;争论;吵架 vi.争吵;吵架 11.alike adj.相同的;类似的 12.take the place of代替 13.break down(机器)损坏,出故障;(身体)垮掉

14.splendid adj.壮丽的;辉煌的;极好的 15.description n.描写;描述→describe vt.描述 16.possibility n.可能(性)→possible adj.可能的 17.credit n. 信任;学分;赞扬;信贷→to one’s credit 为 ??带来荣誉;值得赞扬;在??名下 18.unite vi.& vt.联合;团结→union n.联合;联盟;结合;协 会→united adj.联合的;团结的 19.unwilling adj.不愿意(的);不乐意(的)→unwillingly adv.不 愿意地

20.educational adj.教育的→education n. 教育;培养;教育
学→educate vt.教育;训练

21.convenience n.便利;方便→convenient adj.方便的
22.historical adj.历史(上)的;有关历史的→history n.历史

23.collection n.收藏品;珍藏;收集→collect vt.收集
24.enjoyable adj.令人愉快的;使人高兴的→enjoyment n.享 受;乐趣;享有→enjoy vt.欣赏;享受;喜爱;使过得快活 25.arrange vt.筹备;安排;整理→arrangement n.安排

26.delight n. 快 乐 ; 高 兴 ; 喜 悦 vt. 使 高 兴 ; 使 欣 喜 → delighted adj.高兴的;快乐的→delightful adj.令人高兴的 27.imaginary adj.想象中的;假想的;虚构的→imagine v.想 象;猜想 28.consist vi.组成;在于;一致→consistent adj.一致的 29.fold vt.折叠;对折→unfold vt.(反义词)展开;摊开 30.rough adj.粗糙的;粗暴的→roughly adv.粗略地;粗糙地

必背经典句式
1.Although,nationwide,these cities are not as large as those in China,they have world-famous football teams and some of them even have two! 虽然,英国任何一个城市都不像中国的城市那样大,但是它们拥

有世界著名的足球队,有的城市甚至有两支! but they still have very different institutions.
值得赞扬的是,这四个国家的确在一些方面共同合作;但是有些 制度仍然区别很大。

2.To their credit the four countries do work together in some areas,

3.It is a pity that the industrial cities built in the nineteenth

century do not attract visitors.
真遗憾这些建在19世纪的工业城市并不吸引游客。 4.It looked splendid when first built! 刚建成的时候,它看起来真是金碧辉煌。 5.It seemed strange that the man who had developed communism should have lived and died in London. 这似乎是一件怪事:这位发展了共产主义的人竟然在伦敦生活 过,并且在伦敦去世。

构词记忆
-cy accuracy /′?kj?r?sI/ n.[U]准确性/度;精密(性) efficiency /I′fI?nsI/ n.[U]效率;功效

emergency /I′m??d??nsI/ n.[C]&[U]紧急情况;突发事件;非
常时刻

frequency /′frI?kw?nsI/ n.[C]&[U]出现率;发生率;频繁;频


privacy /′praIv?sI/ n.[U]隐私;私密

2

重点词汇突破

1

consist vi. 组成 (form) ;在于

(lie);一致
?多词一义 consist of,be composed of,be made up of

consist of由??组成

consist in(=lie in)在于??;存在于??
be consistent with与??一致的;符合的 His breakfast consists of dry bread and a cup of tea.

他的早餐由不涂黄油的面包和一杯茶组成。
Good service consists in punctuality and dependability.

