高考改错题技巧

2015 年高考英语短文改错解题技巧 --2014.10.30 无尘 整理

一、短文改错常见考点设置:

1.考点设置之名词

命题特点:本来用复数,却用单数.改正方法:(1)根据名词前的修饰限定成份;(2)根据上下 文的逻辑关系.

详解:

1).She said that she and my schoolmate all wished me success.(schoolmate 改为 schoolmates)

2). After class we become stranger at once.(stranger 改为 strangers)

3). They want me to devote all my time to my studies so that I’ll get marks in all my subject.(subject 改为 subjects)

4). On the way up I was busy taking picture since the scenery was so beautiful. (picture 改为 pictures)

5). There are advantage for students to work while studying at school.(advantage 改为 advantages)

6). He had no ideas that the kitchen was not forguests.(ideas 改为 idea)

7). I looked at his other hands. (hands 改为 hand)

2.考点设置之代词

命题特点:1.女性代词指代男性或相反;2.单数指代复数;3.代词词性误用。

改正方法:联系上下文的逻辑关系。

代词的错误特点:1.人称代词的偷换错误

2. 缺少人称代词的错误

3. 人称代词数的一致问题

4. 人称代词格的一致问题

详解:

The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home.(his改为their)

I have a good friend who’s name is Liu Mei.( who’s改为whose)

It was about noon when we arrived at the foot of the mountain. The three of them were very excited.(them改为us)

Soon I began to enjoy talking to myself on paper as I was learning to express me in simple English .(me改为myself) One day I wrote a little story and showed to my teacher .(showed后加it) Some students may also save up for our college or future use .(our改为their) 3.考点设置之介词
命题特点及改正方法:介词涉及搭配错误,因此可从以下方面确定错误:1)介词的基本 用法;2)习惯搭配;3)动词词类确定错误,如 talk,, serve, wait 等。
介词短语常常考,固定搭配要记牢。介词后边跟宾语,结合语境细推敲。
详解: We do not seem to get much time to talk about together.(去掉about) I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow. (去掉at)
The main problem was in that I always thought in Chinese and tried to translate anything into English.(去掉was后的in) We’ll talk with our plan for the weekend over dinner.(with改为about) I am writing to thank you with your kind help. (with改为for) He was looking for a glass the cupboard. (glass后加in) Each these lines stands for a trouble in my life. (each后加of) 4.考点设置之时态
命题特点及改正方法:现在时与过去时的误用,句中一般没有时间状语。每年都考。要注 意联系上下文,着眼于整个语篇的时态。通常整篇都是过去,突然一个句子用现在时。其 中又以一般现在时和过去时互改为多。
详解:
They did not want me to do any work at home; they wantme to devote all my time to my studies so that---(did 改为 do) The time passes quickly. Evening came.(passes 改为 passed) She liked it very much and reads it to the class.(reads 改为 read)
I don’t know that they don’t like to talk with me.Sometimes, we talked to each other very well in class.(talked 改为 talk)

I will write again and send you the photos we take together.(take 改为 took) We had guests last night who have not stayed in a B&B hotel ago.(have 改为 had) 5.and\but\or 误用及前后不一致 命题特点:主要考查 and、or、but、so 等并列连词的误用。 改正方法;1)根据句意确定误; 2)根据句子的逻辑关系确定错误。 详解: ) She is smiling at me but nodding at me.(but 改为 and) It looks as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest.(and 改为 or) The food was expensive and the service was good.(and 改为 but) I came into the living room and saw one of them just go through the kitchen door but turn on the light.(but 改为 and) We fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories.(visiting 改为 visited) She liked it very much and reads it to the class.(reads 改为 read) 6.考点设置之从句连词 命题特点及改正方法:句子结构方面的错误主要涉及句子成份和复合句的关联词等。解答 这类题从以下方面来思考:1)句子结构是否完整,成份是否冗缺;2)复合句中边接方句 和从句的关系词或引导词的运用是否得当等。 详解: It was about noon we arrived at the foot of the mountain.(noon 后加 when) I don’t know that they don’t like to talk with me.(that 改为 why) The main problem was in that I always thought inChinese and tried to translate everything into English.(去掉 that 前的 in) Earning their own money allows them to spend on anything as if they please.(去掉 if) They did not want breakfast because that they were going out early in the morning.(去掉 that) 7.考点设置之冠词 命题特点及改正方法:英语中冠词只有三个,只能从以下几个方向出题:1)不定冠词 a 和 an 互改;2)不定冠词 a 或 an 和定冠词 the 互改;3)根据需要增删冠词。

详解:
As everyone knows, it’s famous mountain with all kinds of plants and animals. (famous 前加 a) We may be one family and live under a same roof, but---(a 改为 the) On Thursday I will have to decide what I want to do over a weekend.(a 改为 the) I hope you’ve had pleasant journey home (had 后加 a) 8.考点设置之形容词和副词 命题特点及改正方法:主要考查形容词和副词的误用、形容词及副词的比较级等。1)根 据 adj.或 adv.的基本用法确定错误;2)修饰连系动词或名词用形容词;3)修饰行为动 词、形容词、过去分词及整个句子用副词。 详解: I would describe myself as shy and quietly.(quietly 改为 quiet)
There have been reports in America about people tryingto steal person information for bad purposes.(person 改为 personal) Finding information on the Net is easily.(easily 改为 easy) So what I learned from the job was much more important as what I earned.(as 改为 than) My pronunciation was terribly .(terribly 改为 terrible) They came back lately and had some tea.(lately 改为 late) 9.考点设置之非谓语动词 命题特点改正方法:1)谓语动词和非谓语动词的错用;2)动词不定式和动名词的错用; 3)现在分词和过去分词的错用等。 详解:
Earning their own money allow them to spend onanything as they please.(allow 改为 allows) My parents will do all they can make sure that I get agood education.(make 前 加 to) Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper as I waslearning to express myself in simple English.(talk 改为 talking) We fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories.(visiting 改为 visited)

Some students may also to save up for our college orfuture use.(去掉 to)
二、短文改错口诀
动词形,名词数,还要注意形和副;非谓语,细辨别,习惯用法要记住;
句子成分多分析,逻辑错误须关注;冠词连词常光顾.
详解:
(一)动词形:主要包括两类错误:动词的时态和语态错误,以及主、谓不一致的错误。 动词形常见错误:
1) 一般过去时与一般 现在时错用。2)第三人称单数形式错用。
2) and 前后动词时态不一致。(and 具有对称性) 4) 主谓不一致。5) 缺少谓语动词 (尤其缺 be 动词)
6) 主动语态与被动语态错用 7)Used to 的运用错误
(二)名词数:指名词单、复数形式的用法错误。常表现为将名词复数写成单数。改正方 法:
1)根据名词前的修饰限定成份.2)根据上下文的逻辑关系.
(三)还要注意形和副:注意形容词和副词在句子中的作用和具体用法。这也是高考短文 改错题的常考点。命题特点及改正方法:主要考查形容词和副词的误用、形容词及副词的 比较级等。根据 adj 或 adv 的基本用法确定错误;修饰连系动词或名词用形容词;修饰行 为动词、形容词、过去分词及整个句子用副词。
(四)非谓语,细辨别:这是考查最多的错误形式之一。主要有现在分词、过去分词,动 名词和不定式错误。1)不定式 2)动名词作主语、宾语 3)and 连接的不定式或动名词前 后一致(尤其距离较远时) 4)现在分词和过去分词的区别等。
(五)习惯用法要记住:主要考查习惯搭配方面的基础知识,其错误表现形式主要有三种: 多词、少词和搭配错误。
(六)句子成分多分析:不同的句子成分要用不同的词类;不同的语境要选择不同的词语。 只有对句子结构和成分作细致的分析,才能找出用词不当的错误。
(七)逻辑错误须关注:与句子的上、下文不一致,甚至相矛盾,属于逻辑性错误,如称 谓上的张冠李戴。
(八)冠词连词常光顾:常考的错误形式有:连词 but, and, or 和 so 的用法错误,以 及冠词的用法错误等。
三.短文改错小结 做短文改错应采取六个步骤和四不改。

详解:六个步骤: (1)通读短文,整体把握短文大意。 (2)细读全文,逐句分析,把握结构,逐一作答。 (3)粗略分析词法、句法、逻辑上是否有问题。 (4)逐行修改,先易后难。 (5)复读全文,验证答案。 (6)要注意答题是否合乎规范。 四不改: ①标点符号不改。②大小写不改。③词序错误不改(不是不改,而是按错词或少词来改)。 ④在纲外生词不改。文中出现带汉语注释的词,在句中不可能用错.
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高考英语语法填空解题技巧

(2014-11-10 09:46:57) 标签: 分类: 英语教学 语法填空
语法填空解题攻略

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解题步骤:
??解题技巧解读:
(一)提示性填空的做题方法
1. 动词
(1)如果所给词是动词,空格前是名词或代词,比较复杂的时候是动名词、不定式或者 主语从句,那么这个空一定是缺谓语,所以要根据上下文判断句子的时态和语态。如 the young man ________(present)the water to the old.根据上下文可以判断是一般过去 式 presented.
(2)如果句子不缺谓语,而所给词又是动词,如果能排除是词形转换题的话,那么这个 空一定是非谓语动词。学生要清楚的知道非谓语动词包括动词不定式、动名词、现在分词 和过去分词以及他们的被动式和完成时等。同时要记住动词不定式在句子中可以充当除了 谓语之外的所有句子成分,多数情况下,动词不定式表示动作还未发生;动名词可以在句 子中做主语、宾语、表语和定语;现在分词和过去分词做定语、状语、补语和表语。同时, 现在分词通常表示动作正在进行,和逻辑主语是主谓关系,而过去分词表示动作已完成或 者和逻辑主语是动宾关系。
基本知识掌握后,还要关注上下文中提供的关键词来判断是哪种非谓语动词形式, 比如 watch,see, notice,hear 等词,那么有 doing 和 do 两种情况,诸如此类的加动 词不定式和动名词的单词和短语学生都积累了不少,所以只要做题时加以关注,还是没有 问题的。现在分词和过去分词的判定比不定式和动名词要难,但是,只要记住固定句式结 构之外就是要找准动词和逻辑主语之间的关系,尤其是主句之前或者之后出现了逗号这种 情况,尤其要引起注意。如 he spit it out, ______(say)it was awful.(saying)
2. 形容词和副词
首先,要让学生确切的知道,形容词在句子中充当的句子成分和所处位置。a.形容词可以 放在名词前面做定语;b.形容词可以在系动词后面作表语;c.形容词可以放在宾语后做宾

语补足语。副词在句子中所充当的句子成分和所处的位置。a.副词放在动词的前后做动词 状语;b.副词放在形容词前做形容词的状语;c.副词放在副词前面做状语。这样,学生会 比较明确的判断句子所缺的是什么。如,his teacher took a deep drink, smiled______(warm),and thanked his student very much for the sweet water. (warmly) 其次,要明确形容词和副词之间的词性和词形转换。根据前文,学生能够判断句子却的是 形容词还是副词之后,根据上下文逻辑结构和句子意思,通过加减前后缀的办法把题目做 正确。如 2010 年广东卷考查了副词 warmly: ... His teacher took a deep drink, smiled ________(warm), and thanked his student very much for the sweet water...另外,2007 年广东卷考查了副词 merrily:...We drank together and talked _______(merry) till far into the night...
第三,注意形容词和副词的比较级别,同级比较用 as...as...和 not so...as...,其中要加形容 词副词的原级。用形容词和副词取决于前面的动词是系动词还是实义动词;比较级有比较 连词 than 或者根据上下文判断有隐性的比较;最高级前面有标志性的词 the。
3. 名词
名词在语法填空中出现的几率比较低,但是名词却是做自由填空的一个非常重要的 参照物。名词在提示性填空部分,最可能出现的题就是动词转化成名词这种形式。但是学 生必须明确名词的特点。单数可数名词前面必须有三类修饰限定词:a.必须有 a/an,the; b.必须有形容词性的物主代词;c.必须有指示代词 this 或者 that 以及不定代词。三者是 必有其一,互不兼容。不可数名词最显著的特点就是不能与 a/an 连用,但是英语中要注 意一词多义的情况(如抽象名词具体化)。
(二)自由填空题的做题方法
1. 介词

介词包括表时间、方位、方式的介词 on,in,at,with,by,through 等。介词 最大的特点可以和动词、形容词等构成固定短语,通常都是介词在后,再就是和名词构成 固定短语,尤其是要注意是否加冠词的情况。同时,学生要清楚介词后通常都是加名词、 代词(宾格、名词性物主代词、反身代词)、动名词和宾语从句等。
如 2010 年高考英语(广东卷)考查了 with 表伴随的用法:... The young man went home _______ a happy heart...;2009 年广东卷考查了介词 on 和 at: ... Jane stopped where a small crowd of men had gathered. She found some good quality pipes ______ sale... When Jane got home, with her small but well-chosen present in her bag, her parents were already _______table having supper... 2. 连词
连词的考查包括的内容比较宽泛,主要区分开两大部分,即并列句和复合句。这是做 连词题的关键。
并列句是由两个或两个以上的简单句句用并列连词连在一起构成的句子,其基本结 构是“简单句+并列连词+简单句”。并列句中的各简单句意义同等重要,相互之间没有从 属关系,是平行并列的关系。它们之间用连词连结。包括表转折的连词 but,while;表 并列的连词 and,or;表因果的连词 because,so 等等。如 2008 年广东卷考查了连词 but: ... He was very tired after doing this for a whole day, ______ he felt very happy since the crop did “grow” higher...
从属复合句由一个主句(Principal Clause)和一个或一个以上的从句 (Subordinate Clause)构成。用疑问词作引导词,主句是全句的主体,通常可以独立存 在;从句则是一个句子成分,不能独立存在。从句不能单独成句,但它也有主语部分和谓 语部分,就像一个句子一样。所不同在于,从句须由一个关联词(connective)引导。主

从复合句包括形容词性从句(The Attributive Clause);副词性从句(The Adverbial
Clause);名词性从句(The Noun Clause)三大类。
主从复合句和并列句最大的区别就是主句对从句有很大的影响,从句是从属于主句 的一个句子成分,有自己独立的主谓等句子成分的同时,还要受到主句的制约和影响。同 时学生要对三大类句子的基本特点特别清楚,比如,定语从句的关系代词和关系副词的选 用,非限制性定语从句的特点等;名词性从句中同位语从句和定语从句的区别等。
3. 冠词 冠词的用法主要和名词连在一起,根据上下文进行判断是用定冠词还是不定 冠词,亦或是不用冠词的情况。
4.代词 在语法填空里,考查比较多的有人称代词和不定代词,人称代词要弄清楚所指 代的性别和数,不定代词要弄清楚所指代或修饰的词是什么。
总而言之,学生在了解全文大意的基础上,从语篇着手并联系上下文,根据自己掌 握的语法知识、词汇知识、生活常识、固定词组、句型搭配及对某一国家的风俗习惯、文 化背景的了解、行文的逻辑关系、语篇标志等进行填空。
(一)
Once there lived a rich man 31 wanted to do something for the people of his town. 32 first he wanted to find out whether they deserved his help.
In the centre of the main road into the town, he placed 33 very large stone. Then he 34 (hide ) behind a tree and waited. Soon an old man came along with his cow.
“Who put this stone in the centre of the road?” said the old man, but he did not try to remove the stone. Instead, with some difficulty he passed around the stone and continued on his way. 35 man came along and did the same thing; then another came ,and another. All of them complained about the stone but not tried to remove 36 . Late in the afternoon a young man came along. He saw the stone, 37 (say) to himself: “The night 38 (be) very dark. Some neighbors will come along later in the dark and will fall against the stone.”
Then he began to move the stone. He pushed and pulled with all his 39 (strong) to move it. How great was his surprise at last! 40 the stone, he found a bag of money. 答案:31. who 32. But 33. a 34. hid 35. Another 36. it 37. saying 38. will be 39. strength 40. Under
(二)
The Internet is an amazing information resource. Students, teachers, and researchers use it as __31_ investigative tool. Journalists use it to find information for stories. Doctors use it to learn more about unfamiliar diseases and the 32_ (late) medical development. Ordinary people use it for shopping, banking, bill-paying, and communicating with family and friends. People all over the world use it to connect with individuals from _33 countries and cultures.

However, __34____there are many positive developments __35__ (associate) with the Internet, there are also certain fears and concerns. __36___ concern relates to a lack of control over__37__ appears on the Internet. With television and radio there are editors to check the accuracy or appropriateness of the content of programs, and with television there are 38 (restrict) on what kinds of programs can __39__ (broadcast) and at what times of the day. With the Internet, parents cannot check a published guide to determine what is suitable __40____ their children to see.

答案:31. an 32. latest 33.other/different 34. while 38. restrictions 39. be broadcast(ed) 40.for
(三)

35.associated 36. One 37. what

Crying marriage? 31 (surprise), isn’t it? Factually, the custom of crying marriage existed a long time ago in many areas of Southwest China’s Sichuan Province, and 32 (remain) in fashion 33 the end of the Qing Dynasty. Though not so popular as before, the custom is still observed by people in many places, especially Tujia people, who view it as a 34 (necessary) to marriage procedure.

It is very much 35 same in different places of the province. According to elderly people, every bride had to cry at the wedding. 36 , the bride’s neighbors would look down upon 37 as a poorly cultivated girl and she would become the laughingstock of the village. In fact, there were cases 38 which the bride was beaten by her mother for not crying at the wedding ceremony.

In a word, crying at wedding is a 39 by custom to set off the happiness of the wedding through falsely sorrowful words. However, in the 40 (arrange) marriages of the old days of China, there were indeed quite a lot of brides who cried over their unsatisfactory marriage and even their miserable life.

答案:31. Surprising 32.remained 39. way/means 40. arranged

33. until/till 34. necessity
(四)

35. the

36. Otherwise 37. her

In my free time, I really like surfing the Internet. When I get home from work, I turn on my computer, wait __31____it boots up completely, and then I go online. I usually check my email first and then write a few messages __32____ family and friends. I sometimes scan the local news headlines at ___33___ favorite news Website and read up on the latest local and international news. This Website often provides video news clips____34___ you can view online. I sometimes order products or service online to save money and time instead of going to a store and__35____(buy) what I'm looking for. For example, I ___36____ (order)a digital camera online the other day and saved about $50. Whatever I do, I realize that there are problems__37_____ using the Internet including scams, identify theft, and viruses, so I'm very careful not to give out my ____38_____ (person) information. Furthermore, I don't download or open files I don't recognize. Using the Internet can be fun and__39____ convenient way of shopping and finding out new information, _____40___ you just need to be careful

38. in

31 until / till 32. to 33. my 34 that / which 35. buying 36. ordered 37. with 38. personal 39. a 40. but
(五) In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are neccessary. Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear ______31________ spoken.. Secondly, we must be able to speak it correctly with confidence and without hesitation. _____32_______ ,we must be able to read the language , and fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct. There is no easy way to success _____33_______ language learning. _____34________ good memory is of great help, but it is not enough only _____35________(memorize) rules from a grammar book. It is not much use learning by heart long list of words and ______36_________meaning, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn by using the language. _______37_______we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the languang. “Learn through use” is a good piece of _____38______(advise) for those ______39______are studying a new language. Practice is important. We must practise speaking and ____40____(write) the language whenever we can.
答案: 31.it 32. Thirdly 33. in 34. A 35. to memorize 36. their 37. If 38. advice 39. who 40. writing

第二节:语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)
At one point along an open highway, I came to a crossroads with a traffic light. I was alone on the road by now, but 31 I drove up to the light, it turned red, and I braked to a halt. I look left, right, and behind me. Nothing. 32 a car, no suggestion of headlights, but there I sat, 33 (wait) the light to change, the only human being for at least a mile in any direction.

I started wondering 34 I refused to run the light. I was not afraid of 35 (catch) by the police, because there was obviously no cop anywhere around and 36 certainly would have been no danger in going 37 it. Much later that night, the 38 question of why I’d stopped for that light came 39 to me. I think I stopped because it’s part of a contract (合同) we all have with each other. It’s not only the law, but it’s an agreement we have, and we trust each other to honor 40 : we don’t go through red lights. Like most of us, I’m more ready to be stopped from doing something bad by the social agreement that disapproves of it than by any law against it.

答案:

31. as / when 32. Not caught

33.waiting

34. why 35. being

36. there 37. through 38.same

39.back

40. it

七 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)
Nowadays, millions 31 lonely singles are now going online instead. 32 World Wide Web is quickly becoming the world’s most popular matchmaker(媒人).
Singles are flocking(涌向) to the Internet 33 (main) because their busy lifestyles leave them little time to look for a significant other. Using dating sites(约会 网址) is quick and convenient. Many singles say the regular dating scene 34 (just lead) them from one bad experience to 35 and are ready to try something else. Dating sites also make 36 easy to avoid someone 37 you are not interested in. In the real world, 38 , ignoring someone you don’t like can be difficult.
Despite all the advantages, online dating also presents its own set of problems. People aren’t always those who they declare to be in their online 39 (describe).