良好的服务在于守时与可靠。
?特别提醒 consist of不用于被动语态和进行时。

夯实基础
(1)This club consists of eight members. ① This club is made up of eight members. (用be made up of改写句子 ) This club is composed of eight members. ② 子) Chang’e 3e ,3 consisting a lander andand a moon rover called (2)Chang ’ consists of of a lander a moon rover called (用be composed of改写句

“Yutu” ”, landed onon the moon in in mid-December 2013. and landed the moon mid-December 2013.
_________________________________________________________

2 convenience n.方便;便利;便利
的事物
at one’s convenience在某人方便时
for convenience为方便起见

for the convenience of为了方便??
if convenient如果方便的话 It is convenient for sb. to do...对某人来 说做某事很方便。

We hope that you will accept our invitation if it is convenient

for you.
如果你方便的话,我们希望你能接受我们的邀请。

(课标全国· 书面表达) ?特别提醒 多用于It is convenient for sb. to do...这一句型中。
(2)convenience意为“方便;便利”时为不可数名词;表示“

(1)convenient作表语时,不能用表示人的名词或代词作主语,

便利的事物;便利设施”时为可数名词。

夯实基础

(1)We bought this house for convenience (为了方便);

it’s near the school.
(2)We can meet to

at your discuss thisconvenience further

________________ (在你方便时). (3)Is three o’clock convenient for you (对你来说方便)?

3 influence v.影响,对??起作用;
n.影响,作用;有影响力的人(物)
have an influence on对??起作用
/有影响 under the influence of在??的影

响下

Last but not least,my physics teacher is my role model,

whose influence on me had a lot to do with my decision.
最后但同样重要的是,我的物理老师是我的榜样,他对 我的影响极大地影响着我的决定。(安徽· 书面表达)

夯实基础

语法填空

(1)What exactly is the influence of television ___ on
children? (2)He committed the crime

under

the influence of

drugs.

4 arrange v.安排;筹备(plan or organize) ; 整 理 ; 排 列 ; 布 置

(put...in order)
?应试指导

日常活动类写作高频词汇

arrange to do sth.安排做某事

arrange with sb. to do sth.与某人安排好做某事
arrange for sb. to do sth.安排某人做某事 make arrangements/an arrangement for...为??做安排

Have you arranged to meet Mark this weekend?

你安排好周末与马克会面了吗? ?特别提醒
不能说arrange sb. to do sth.,且arrange后跟that从句

时,从句中谓语动词用“(should+)动词原形”。

夯实基础

(1)根据汉语提示填空 Now everything for the conference to be held tomorrow arranged for ① has been arranged (已准备就绪).I have ②___________ Tom to pick up 安 排 Tom 开 车 去 接 )the experts at the _____________(

airport.Then I’m to ③ arrange to meet (安排接见)Mr.
Wang.In a word,all ④ the arrangements we made (我们 做出的安排)were completed.

(2)He arranged for the meeting to be put off for a week.
He arranged that the meeting (should) be put off for a ________________________________________________

week. 改为复合句) ______(

5 delight n.高兴;愉快;快乐;令

人高兴的事,乐事;乐趣 (joy) ; vt.
使高兴;使欣喜(please)
?应试指导 写作高分句式: What delighted sb. is...替换to one’s delight 多词一义 delight,amuse,please

delight in (doing) sth.以(做)某事为乐

be delighted at sth./to do sth.为(做)??而高兴
take delight in以??为乐 with delight高兴地

to one’s delight=to the delight of sb.使某人高兴的是
delightful adj.令人愉快的,使人高兴的

She has created a style of music that has delighted
audiences all over the world. 她创造出了一种能令全世界的听众都感到快乐的音乐

风格。
To my great delight,it worked perfectly.

让我非常高兴的是,它的效果极佳。

夯实基础
语法填空

(1)The boy takes great delight in pulling the cat’s tail.
(2) To our delight,everything goes well.

(3)The children unwrapped their Christmas presents with delight.
(4)She was very much delighted (delight) that he returned,safe

and sound.
(5)To his delight,he was also invited to delightful the (delight)

party.