Safety is another concern. You are just 40 (like) to find a criminal online as you are Mr. Or Miss Right.
答案: 31. of 32. The 33. mainly 34. has just led 35. another 36. it 37. who / whom 38. however 39. description 40. likely
八 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)
Polar bears are suffering in a 31 (warm) world than ever before. Polar bears live in environments too cold for most animals. 32 much of the year, they live and hunt on the frozen Arctic sea ice. Nature has prepared 33 for the cold conditions. But nothing has prepared the bears for the danger that 34 (threat) the only home they know. The polar bears’world is melting. Studies show that the polar ice has reduced by 9.8% every 10 years 35 1978. Now about 20,000 to 25,000 polar bears live in the Arctic. Polar bears depend on the sea ice for their 36 (survive). “The sea ice is more than just this platform that the bears walk over,” says Andrew Derocher, 37 scientist who studies North American polar bear populations. “ 38 it, they can’ t exist.” Some melting and refreezing of the polar ice is natural. 39 in a warmer world, these cycles speed up, and bears have less time to hunt. Normally, they have three months in the spring when they gain more weight. The extra fat is used later, 40 the bears are not actively hunting. 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

题号 31 32
33 34 35 36 37 38
39
40

赋分 1.5 分 1.5 分 1.0 分 1.5 分 1.5 分 1.5 分 1.5 分 1.5 分 1.5 分 1.0 分 1.5 分 1.0 分 1.5 分

答案 warmer For/During for/during
them threatens
since survival
a Without without
But but when 九

第二节:语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

31 is possible that we simply do not stay in one place for a true friendship to develop. However, there can be no disagreement on the need for each of us 32 (think) carefully about the kind of friendships we want.

To most of us, friendships are considered 33 (importance), but need to have clear in our own minds 34 kinds of friendships we want .Are they to be close or 35 (keep) at arm’s length? Do we want to share ourselves or do we want to walk on the surface? For some people, many friendships on the surface are quite enough—and that’s all right .But at some point we need to make sure that our expectations are the same as our 36 (friend)expectations. If one wants more from the friendship than the other, 37 if this is not talked about, one is likely at last to fell that he’s holding the short end of the stick. The sharing of personal experience 38 (include) our tears as well as our dark dreams 39 (be) the surest way to deepen friendships. But it must

be undertaken slowly and carried on only if there signs of interest and action 40 return.
答案: 31. It 32. to think 33. important 34.the 35. kept 36.friends’ 37. and 38. including 39.is 40. in
十 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)
Many teachers believe that the responsibilities for learning lie with the student. 31_____ a long reading assignment is given, instructors expect students to be familiar with 32_____ (inform) in the reading even if they do not discuss it in class or take an examination. The ideal student is considered to be one who is motivated to learn for the sake of learning, not the one interested only in getting high grades. Sometimes homework is returned 33_____ brief written comments but without a grade. Even if a grade is not given, the student is 34_________(responsibility) for learning the material assigned. When research 35______( assign), the professor expects the student to take it actively and to complete it with minimum guidance. It is the student's responsibility to find books, magazines, and articles in the library. Professors do not have the time to explain 36_____ a university library works; they expect students, 37______(special) graduate students, to be able to exhaust the reference origins in the library. Professors will help students who need it, but prefer that their students should not be too dependent on them. In the United States, professors have many other duties 38 ______ teaching, such as administrative or research work. Therefore, the time 39______ a professor can spend with a student outside of class 40______( limit). If a student has problems with classroom work, the

student should either approach a professor during office hours or make an appointment.

答案:

31. If / When 32. information 33. with 34. responsible 35. is assigned 36. how

37. particularly/especially

38. besides 39. which/ that 40. is limited 十一

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

This is a true story which happened in the States. A man came out of his home to admire his new truck. To his 31 (puzzle), his three-year-old son was 32 (happy) hammering dents(凹痕) into the shiny paint of the truck. The man ran to his son, knocked him away, hammered the little boy's hands into pulp(果浆汁) as 33 (punish). When the father calmed down, he rushed his son to the hospital.

34 the doctor tried desperately to save the crushed bones, he finally had to cut the fingers from both the boy's hands. When the boy 35 (wake) up from the operation and saw his bandaged stubs, he innocently said, “Daddy, I'm sorry about your truck.” Then he asked, “ 36 when are my fingers going to grow back?”

The father went home and committed suicide.

Think about this story 37 next time someone steps on your feet or you wish to take revenge. Think first 38 you lose your patience with someone you love. Trucks can 39 (repair). Broken bones and hurt feelings often can't. Too often we fail to recognize the difference between the person and the performance. We forget that forgiveness is 40 (great) than revenge.

People make mistakes. We are allowed to make mistakes. But the actions we take while in a rage will impress us forever.

31. puzzlement 32. happily 33. punishment 34. Although / Though

35. woke 36. but

37. the

38. before 39. be repaired 40. greater

十二

第二节: 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)
仔细阅读下面的短文,短文中有 10 个空格。请按照每小题的具体要 求完成语法填空。答案写在答题卷上标号为 31-40 的对应位置。

As I think back I realize how hard it is to view the world ____31____ the eyes of my childhood. ____32____ child’s mind is still filled with the idea that anything and everything is possible. They haven’t begun building the mental walls yet. Watch a child ____33____(learn) to walk and it’s amazing. No matter how many times they fall down, they hop back up ____34____ they instinctively know that eventually they’ll be able to walk. They don’t have to worry what ____35____ think. They have no need to put up a front(讲面子). They are who they are.

But somewhere along the line they learn to be ____36____(practice). Their creativity is blocked over time, as the world ____37____(teach) them to fit in. Eventually they don’t bounce back as fast 38 they fail. Learning is now something you have to do that is very boring and unpleasant.

You and I ____39____ tear down those walls that are closing in and start fresh. It’s time to bring back that sense of joy and wonder. When you’re setting your goals for the New Year, think like a child. Set your goals as if ____40____ is possible.
第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

31. through 32. a 33. learning 34. because 35. others

36. practical 37. teaches 38. when/if 39. can 40. anything

十三

In many countries, ___31___ is not unusual for families of different backgrounds to live together in the shared space. ___32___, in the United States, this idea may still be considered odd.
But this type of housing, ___33___(call) co-housing, is gaining ___34___ (popular) in the United States, too. Co-housing complexes are popping up across the country. For many people, this way of life is a relief to the busy modern lifestyle. A co-housing community has ___35___ (private) owned houses and shared land. There is often a “common house” with a kitchen and dining room, meeting room, and maybe a workshop of library or music room. About 25 co-housing communities ___36___ (build) in recent years, and 150 more are planned.
A co-housing complex is a place ___37___ residents shop, cook, and eat together. Residents of a co-housing complex like its sense of shared community. Children have other kids to play ___38___, ___39___ many families like. Other residents like the feeling of living in a “ village”. Residents also say that they can live in co-housing for ___40 ___ money than they would pay for nearby apartments.
31. it 32. However 33. called 34. popularity 35. privately 36. has been built 37. where 38. with 39. which 40. less
十四
第二节: 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)
I now had the key to all languages, __31_ I was eager to learn to use it. Children __32__ can hear learn languages without any particular effort. __33__ hear other people speak, and enjoy trying to make the same sounds. The__34__ child must learn languages in a slow and often painful way. __35__ even though the learning may be slow and painful, the result is wonderful. We advance gradually from merely__36__ (name) objects to understanding the thought in a line of Shakespeare.

At first, when my teacher told me about a new thing, I asked very__37__ questions. My ideas were not clear, and I didn’t know many. But as my knowledge of things__38__ ( grow) and I learned more and more words, I could ask more questions, and I would return again and again __39__ the same subject, eager for more information. Sometimes a new word made me remember an experience I had had__40__ (early). 三、语法
31. and 32. who 33. They 34. blind 35. But
36. naming 37. few 38. grew 39. to 40. earlier

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高考语法填空专题训练 一
第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)
Once there lived a rich man 31 wanted to do something for the people of his town. 32 first he wanted to find out whether they deserved his help.
In the centre of the main road into the town, he placed 33 very large stone. Then he 34 (hide ) behind a tree and waited. Soon an old man came along with his cow.
“Who put this stone in the centre of the road?” said the old man, but he did not try to remove the stone. Instead, with some difficulty he passed around the stone and continued on his way. 35 man came along and did the same thing; then another came ,and another. All of them complained about the stone but not tried to remove 36 . Late in the afternoon a young man came along. He saw the stone, 37 (say) to himself: “The night 38 (be) very dark. Some neighbors will come along later in the dark and will fall against the stone.”
Then he began to move the stone. He pushed and pulled with all his 39 (strong) to move it. How great was his surprise at last! 40 the stone, he found a bag of money.
第二节 语法填空
31. who 32. But 33. a 34. hid 35. Another 36. it 37. saying 38. will be 39. strength 40. Under

第二节:语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)
The Internet is an amazing information resource. Students, teachers, and researchers use it as __31_ investigative tool. Journalists use it to find information for stories. Doctors use it to learn more about unfamiliar diseases and the 32_ (late) medical development. Ordinary people use it for shopping, banking, bill-paying, and communicating with family and friends. People all over the world use it to connect with individuals from _33 countries and cultures. However, __34____there are many positive developments __35__ (associate) with the Internet, there are also certain fears and concerns. __36___ concern relates to a lack of control over__37__ appears on the Internet. With television and radio there are editors to check the accuracy or appropriateness of the content of programs, and with television there are 38 (restrict) on what kinds of programs can __39__

(broadcast) and at what times of the day. With the Internet, parents cannot check a published guide to determine what is suitable __40____ their children to see.

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

31. an 32. latest 33.other/different 34. while

35.associated

36. One 37. what

38. restrictions

39. be broadcast(ed) 40.for



第二节:语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

Crying marriage? 31 (surprise), isn’t it? Factually, the custom of crying marriage existed a long time ago in many areas of Southwest China’s Sichuan Province, and 32 (remain) in fashion 33 the end of the Qing Dynasty. Though not so popular as before, the custom is still observed by people in many places, especially Tujia people, who view it as a 34 (necessary) to marriage procedure.
It is very much 35 same in different places of the province. According to elderly people, every bride had to cry at the wedding. 36 , the bride’s neighbors would look down upon 37 as a poorly cultivated girl and she would become the laughingstock of the village. In fact, there were cases 38 which the bride was beaten by her mother for not crying at the wedding ceremony.

In a word, crying at wedding is a 39 by custom to set off the happiness of the wedding through falsely sorrowful words. However, in the 40 (arrange) marriages of the old days of China, there were indeed quite a lot of brides who cried over their unsatisfactory marriage and even their miserable life.
语法填空:

31. Surprising 32.remained 33. until/till 34. necessity

35. the

36. Otherwise 37. her

38. in

39. way/means

40. arranged



第二节:语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

In my free time, I really like surfing the Internet. When I get home from work, I turn on my computer, wait __31____it boots up completely, and then I go online. I usually check my email first and then write a few messages __32____ family and friends. I sometimes scan the local news headlines at ___33___ favorite news Website and read up on the latest local and international news. This Website often

provides video news clips____34___ you can view online. I sometimes order products or service online to save money and time instead of going to a store and__35____(buy) what I'm looking for. For example, I ___36____ (order)a digital camera online the other day and saved about $50. Whatever I do, I realize that there are problems__37_____ using the Internet including scams, identify theft, and viruses, so I'm very careful not to give out my ____38_____ (person) information. Furthermore, I don't download or open files I don't recognize. Using the Internet can be fun and__39____ convenient way of shopping and finding out new information, _____40___ you just need to be careful
语法填空 : 31 until / till 32. to 33. my 34 that / which 35. buying
五 第二节:语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)
In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are neccessary. Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear ______31________ spoken.. Secondly, we must be able to speak it correctly with confidence and without hesitation. _____32_______ ,we must be able to read the language , and fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct.
There is no easy way to success _____33_______ language learning. _____34________ good memory is of great help, but it is not enough only _____35________(memorize) rules from a grammar book. It is not much use learning by heart long list of words and ______36_________meaning, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn by using the language. _______37_______we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the languang. “Learn through use” is a good piece of _____38______(advise) for those ______39______are studying a new language. Practice is important. We must practise speaking and ____40____(write) the language whenever we can.
答案:
31.it 32. Thirdly 33. in 34. A 35. to memorize 36. their 37. If 38. advice 39. who 40. writing
六 第二节:语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)
At one point along an open highway, I came to a crossroads with a traffic light. I was alone on the road by now, but 31 I drove up to the light, it turned red,

and I braked to a halt. I look left, right, and behind me. Nothing. 32 a car, no suggestion of headlights, but there I sat, 33 (wait) the light to change, the only human being for at least a mile in any direction.
I started wondering 34 I refused to run the light. I was not afraid of 35 (catch) by the police, because there was obviously no cop anywhere around and 36 certainly would have been no danger in going 37 it. Much later that night, the 38 question of why I’d stopped for that light came 39 to me. I think I stopped because it’s part of a contract (合同) we all have with each other. It’s not only the law, but it’s an agreement we have, and we trust each other to honor 40 : we don’t go through red lights. Like most of us, I’m more ready to be stopped from doing something bad by the social agreement that disapproves of it than by any law against it.

答案:

31. as / when 32. Not 33.waiting 34. why 35. being caught

36. there 37. through 38.same

39.back

40. it


第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)
Nowadays, millions 31 lonely singles are now going online instead. 32 World Wide Web is quickly becoming the world’s most popular matchmaker(媒人).
Singles are flocking(涌向) to the Internet 33 (main) because their busy lifestyles leave them little time to look for a significant other. Using dating sites(约 会网址) is quick and convenient. Many singles say the regular dating scene 34 (just lead) them from one bad experience to 35 and are ready to try something else. Dating sites also make 36 easy to avoid someone 37 you are not interested in. In the real world, 38 , ignoring someone you don’t like can be difficult.
Despite all the advantages, online dating also presents its own set of problems. People aren’t always those who they declare to be in their online 39 (describe). Safety is another concern. You are just 40 (like) to find a criminal online as you are Mr. Or Miss Right.

答案: 31. of 32. The 33. mainly 34. has just led 35. another 36. it

37. who / whom 38. however 39. description 40. likely



第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

Polar bears are suffering in a 31 (warm) world than ever before.

Polar bears live in environments too cold for most animals. 32 much of the year, they live and hunt on the frozen Arctic sea ice. Nature has prepared 33 for the cold conditions. But nothing has prepared the bears for the danger that 34 (threat) the only home they know.

The polar bears’ world is melting. Studies show that the polar ice has reduced by 9.8% every 10 years 35 1978. Now about 20,000 to 25,000 polar bears live in the Arctic. Polar bears depend on the sea ice for their 36 (survive). “The sea ice is more than just this platform that the bears walk over,” says Andrew Derocher, 37 scientist who studies North American polar bear populations. “ 38 it, they can’t exist.”

Some melting and refreezing of the polar ice is natural. 39 in a warmer world, these cycles speed up, and bears have less time to hunt. Normally, they have three months in the spring when they gain more weight. The extra fat is used later, 40 the bears are not actively hunting.

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

题号 31 32
33 34 35 36 37 38
39
40

赋分 1.5 分 1.5 分 1.0 分 1.5 分 1.5 分 1.5 分 1.5 分 1.5 分 1.5 分 1.0 分
1.5 分 1.0 分 1.5 分

答案 warmer For/During for/during
them threatens
since survival
a Without without
But but when


第二节:语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

31 is possible that we simply do not stay in one place for a true friendship to develop. However, there can be no disagreement on the need for each of us 32 (think) carefully about the kind of friendships we want.
To most of us, friendships are considered 33 (importance), but need to have clear in our own minds 34 kinds of friendships we want .Are they to be close or 35 (keep) at arm’s length? Do we want to share ourselves or do we want to walk on the surface? For some people, many friendships on the surface are quite enough—and that’s all right .But at some point we need to make sure that our expectations are the same as our 36 (friend)expectations. If one wants more from the friendship than the other, 37 if this is not talked about, one is likely at last to fell that he’s holding the short end of the stick. The sharing of personal experience 38 (include) our tears as well as our dark dreams 39 (be) the surest way to deepen friendships. But it must be undertaken slowly and carried on only if there signs of interest and action 40 return.
答案:
31. It 32. to think 33. important 34.the 35. kept 36.friends’ 37. and 38. including 39.is 40. in

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)
Many teachers believe that the responsibilities for learning lie with the student. 31_____ a long reading assignment is given, instructors expect students to be familiar with 32_____ (inform) in the reading even if they do not discuss it in class or take an examination. The ideal student is considered to be one who is motivated to learn for the sake of learning, not the one interested only in getting high grades. Sometimes homework is returned 33_____ brief written comments but without a grade. Even if a grade is not given, the student is 34_________(responsibility) for learning the material assigned. When research 35______( assign), the professor expects the student to take it actively and to complete it with minimum guidance. It is the student's responsibility to find books, magazines, and articles in the library. Professors do not have the time to explain 36_____ a university library works; they expect students, 37______(special) graduate students, to be able to exhaust the reference origins in the library. Professors will help students who need it, but prefer that their students should not be too dependent on them. In the United States, professors have many other duties 38 ______ teaching, such as administrative or research work. Therefore, the time 39______ a professor can spend with a student outside of class 40______( limit). If a student has problems with classroom work, the student should either approach a professor during office hours or make an appointment.

答案:

31. If / When 32. information 33. with 36. how

34. responsible 35. is assigned

37. particularly/especially

38. besides 39. which/ that 40. is limited 十一

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

This is a true story which happened in the States. A man came out of his home
to admire his new truck. To his 31 (puzzle), his three-year-old son was 32 (happy) hammering dents(凹痕) into the shiny paint of the truck. The man ran to his son, knocked him away, hammered the little boy's hands into pulp(果浆汁) as 33
(punish). When the father calmed down, he rushed his son to the hospital.

34 the doctor tried desperately to save the crushed bones, he finally had to cut the fingers from both the boy's hands. When the boy 35 (wake) up from the operation and saw his bandaged stubs, he innocently said, “Daddy, I'm sorry about your truck.” Then he asked, “ 36 when are my fingers going to grow back?”

The father went home and committed suicide.

Think about this story 37 next time someone steps on your feet or you wish to take revenge. Think first 38 you lose your patience with someone you love. Trucks can 39 (repair). Broken bones and hurt feelings often can't. Too often we fail to recognize the difference between the person and the performance. We forget that forgiveness is 40 (great) than revenge.

People make mistakes. We are allowed to make mistakes. But the actions we take while in a rage will impress us forever.

31. puzzlement 32. happily

33. punishment 34. Although / Though

35. woke greater

36. but

37. the

38. before 39. be repaired 40.

十二

第二节: 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)
仔细阅读下面的短文,短文中有 10 个空格。请按照每小题的具体 要求完成语法填空。答案写在答题卷上标号为 31-40 的对应位置。

As I think back I realize how hard it is to view the world ____31____ the eyes of my childhood. ____32____ child’s mind is still filled with the idea that anything and everything is possible. They haven’t begun building the mental walls yet. Watch a child ____33____(learn) to walk and it’s amazing. No matter how many times they fall down, they hop back up ____34____ they instinctively know that eventually they’ll be able to walk. They don’t have to worry what ____35____ think. They have no need to put up a front(讲面子). They are who they are.

But somewhere along the line they learn to be ____36____(practice). Their creativity is blocked over time, as the world ____37____(teach) them to fit in. Eventually they don’t bounce back as fast 38 they fail. Learning is now something you have to do that is very boring and unpleasant.
You and I ____39____ tear down those walls that are closing in and start fresh. It’s time to bring back that sense of joy and wonder. When you’re setting your goals for the New Year, think like a child. Set your goals as if ____40____ is possible.
第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)
31. through 32. a 33. learning 34. because 35. others
36. practical 37. teaches 38. when/if 39. can 40. anything
十三
In many countries, ___31___ is not unusual for families of different backgrounds to live together in the shared space. ___32___, in the United States, this idea may still be considered odd.
But this type of housing, ___33___(call) co-housing, is gaining ___34___ (popular) in the United States, too. Co-housing complexes are popping up across the country. For many people, this way of life is a relief to the busy modern lifestyle. A co-housing community has ___35___ (private) owned houses and shared land. There is often a “common house” with a kitchen and dining room, meeting room, and maybe a workshop of library or music room. About 25 co-housing communities ___36___ (build) in recent years, and 150 more are planned.
A co-housing complex is a place ___37___ residents shop, cook, and eat together. Residents of a co-housing complex like its sense of shared community. Children have other kids to play ___38___, ___39___ many families like. Other residents like the feeling of living in a “ village”. Residents also say that they can live in co-housing for ___40 ___ money than they would pay for nearby apartments.
31. it 32. However 33. called 34. popularity 35. privately 36. has been built 37. where 38. with 39. which 40. less
十四
第二节: 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)
I now had the key to all languages, __31_ I was eager to learn to use it. Children __32__ can hear learn languages without any particular effort. __33__ hear other people speak, and enjoy trying to make the same sounds. The__34__ child must learn languages in a slow and often painful way. __35__ even though the learning may be slow and painful, the result is wonderful. We advance gradually from merely__36__ (name) objects to understanding the thought in a line of Shakespeare.