6 break away (from) 挣脱(束缚);
脱离;打破
?应试指导

“break+副词”类语境词义辨析

break down出故障;失败;垮掉;分解 break up粉碎;解散;放假;断绝关系 break out(战争、火灾等)爆发;突然开始(break out doing sth.) break through取得突破;克服 break into破门而入;突然开始

The man broke away from guards.
那个男人挣脱了警卫。

The TV broke down again.电视又出故障了。

夯实基础
选择方框内的短语填空 break through,break into,break away from,break up,break down (1)His car (3)The thief (4)What if you broke down

was broken into on his way to work yesterday. break up
the policeman and ran away.

(2)His house broke away from last night.

break through with your partner?
in the fight

(5)Scientists think they are beginning to

3

句法与语法突破

1 Now when people refer to England you find Wales included as well.如今只要有人提起英格兰,你就会

发现威尔士也是包括在内的。
句型公式 find+宾语+宾语补足语

find在句中接复合宾语,宾语是Wales,宾语补足语是included as
well,宾语补足语和宾语之间构成被动关系。能作宾补的可以是

名词、代词、形容词、副词、不定式、分词、介词短语等。
Finding the course very difficult,she decided to move to a lower

level.
发现这门课程很难,她决定转向较低水准的课程。

We were astonished to find the temple still in its original
condition.

夯实基础
语法填空 (1)When he arrived,he found all the work finished (finish). (2)When she woke up,she found herself hospital. (3)We find the story very interesting (interest).

lying

(lie) in

2 It seemed strange that the man who had developed

communism should have lived and died in London.这
似乎是一件怪事:这位发展了共产主义的人竟然在 伦敦生活过,并且在伦敦去世。
句型公式 It+seems(ed)+adj.+that...

It + seems(ed) + adj. + that... 好像??,似乎??,seem 的其他 相关句型: (1)It+seems(ed) (+to sb.)+that... 似乎?? (2)seem (to be)+adj./现在分词/过去分词/介词短语 (4)It seems as if...看样子好像?? (5)There seems to be...好像有?? 好像?? (3)seem to do/be doing/have done好像要做/在做/已经做了?? (对某人来说)好像??;

It seems to me that there is something funny about
the case. 在我看来这件案子有点可疑。

There seems to be a kind of gravitational pull toward
God.

似乎有一种引力拉向上帝。

夯实基础 语法填空

(1)The engine just won’t start. Something seems _________ to have gone _____(go) wrong with it. (2)They were talking in a whisper,so they seemed _______ to be
saying _______(say) something secret.

(3) There seemed to be something happy today.
(4)Look at the sky!It seems to rain (rain).

3 单元语法——语法填空
(1)What he had said made me surprised (surprise).
(2)My glasses are broken.I’ll locked have repaired to get them

(repair).
(3)They kept the door

beatenfor a long time. (lock) (beat) by the heavy rain

(4)We can hear the windows
drops. (5)I want the suit made

(make) to my own measure.

4

五年高考 最新模拟
Ⅰ.短文改错

高考题组
(2010· 辽宁)

Christine was just a girl in one of my classes. I never knew much
about her except for that she was strange. She didn’t talk many.

Her hair was black and purple,and she worn black sports shoes
and a black sweater,although in the summer. She was,in fact, rather attractively,and she never seemed care what the rest of us thought about her. Like the rest of my classmate,I didn’t really want to get closest to her. It was only when we did their chemistry project together that I begin to understand why Christine dressed

答案
Christine was just a girl in one of my classes.I never knew

much about her except for that she was strange.She didn’t talk
many worn .Her hair was black and purple, and she black sports much wore

although shoes and a black sweater, in the summer.She was,in even attractively fact, rather , and she never seemed ∧ to care what the attractive
classmate rest of us thought about her.Like the rest of my , classmates

closest I didn’t really want to get to her.It was only close their when we did chemistry project together that I our begin to understand why Christine dressed the way began she did.