At first, when my teacher told me about a new thing, I asked very__37__ questions. My ideas were not clear, and I didn’t know many. But as my knowledge of things__38__ ( grow) and I learned more and more words, I could ask more questions, and I would return again and again __39__ the same subject, eager for more information. Sometimes a new word made me remember an experience I had had__40__ (early).
三、语法

31. and

32. who 33. They 34. blind 35. But

36. naming 37. few 38. grew 39. to 40. earlier
2015 高考英语一轮短文改错复习题有解析 莲山课件 原文地址:http://www.5ykj.com/shti/gaosan/138737.htm (2014 届黑龙江省哈三中高三上学期第三次验收) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下写出该加的词。 删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2 .只允许修改 10 处, 多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 As is known, that it is interesting to teach children to swim while they are still babies. Most large town in Florida and California have already run particularly lessons for babies. The idea has quickly spread to Europe which, in several countries, special courses were now offered to children who are from 7 to 24 months old. The first step is to have child get rid of the fear with water. Next, he is teaching to float in water. Once he can do that naturally and can swim with fear, the child can master the technique and push him forward through water. 【答案】 1.去掉 that 2. town 改成 towns 3. particularly 改成 particular 4. which 改成 where 5. were 改成 are 6. have 与 child 之间加 a 7. with water 改成 of water 8. teaching 改成 taught 9. with 改成 without 10. him 改成 himself 2 (2014 届浙江省温州中学高三上学期期中) Dear Mr. Black, I’m very thank to you for inviting me to stay with you in the come summer vacation. I have been dreamed of seeing you again so that I can get help from you in my English learning. And I’m afraid I cannot go to your pla ce in this summer. I’ve promised my grandmother, she lives in th e

country, to spend this summer with her. She misses me too much that I find dif ficult to refuse her request. I’m busy preparing for my examinations in present. I planned to visit you in winter if it’s convenient to you. Best wishes. Yours truly, Li Ying 【答案】 1. thank 改为 thankful 2. come 改为 coming 3. dreamed 改为 dreaming 4. And 改为 But5ykj.com 5. 去掉 in 6. she 改为 who 7. too 改为 so 8. find 后面加 it 9. in 改为 at 10. planned 改为 plan 3 (2014 届浙江省浙北名校联盟高三上学期期中联考) 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误,请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均限一 词;
2.只允许修改 10 处,多者 (从第 11 处起)不计分。 One year ago, I was in great trouble. I worked hard at English and devote all my spare time to practise it. But I failed to pass the mid-term examination, which made me great disappointed. So I asked my grandpa for advice when I got to home. Hearing that I told him, he said, “To some extent, examination results are sometime unexpected by your study level. You can’t judge your progress by one examination.” He encouraged myself to work hard for long time to check my results. I took my grandpa’s advice. Now I realize that the process of learning is much more important and my English is more better than before. From my experience, I feel that we should listen to opinion from old people. 【答案】 1. devote → devoted 2. practise → practicing 3. great → greatly 4. 去掉 to。 5. that → what 6. sometime →sometimes 7. myself → me 8. for 和 long 之间加 a。 9. more → much 10. opinion → opinions

4 (2013-2014 学年内蒙古包头市一中高三入学考试) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词 的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 A man was driving on the road. Suddenly his cars stopped. He got out of the car tried to find out the trouble. “It’s the motor.” Said the voice behind him. He was surprising and turned around. But he saw only an old horse. “Did you say something?” he asked. “I said you should check yours motor.”The horse replied. The man rushed to the nearest house. With a very excited voice, he told the farmer had happened. The farmer, therefore, showed no sign of excitement. He explained, “He didn’t know anything about cars. He can only repeat wha t I often s ay. 【答案】 1. cars 改成 car 2. tried→trying 3. the→a 4. surprising→surprised 5. something→anything 6. yours→ your 7. With →In 8. the farmer∧had →what 9. therefore→however 10. didn’t→doesn’t 5 (2014 届浙江省江山实验中学高三上学期第一次阶段性测试) 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一个横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从十一处起)不计分。 It is real a good chance to have met all of you here. We have spent several precious weekend in learning in the English Club. Although we have been members for a short period of times, we have made a great progress. That is because we are all very much active and the activities are not only enjoyable and also helpful. Besides, the foreign teachers here work hard and try his best to make the activities lively and inter ested. I am very pleased to say that all of us greatly improved our spoken English so far. I am looking forward to see all of you again in the near future! 【答案】
1. real--really 2. weekend--weekends 3. times--time

4. 去掉 a 5. 去掉 much 6. and--but 7. his--their 8. interested--interesting 9. us∧have 10. see--seeing 6 (2014 届浙江省湖州市八校高三上学期第二次联考) 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误,请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(/)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,在该词下面写出改正后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 I can’t swim so I have a strong fear of water. Look back at my childhood, I think that three reasons might explain fear. Firstly, I am not allowed to go near the water when I was a child, as my mother had an unreasonable fear of it. Therefore, I was taught to see to the water as something danger. Secondly, my eyes became bad when I was five. If I took off my glass in the water, I couldn’t see something, and this increased my fear. What’s worse, for a child I once saw a neighbor drowned. Since then I have been more frightening. 【答案】 1. so—because 2. look—looking 3. 加 the 4. am—was 5. 去掉 to 6. danger--dangerous 7. glass--glasses 8. something---anything 9. for--as 10. frightening—frightened 7 新*课*标*第*一*网 (2014 届云南省部分名校高三第一次联考(11 月) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧ ),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线(__),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 People often have troubles getting used to a new culture. They are usually curious when they firs t arrive a foreign country. Therefore, if they stay for a long time, they may start to feel different stages of culture shock. They can feel alone or sad because he can’t deal with the local people.

How quick people get used to culture differences may be depend on the way they learn. That’s a problem if they can’t speak the language. On other hand, some can study the situation and make good guesses about the culture. When they finally began to understand some of the language and make some new friends, they will gradually enjoy themselves and feel satisfying. 【答案】 1. troubles 改为 trouble。 2. arrive 后加 in。 3. Therefore 改为 However。 4. alone 改为 lonely。 5. he 改为 they。 6. quick 改为 quickly。 7. may be depend on 中删去 be。 8. other 前加 the。 9. began 改为 begin。 10. satisfying 改为 satisfied。 8 (2014 届黑龙江哈师大附中高三上学期期中)
【答案】 1. shall---should 2. specially---special 3. responding to 4. the best 5. appreciation 6. will prefer ---prefer 7. which---what 8. bringing 9. means 10. ourselves 9 (2014 届河北省衡水中学高三上学期四调考试) 英语课上,老师要求同桌同学相互修改作文。假设以下短文为你同桌所写,请你对其进行修 改。文中共有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号∧,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线\划掉。 修改:在错词下面划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2、只允许修改 10 处,多者从第 11 处不计分。 Dear Joe, Thanks for you mail. I’m glad to k now you are interested in the 2014 Florida Winter Camp. It will be held from January 27 to February 13, during that time you will get wonderful experience. You will have chances to improve your speaking English in the courses providing. Also, activities arranged for you to spend weekends together with your host family, so you can learn American English in authentic situations. However, a trip to the local Disneyland will certainly add up the

fun of the camp. Join in the camp and you will have the better knowledge of American culture and life. You are sure to benefit from it.
Yours truly Li Hua
【答案】 1. you→your 2. that→which 3. 在“get”后面加 a 或 experienc→experiences 4. speaking→spoken 5. providing→provided 6. 在“arranged”前面加 are 7. However→Besides/Also/Morever 8. up→ to 9. 去掉 in 10. the→a 10 (2014 届河南省南阳市高三五校联谊期中考试) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处浯言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及—个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均限一词。
2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 My neighbor Jackie is always consideration to others. One day , I was going to deliver a speech at an institute while I found my car wouldn’t get started. I rushed to the street to hire a taxi. Just at that time I come across Jackie. He was hurried going to attend his sick mother in hospital. Furthermore, when he learned about my problems, he didn’t hesitate to give me a lift. I arrived at the lecture hall in time, when the audience had been present . I owe my great thanks to my neighbour Jackie , he is a person ready to help the others at any time. 【答案】 1. consideration 改成 considerate 2. While 改成 when 3. come 改成 came 4. hurried 改成 hurriedly 5. attend 后面 加 to 6. Furthermore 改成 however 7. problems 改成 problem 8. when 改成 where 9 . he 改成 who 10. 去掉 the 11 (2014 届黑龙江省齐齐哈尔实验中学高三上学期期中考试)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处浯言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及—个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均限一词。
2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 I went hiking to a mountain with my friend last summer. It was a good trip in the beginning and something unexpected happened halfway. One of my friends suddenly felt a terrible pain in his stomach and he couldn’t move any far. Nobody knew how to deal it. One girl tried to call her mum over her mobile phone, but there is no signal in the mountain area. Lucky we had brought a tent with us. We put it up and let him to rest in it. Aft er taken some pills, he drank some water and ate some food. After a while, I felt much better and we walked on. We all enjoyed us on the top of the mountain. 【答案】 1. 第一句:friend 改成 friends; 2. 第二句:and 改成 but 3. 第三句:far 改成 farther 4. 第四句:deal 后加 with 5. 第五句:is 改成 was 6. 第六句:Lucky 改成 Luckily 7. 第七句:去掉 rest 前面的 to 8. 第八句:taken 改成 taking 9. 第九句:I 改成 he 10. 第十句:us 改成 ourselves 12 (201 4 届浙江省衢州一中高三上学期期中考试) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处浯言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及—个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均限一词。
2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Nowadays, some students would not like to live in a dormitory. Instead, they rented houses outside the school. There are advantages for them all. Living in a dormitory can increase friendship and cooperation among classmates, but of course it is safer.Besides, a dormitory is more like a society, where enables students to learn to get along with the each other,thus preparing the social life later. As for renting houses to live lonely, it’s better for your study as you can feel freely in your own room without being interrupted by others. As a result,you can have a plenty of time to devote yourself to review your lessons wholeheartedly. But there may appear a few safety problem as you live outside the school. Anyhow as a student, I prefer living in a dormitory. 【答案】

1. rented 改为 rent 2. all 改为 both 3. but 改为 and 4. where 改为 which 5. repairing 后面加 for 6. lonely 改为 alone 7. freely 改为 free 8. 去掉 a 9. review 改为 reviewing 10. problem 改为 problems 13 (2014 届浙江省湖州中学高三上学期期中考试) 假如英语课上老师要求同学们交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的一篇作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误, 要求你在错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从 11 处起)不记分。 Patience is of great importance in our daily life. Once I waited a bus to come at a stop. 30 minutes past, but no bus came. Both sad and annoyed, I decided to walk on feet. But no sooner had I left when the bus arrived. I thought if I had waited for one more minute, I would have caught it. If I chose to take a next bus, I would have to wait for other 30 minutes. Only then do I realize my problem. Being impatient will possible waste all the effort that we have put it in. Now whenever I am close to lose my patience, I’ll think of this experience. 【答案】 1. 加上 for 2. past → passed 3. feet → foot 4. when → than 5. a → the 6. other → another 7. do → did 8. possible → possibly 9. 去掉 it 10. lose → losing 14 (2014 届辽宁省抚顺市六校联合体高三上学期期中考试) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的一篇作文。文 中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词; 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉;x k b 1 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出改正后的词。 注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2、只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 As students, all of us will be faced a problem after passed the college entrance examination. Should we choose a good major and a good university first? Here are some differe nt ideas. Some more prefer to choose a major firs t so they can learn that they are interested in. In this way they can put their he arts into study and got their favorite jobs in the future. Other believe that the environment is important to one’s develop and that graduates from key universities are more likely to find good jobs. As long as I’m concerned, the best choice is a good university if we can’ t obtain all. 【答案】 1. faced 后面加上 with 2. passed 改成 passing 3. and 改成 or 4. Some 后面的 more 去掉 5. learn 后面的 that 改成 what 6. got 改成 get 7. Other 改成 Others 8. develop 改成 development 9. long 改成 far 10. all 改成 both 15 (2014 届吉林省长春外国语学校高三上学期期中考试) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的一篇作文。文 中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词; 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉; 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出改正后的词。 注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;5ykj.com
2、只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Editor, I’m the only daughter of my parents. So they worried about everything I do. For example, when I ride my bike, my parents won’t let me to ride by myself. They are afraid I might fall off my bike and hurt myself. They are taking great trouble to support a bike, w ith my mother even carried a first-aid box. I’m not free to ride and I often say angry, “Why not let me ride alone?” Now, most family have one child. Parents want to do everything for his children. This does no good on them. Too many love from parents may prevent children from independent. In my opinion, parents should let their children do t hat they should do alone. 【答案】 1. worried—worry/加 are 2. 去掉 to 3. the--a 4. carried—carrying 5. angry—angrily 6. his--their

7. family--families 8. many--much 9. on--to 10. that--what 文章来 源 莲山课件 原文地址:http://www.5ykj.com/shti/gaosan/138737.htm 专题十 七选五
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Passage 1 (2014·北京卷) Evaluating Sources of Health Information Making good choices about your own health requires reasonable evaluation. A key first step in bettering your evaluation ability is to look carefully at your sources of health information. Reasonable evaluation includes knowing where and how to find relevant information, how to separate fact from opinion, how to recognize poor reasoning, and how to analyze information and the reliability of sources. __1__ Go to the original source. Media reports often simplify the results of medical research. Find out for yourself what a study really reported, and determine whether it was based on good science. Think about the type of study. __2__ Watch for misleading language. Some studies will find that a behavior “contributes to” or is “associated with” an outcome; this does not mean that a certain course must lead to a certain result. __3__ Carefully read or listen to information in order to fully understand it. Use your common sense. If a report seems too good to be true, probably it is. Be especially careful of information contained in advertisements. __4__ Evaluate “scientific” statements carefully, and be aware of quackery(江湖骗术). __5__ Friends and family members can be a great source of ideas and inspiration, but each of us needs to find a healthy lifestyle that works for us. Developing the ability to evaluate reasonably and independently about health problems will serve you well throughout your life. A.Make choices that are right for you. B.The goal of an ad is to sell you something. C.Be sure to work through the critical questions. D.And examine the findings of the original research. E.Distinguish between research reports and public health advice. F.Be aware that information may also be incorrectly explained by an author's point of view. G.The following suggestions can help you sort through the health information you receive from common sources. 答案与解析 本文为说明文。作者针对如何识别正确的健康信息提供了一些建议。 1.G 根据文章第二段、第三段、第四段的首句可以看出作者提供了一些建议,因此本空 引出了下文的多个建议,故选择 G 项。 2.D 根据第二段的第一句“Go to the original source.”可以看出 D 选项“And examine the findings of the original research.”与第二段内容匹配。 3.F 根据第三段第一句“Watch for misleading language.”可以看出 F 项“Be aware that information may also be incorrectly explained...”与本段内容匹配。

4.B 空格处前一句中出现的 advertisements 与 B 项中的 ad 对应,因此选择 B 项。 5.A 空格后的“...that works for us.”与 A 项“Make choices that are right for you.”对应, 故选择 A 项。 Passage 2 (2014·辽宁卷) Eyesight plays a very important role in our daily life. Every waking moment, the eyes are working to see the world around us. Over forty percent of Americans worry about losing eyesight, but it's easy to include steps into our daily life to ensure healthy eyes. Here are five suggestions for a lifetime of healthy eyesight: ·Schedule yearly exams. __1__ Experts advise parents to bring babies 6 to 12 months of age to the doctor for a careful check. The good news is that millions of children now can have yearly eye exams and following treatment, including eyeglasses. ·Protect against UV rays (紫外线). Longterm stay in the sun creates risk to your eyes. No matter what the season is, it's extremely important to wear sunglasses. __2__ ·Give your eyes a break. Twothirds of Americans spend up to seven hours a day using computers or other digital products. __3__ Experts recommend that people practice the 20/20/20 rule: every 20 minutes, take a 20second break and look at something 20 feet away. ·__4__ As part of a healthy diet, eat more fruits and vegetables each day. Vitamins (维生素) C and E help protect eyesight and promote eye health. ·Practice safe wear and care of contact lenses (隐形眼镜). Many Americans use contact lenses to improve their eyesight. While some follow the medical guidance for wearing contact lenses, many are breaking the rules and putting their eyesight at risk. __5__ Otherwise, you may have problems such as red eyes, pain in the eyes, or a more serious condition. A.Eat your greens. B.Eye care should begin early in life. C.They can properly protect your eyes. D.Stay in good shape by taking more vitamins. E.Parents usually don't care about their own eyesight. F.Always follow the doctor's advice for appropriate wear. G.This frequent eye activity increases the risk for eye tiredness. 答案与解析 本文为说明文。文章主要给出了五种拥有健康视力的建议。 1.B 根据上文 Schedule yearly exams. 和下文 Experts advise parents to bring babies 6 to 12 months of age... 及选项中的 Eye care 和 early in life 可知选 B 项。 2.C 戴太阳镜预防紫外线,它们可以适当地保护你的眼睛。本句是对上文的总结概括。 3.G 三分之二的美国人一天会花费多达 7 小时的时间来使用电脑或其他数码产品。这种 频繁的眼部活动会提高眼睛疲劳的风险。根据句意应选择 G 项。 4.A Eat your greens. 吃出绿色。下文均与饮食有关,所以选 A 项。 5.F 上下文均与戴隐形眼镜有关,所以选择含有关键词 wear 的选项。medical guidance 和 doctor's advice 也互为暗示。 Passage 3 (2014·课标全国卷Ⅱ) Tips for Cooking on a Tight Schedule From my experience, there are three main reasons why people don't cook more often: ability,

money, and time. __1__ Money is a topic I'll save for another day. So today I want to give you some wisdom about how to make the most of the time you spend in the kitchen. Here are three tips for great cooking on a tight schedule: 1.Think ahead. The moments when I think cooking is a pain are when I'm already hungry and there's nothing ready to eat. So think ahead of the coming week. When will you have time to cook? Do you have the right materials already? __2__ 2.Make your time worth it. When you do find time to cook a meal, make the most of it and save yourself time later on. Are you making one loaf of bread? __3__ It takes around the same amount of time to make more of something. So save yourself the effort for a future meal. 3.__4__ This may surprise you, but one of the best tools for making cooking worth your time is experimentation. It gives you the chance to hit upon new ideas and recipes that can work well with your appetite and schedule. The more you learn and the more you try, the more ability you have to take control of your food and your schedule. Hopefully that gives you a good start. __5__ And don't let a busy schedule discourage you from making some great changes in the way you eat and live! A.Try new things. B.Ability is easily improved. C.Make three or four instead. D.Understand your food better. E.Cooking is a burden for many people. F.Let cooking and living simply be a joy rather than a burden. G.A little time planning ahead can save a lot of work later on. 答案与解析 本文为说明文,题材是介绍说明类。紧张的生活节奏并不妨碍你为自己或家人做上一顿可口 的饭菜,看看作者为我们提供的建议吧。 1.B 上文提到三个不常做饭的理由:能力、钱和时间。下文提到钱是下一个话题,这里主 要谈论如何利用花费在烹饪上的时间,故答案选 B(能力是容易改进的)。 2.G 该段建议提前做出烹饪计划,故答案选 G(提前一点制订计划会省去很多后面的工作)。 3.C 根据下文“花费几乎相同的时间来制作更多食物”可推断出,这里指把制作一条面包 改为制作三到四条面包。 4.A 根据下文 It gives you the chance to hit upon new ideas and recipes... 可推断出,本空应 选 A(尝试新事物)。 5.F 根据下文“不要让繁忙的日程妨碍你在饮食和生活方式上做出美好的改变”可推断出, 答案选 F(让烹饪和生活仅仅是快乐而非负担)。 Passage 4 (2013·北京卷) Urbanization Until relatively recently, the vast majority of human beings lived and died without ever seeing a city. The first city was probably founded no more than 5,500 years ago. __1__ In fact, nearly everyone lived on farms or in tiny rural (乡村的) villages. It was not until the 20th century that Great Britain became the first urban society in history—a society in which the majority of people live in cities and do not farm for a living. Britain was only the beginning. __2__The process of urbanization—the migration (迁徙) of people from the countryside to the city—was the result of modernization, which has rapidly