Ⅱ.写作常用句翻译

1. 父母为孩子安排好一切,不遗余力地为他们的成功铺好道路。
(arrange) (2013· 福建· 书面表达) Parents arrange everything for their children and spare no effort __________________________________________________________ to pave the way for their success. ______________________________

2.在日常生活中和他人发生冲突是正常的。(conflict)(2012· 江苏· 书 Conflicts 面表达 ) with others are common in everyday life.
_____________________________________________ Then they started shouting and yelling(quarrel)(2012· , and it turned into a 3. 然后他们开始喊叫,后来大吵了起来。 江苏 · 书面 horrible 表达 ) quarrel.

4.车辆已经成为很受欢迎的交通方式,给我们的生活带来很 大的便利。(convenience) great convenience to our life. __________________________ (2011· 江西· 写作) Cars have become a popular means of transport,bringing _____________________________________________________

5.让粉丝们高兴的是这个年轻的选手在乒乓球锦标赛中表现
得非常好。(delighted) (2011· 湖北· 完成句子) What delighted the fans was that the young player _____________________________________________________ performed extremely well in the table tennis tournament. __________________________________________

Ⅰ.语法填空 1.How do you plan to accomplish

模拟题组
(accomplish) your life

goal?
2.China is in conflict

with Japan in the Diaoyu Island at it is convenient for you.

present.
3.Come and see me whenever

on 4.Violent programmes on television may have a bad influence

5.—I hear that you will be on travel again.
—Yeah.My boss arranged for me to discuss (discuss) business details with someone from another company.

6. What a great delight to have a picnic here!
7.It is really a thrill for the children to go for a camp.

8.—What about your journey to Mount Hua?
—Everything was wonderful except that the car we

rented broke down on the way back.
9.Entering the yard,I found it covered (cover) with lots of fallen (fall) leaves. 10.Look at the pride on Tom’s face.He seems _______ to have been praised ____________(praise) by the manager just now.

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.The soup consists tomatoes,meat and peas,doesn’t it? consists后加上of ________________ 2.She thrilled with terror when she saw the scene of the murder. She后加上was ______________
3.It is strange that he knows →(should) so knows much about know me. ___________________

’t→isn’t 4.What he wrote doesn’t consistent with what he doesn told us.
________________ 5.The old man has been fired and now a young man takes后加上 place. his

6.There has no need for them to work the whole day. has→is _______
去掉need 7.They don’t need have to work the whole day. _________ 8.Not only does he speak English and but also he speaks 去掉and French. ________ 9.It is the first time that Tom has gone to China. gone→been ___________ 10.When first was introduced to the market , these 去掉was products enjoyed great success. ________

Ⅲ.写作句式升级训练 Today,more and more English words find their way into the Chinese language.

(素材来源于2014· 江苏· 书面表达) Nowadays,an increasing number of English words _______________________________________________
find their way into the Chinese language. ______________________________________( 用相关的 高级词汇改写句子)


相关文档

2014届高三英语人教版大一轮复习讲义课件 Book 5 Unit 2 The United Kingdom
《步步高》2013届高三英语大一轮复习单元规范训练:Unit 2 The United Kingdom(新人教版必修5)
【步步高】高考英语大一轮复习 Book5 Unit 2 The United Kingdom课件 新人教版
2016届高三英语大一轮复习课件 《Book 5 Unit 2 The United Kingdom》
【新步步高 人教版】2016届高三英语大一轮复习课件 《Book 3 Unit 5 Canada—“The True North”》
【新步步高 人教版】2016届高三英语大一轮复习课件 《Book 7 Unit 3 Under the sea》
【新步步高 人教版】2016届高三英语大一轮复习课件 《Book 5 Unit 4 Making the news》
【新步步高 人教版】2016届高三英语大一轮复习课件 《Book 6 Unit 5 The power of nature》
2014届高三英语大一轮复习讲义 教师用书 Book 5 Unit 2 The United Kingdom 新人教版
【新步步高 人教版】2016届高三英语大一轮复习课件 《Book 3 Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note》
电脑版