transformed how people live and where they live. In 1990, fewer than 40% of Americans lived in urban areas. Today, over 82% of Americans live in cities. Only about 2% live on farms. __3__ Large cities were impossible until agriculture became industrialized. Even in advanced agricultural societies, it took about ninetyfive people on farms to feed five people in cities.__4__ Until modern times, those living in cities were mainly the ruling elite(精英) and the servants, laborers and professionals who served them. Cities survived by taxing farmers and were limited in size by the amount of surplus food that the rural population produced and by the ability to move this surplus from farm to city. Over the past two centuries, the Industrial Revolution has broken this balance between the city and the country. __5__ Today, instead of needing ninetyfive farmers to feed five city people, one American farmer is able to feed more than a hundred nonfarmers. A.That kept cities very small. B.The rest live in small towns. C.The effects of urban living on people should be considered. D.Soon many other industrial nations became urban societies. E.But even 200 years ago, only a few people could live in cities. F.Modernization drew people to the cities and made farmers more productive. G.Modern cities have destroyed social relations and the health of human beings. 答案与解析 本文为说明文,题材为社会与热点,主要讲述了城市化的进程。 1.E 第一段主要讲述了在过去城市非常少,大多数人都是住在农场或乡村里,根据主旨可 知应选择 E 项。 2.D 空格前一句中的 beginning 与 D 项中的 Soon 相对应,英国只是个开始,之后一些其 他的国家也开始成为城市化的社会,故选择 D 项。 3.B 空格所在的段落通过列举数据来体现现在城市化的扩大,绝大多数的美国人住在城市 里,少部分住在农场里,因此此空说明剩下的人居住在何地,故选择 B 项。 4.A 此空之前在阐述过去城市不可能大的原因,因此 A 项与前面的意思对应。 5.F 空格前一句阐述工业革命打破了此前城市和乡村的这种平衡,因此空格处是对前一句 内容的进一步阐述,因此选择 F 项。
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Passage 1 (2014·东北三校二模) Everyone needs a break, and vacations are not meant for serious study. __1__ The Spring Festival is coming up so this is the perfect time to discuss some great English language literature to take on a long train journey. Before getting into the recommendations, you need to determine your English reading comprehension level. If you're at the beginner's level, there are two options: reading a children's book or reading a book that you've read in Chinese translation. __2__ If you're at the intermediate level, popular books like pop fiction, mysteries and thrillers are good options. For advanced readers, classic works of literature or modern prize winners (Nobel, Pulitzer) are good options. __3__ When I pick up a book I like, even though the first few chapters are really hard to get through, I would try to get accustomed to the language the author uses. Generally, after the first

few chapters, things get a lot easier, especially if I get involved in the story. Another great way to keep yourself motivated is to find a friend who's interested in reading the same book. You can make goals that you both want to achieve. __4__
Some quick recommendations: Harry Potter, start with the first book and go on from there; the Narnia series; anything by U.S. writer Michael Crichton; and if you like horror, U.S. writer Stephen King is always unusual and fun. __5__ Happy reading! A.If you pick a book which is so challenging, it will be too stressful. B.The most important thing is to pick a book that you're really interested in. C.You may also enjoy your reading when hanging out with your family. D.You should just find a topic or author you're interested in, and the rest will go from there. E.You can also discuss plot lines or vocabulary issues with each other by SMS or email. F.Instead, they're a great way to take a break and enjoy a good book. G.This will help you get over any unfamiliar words or phrases, since you're already familiar with the story. 答案与解析 本文谈论了怎样接触英语文学,并对不同程度的读者提供了阅读建议。 1.F 根据上文 needs a break, 以及“假期不是为了严肃而认真地学习”可知此处用 Instead... 转折引出下文较合适。 2.G 根据常识可知读者读过中译本,则会 be familiar with the story, 故选 G 项。 3.B 根据 a book I like 可知作者建议:选择感兴趣的书。 4.E 第四段主要讲和朋友一起读书能做的事,所以 E 项正确。 5.D 上文提到了 Harry Potter, the Narnia series, Michael Crichton, Stephen King 都是推荐读 的书目及作者,而且也提到了 horror,这是一个 topic,都包括在 D 项内,所以 D 项正确。 Passage 2 (2014·河北衡水中学调研) Americans use many expressions with the word “dog”. People in the United States love their dogs and treat them well. __1__ However, dogs without owners to care for them lead a different kind of life. The expression, to lead a dog's life, describes a person who has an unhappy existence. Some people say we live in a dogeatdog world. __2__ They say that to be successful, a person has to work like a dog. This means they have to work very, very hard. Such hard work can make people dogtired. And, the situation would be even worse if they became sick as a dog. __3__ This means that every person enjoys a successful period during his or her life. To be successful, people often have to learn new skills. Yet, some people say that you can never teach an old dog new tricks. They believe that older people do not like to learn new things and will not change the way they do things. __4__ People who are unkind or uncaring can be described as meaner than a junkyard dog. Junkyard dogs live in places where people throw away things they do not want. Mean dogs are often used to guard this property. They bark or attack people who try to enter the property. However, sometimes a person who appears to be mean and threatening is really not so bad. We say his bark is worse than his bite. Dog expressions are also used to describe the weather. The dog days of summer are the hottest days of the year. A rainstorm may cool the weather. But we do not want it to rain too hard. __5__ A.Still, people say every dog has its day. B.We do not want it to rain cats and dogs.

C.Some people are compared to dogs in bad ways. D.Dogs are their best friends and they are loyal to people. E.There are many other expressions waiting for you to explore. F.That means many people are competing for the same things, like good jobs. G.They take their dogs for walks, let them play outside and give them good food and medical care. 答案与解析 本文为一篇说明文。文章介绍了一些与 dog 相关的俗语。 1.G 根据空格前一句内容可知,美国人喜爱而且善待狗,故选 G 项,即举例说明美国人 的待狗之道。此题易错选 D 项。狗的忠诚与上下文毫无关系。 2.F 根据篇章结构,每提出一个新的俗语,下文便有文字对前面的俗语进行解释。故此处 选用作解释的内容最为合适。故选 F 项。 3.A 空格后的内容正是对选项的解释,故选 A 项。 4.C 根据空格后一句,那些不友好、不关心他人的人通常被描述成 meaner than a junkyard dog 可知,本段应该是用 dog 的短语来比喻不好的人。故选 C 项。 5.B 根据空格前提到的 rain 可知,只有 B 项与此有关。 Passage 3 (2014·北京西城一模) Where would you most like to go on vacation? Paris? London? The Amazon Rainforest? Each of these destinations is attractive. __1__ As a new word, staycation refers to people staying at home during their vacation time, and going sightseeing around their hometown. Staycations have become really popular recently, as a way of having an enjoyable vacation, without spending too much money. There are shortcomings to every positive thing, however. __2__ You also might prevent yourself from enjoying things to the fullest, as the atmosphere might be the same as any other time. __3__ It means you won't be available for work or other activities. What can you do to make your staycation fun? 1. Go to a nearby town, or to a fancy hotel in your hometown and stay overnight. Treat yourself to room service and any other fun things the hotel has to offer. 2. __4__ You would have done it on a vacation, right? Treat yourself to this, at least for one day! 3. Throw a small party. Think about the money you are saving by not going away. You will still save money, but have more fun, and you will help other people to have fun too! 4. Go shopping! Window shopping, or the super fun type, where you buy things! You would have bought souvenirs (纪念品) if you had gone on a vacation, so treat yourself during your staycation! The most important thing to remember is to do things that make you and your family excited! __5__ A.Eat out for every meal! B.Go on a day trip to a nearby town, or to a beach. C.But why not remain at home and enjoy a staycation? D.If you are on a staycation, you might get calls from work. E.Most of the time it involves dining out more frequently than usual. F.Make sure you all have fun, and when it is over, you feel refreshed.

G.The trick is to make sure your friends and coworkers know you are on a staycation. 答案与解析 本文介绍了一种新的度假方式——呆在家里度假(staycation)。 1.C 空格处的句子用以引出话题 staycation,而下文 As a new word, staycation... 用以解释 staycation 的含义。 2.D 该句及下文都是在解释 There are shortcomings to every positive thing... 的内容。故应 选择讲在家度假缺点的选项。 3.G 让朋友和同事知道你在以 staycation 方式休假的目的是:让他们知道你不能工作或进 行其他活动。 4.A 该句与下文 Treat yourself to this, at least for one day!相符。 5.F 上文的 excited 与该句的 have fun, feel refreshed 相符,介绍在家度假的作用。 Passage 4 (2014·吉林长春一模) Kids with special needs refer to any kid who might need extra help because of a medical, emotional, or learning problem. For example, kids who cannot walk need wheelchairs. They not only need equipment that helps them get around, but they might need to have ramps (坡道) or elevators' available.__1__ Kids with an illness would have special needs, too. __2__Kids with sight problems might need Braille books to read. Kids with hearing problems might need hearing aids. __3__ It might be harder to do normal things, like learning to read or just getting around the school. The good news is that parents, doctors, nurses, teachers, and others can help. The goal is to help kids be as independent as possible. Other kids can also be a big help. How? By being a friend. Kids who use a wheelchair or have lots of health problems want friends just as you do. But meeting people and making friends can be difficult. __4__ Be sure to tell a teacher if you see someone being bullied (欺辱) or teased. __5__ Being friendly to kids with special needs is one of the best ways to be helpful. As you get to know them, they may help you understand what it's like to be in their shoes. And you'll be helping fill a very special need, one that everybody has—the need for good ends. A.Some kids might laugh at or make fun of them. B.It is good manners to offer help to kids with special needs. C.Life can be challenging for a kid with special needs. D.They also might need to get a special bus to school. E.They might need medicine or other help as they go about their daily activities. F.Also, try to be helpful if you know someone with special needs. G.Someone could have trouble with anxiety, but you wouldn't know it unless told about it. 答案与解析 本文是一篇说明文。文章讲述了如何对待有特殊需要的孩子。 1.D 根据前面的句式 they might need... 可判断 D 项的句型 They also might need... 最恰当。 2.E 从前面的 illness 提示以及下文的例子可知,他们从事日常活动时需要医疗或者其他 方面的帮助。故选 E 项。 3.C 该空后面提到了...harder to do normal things...,所以前面的空填 C 项,对残疾孩子 来说,生活是充满挑战的,即艰难的。 4.A 该空前面说到“残疾孩子交朋友困难”。后面说的是“要是发现有人被欺侮,要告 诉老师”,所以空格内容为“有的小孩儿可能会取笑他们”比较合适。故选 A 项。

5.F 本段论述的是如何与残障孩子交朋友,帮助他们。空后面说...one of the best ways to be helpful...,所以前面空格处的内容应该已经提到要 be helpful,故选 F 项。 Passage 5 (2014·北京海淀一模) There is distinction between reading for information and reading for understanding. __1__ The first sense is the one in which we read newspapers, magazines, or anything else. __2__ Such materials may increase our store of information, but they cannot improve our understanding. And clearly we don't have any difficulty in gaining the new information, for our understanding was equal to them before we started. Otherwise, we would have felt the shock of puzzlement. The second sense is the one in which we read something that at first we do not completely understand. Here the thing to be read is at the first sight better or higher than the reader. The writer is communicating something that can increase the reader's understanding.__3__ Otherwise one person could never learn from another. Here “learning” means understanding more, not remembering more information. What are the conditions in this kind of reading? First, there is inequality in understanding. __4__ Besides, his book must convey something he possesses and his potential readers lack. Second, the reader must be able to overcome this inequality in some degree. And he should always try to reach the same level of understanding with the writer. If the equality is approached, success of communication is achieved. __5__ It is the least demanding and requires the least amount of effort. Everyone who knows how to read can read for entertainment if he wants to. In fact, any book that can be read for understanding or information can probably be read for entertainment as well. A.The writer should have a better communicating skill. B.Such communication between unequals must be possible. C.We can get access to the content of those materials easily. D.The writer must be “superior” to the reader in understanding. E.Thus, we can employ the word “reading” in two distinct senses. F.Reading for entertainment is capable of increasing our understanding for information. G . Besides gaining information and understanding, there's another goal of reading — entertainment. 答案与解析 阅读的目的分为获取信息的阅读以及理解性阅读,前者相对容易,而后者的难度相对大一些。 1.E 根据下文的 The first sense. The second sense. 可知答案为 E 项。 2.C 由下文中的 such materials 可知,空格处已提到了 materials 一词,故选 C 项。 3.B 前面两句中说作家的作品中有些读者不知道的内容,是需要读者认真领会的,因而作 家与读者在知识上是不对等的(unequals)。空格后的句子 Otherwise one person could never learn from another. 表示“否则一个人不可能从另一个人那里学到东西”,该句也解释了 unequals(两个水平不同的人)的含义。同时,从行文上看,空前一句提到了 communicating, 而 只有 B 项中的 such communication 与之衔接紧密。 4.D The writer must be “superior”to the reader in understanding(作者必须比读者的理解 力强)与 inequality in understanding 相符。 5.G 下文内容是上文内容的一个延续,与上文为递进关系,所以用 besides 开头。本段后 面出现了两次 entertainment 也提示答案为 G 项。 Passage 6

(2014·辽宁抚顺六校联合体联考) We all wish we had just a bit more time. Just think what you could do with an extra hour or two each day: you could finally stick to an exercise routine, or springclean the house, or write your novel, or learn the guitar and so on. __1__ But I can help you find more hours in your day for the things that really matter. 1. Get Out of Bed Earlier If you normally get up at 7:30 a.m., try getting up at 7:00 a.m. That halfhour might not sound like much, but it could be time that you use to exercise, to read that book you've been meaning to finish. __2__ 2. Do the Important Tasks First Once you get to work, get the important ones done first (not the easy ones, or even the urgent ones). You can afford to spend at least an hour working on big, important tasks rather than on all those little urgent ones. __3__ The urgent tasks will still get done, and you won't miss the important ones. 3. Reduce Interruptions If colleagues have a habit of hanging around your desk to chat, or if the phone is constantly ringing, you might find that it takes you half the day to finish a simple task like writing a letter. Constant interruptions don't just eat up time, they also break your concentration. When you've got a big task to focus on, let your calls go to voicemail. __4__ Wearing headphones makes it less likely that people will try to strike up a conversation. 4. __5__ A few minutes' chatting, browsing the web, and so on, can easily turn into hours of wasted time over the course of a day. When you're working, work. If your concentration is slipping, take a proper break: go and get a glass of water, or stretch your legs a bit. And if you're facing a difficult task, try breaking it into small steps or stages so that it's easier to deal with. A.Stay Focused on Your Work B.Take Breaks When Necessary C.If you have an office door, close it. D.If you work like this, you'll usually save time. E.Would you want me to make your day longer? F.I can't magically make all your days 25 hours long. G.Or simply to get your day off to a calm and organized start. 答案与解析 本文介绍了节省时间的方法。要从早起、先完成最重要的任务、减少中断以及集中注意力方 面做起,这样可帮你日常生活中节省出更多的时间。 1.F 从空格后的 But I can help you find more hours in your day for the things that really matter. 可知,本句与前一句为转折关系,空格处应表示不可能使实际时间变长的句子,故选 F 项。 2.G 空前的 to exercise, to read that book you've been meaning to finish 与 G 项并列,都是 讲利用多出的半小时可以做的事情。 3.D 此空处刚好需要一个对前面段意的小结。D 项表示“如果这样做下去的话,会达到节 省时间的效果”,与前文衔接。后面说紧急的事情和重要的事情也都可以做完,也是节省时 间的结果。 4.C 从空前后看是进行事例的说明,都是讲如何不被打扰,选项中只有 C 项符合。

5.A A 项中的 focus on 与 concentration 相符合。 Passage 7 (2014·山西四校联考) Raising Confident Kids Selfesteem (自尊) is a collection of beliefs or feelings we have about ourselves. Having a healthy selfesteem can protect us through difficult times and help us remain focused on what is important to us. Research shows that children with high selfesteem grow up to be more confident adults. Selfesteem building should start from young. __1__ Praise Actions Young children need feedback. It's how they measure their actions and it plays a role in learning from experience. Provide specific praise about actual actions performed and efforts made in the process. __2__ Identify Strengths Preschoolers are always watching each other. On the bright side, they learn new things from each other. On the other side, they can become selfcritical when they see a peer accomplishing something they still struggle to do. __3__ Tell your children to focus on their strengths when they start to draw comparisons. Foster (培养) a Sense of Belonging Young children may not understand how peer pressure (同龄人的压力) works, but they feel it when they're being excluded (排除). Show your children that they are important by listening to and responding to their needs and ideas as much as possible. Save grownup conversations for later so that you can have family conversations. __4__ __5__ As much as they need us, they also need to work on taking small steps toward independence. When they know they can do things, they feel more confident. Teach problemsolving skills. Step aside and let them work on challenges before jumping in to help.Help by asking “How can we do this in a different way? Let's come up with some ideas together.” Getting kids involved in problemsolving teaches them how to deal with challenges in the future. Building and maintaining healthy selfesteem can be a lifelong process, but the sooner you start, the more confident your children will become. A.Encourage Independence B.Spend quality time with children C.Try to address their concerns as they arise, no matter how minor. D.If praise is only attached to success, kids will focus on “winning”. E.Be sure to point out your children's strengths regularly and be specific. F.Below are some tips to help you promote your children's selfesteem. G.Each parent has the responsibility to help children to become confident. 答案与解析 研究表明自尊的孩子长大后更有可能成为有自信的成年人,文章给出了一些培养孩子自信心 的建议。 1.F 上文引出 Selfesteem building should start from young. 下文开始讲建议,可知此处应填 承上启下的句子:下面是可以提升孩子自信心的建议。F 项符合要求。 2.D 根据上文 Provide specific praise about actual actions performed and efforts made in the process. 可知需选与“表扬”有关的选项;而且这句话强调的是过程中的行动和努力,不应

只关注结果。其后的句子应解释为什么应关注过程。故选 D 项。句意为:如果表扬只是因 为最后成功这一结果,孩子们会专注于“成功”(这一结果)。 3.E 根据下文 Tell your children to focus on their strengths when they start to draw comparisons. 可知选 E 项。句意为:要确保经常指出孩子的优点,而且要明确。 4.C 根据上文 Young children may not understand how peer pressure works, but they feel it when they're being excluded. 表示孩子开始遇到问题。下文应介绍应对方式,可知应选 C 项, 句意为:一旦发现他们有担心的事情,不管有多渺小都要尽力去解决。 5.A 所填内容为段落主旨句。根据下文 As much as they need us, they also need to work on taking small steps toward independence. 及全段内容可知选 A 项。句意为:要鼓励孩子学会 独立。
Passage 8 (2014·北京第四十四中学期中) How to Prepare a Lecture Being invited to give a lecture is an honor. It means that people regard you as an authority on a given field, subject, or issue. It means you are worth listening to. __1__ You have to make sure your lecture is interesting, and full of wisdom, from which the audience can take valuable insights. This is why it is important for you to prepare your lecture well. 1. Think of a good topic. You most likely will be assigned to talk about a certain topic. If that's the case, you only need to make an outline and do some research. But in some cases, you will have to think of your own topic. Although it gives you more freedom to do it, thinking of a topic can be tricky. __2__ Or pick a topic that is timely and socially relevant. 2. Make an outline for the lecture. Start by listing down the points that you will discuss, and then fill in each point with subpoints. If necessary, make a research about your topic. __3__ But if in so doing you end up with a very long outline, figure how you can shorten the topic or cut where cutting is needed. 3.__4__ Statistics, figures, medical information, historical accounts, and similar information should all be checked and it will save your credibility as an authority on the subject you are talking about. 4. Add humor. Don't engage your audience in a dragging soliloquy (独白). __5__ Humor will interest your audience. Of course, make sure the elements in your lecture are in line with your main topic and are not nonsense, racial, and offensive jokes. A.Check your lecture for accuracy. B.Giving a lecture is challenging, though. C.If necessary, provide your contact information, such as an email address or blog site. D.Instead, make your audience smile, or burst into laughter at certain points in your discussion. E.To make it easier, consider what will interest your audience. F.It should summarize your whole talk in one sentence. G.Don't be afraid of exploring the topic, as this will allow you to discover other points that need discussion. 答案与解析 如何准备一个演讲?被邀请来演讲是一种荣誉。你必须确保你的演讲很有趣,充满智慧,听 众从中可以获取有价值的见解。因此,准备好你的演讲很重要。

1.B 根据后面提到的你必须确保你的演讲很有趣,充满智慧,观众从中可以获取有价值的 见解可知,选 B 项(但是,演讲是具有挑战性的)。 2.E 根据本段的中心思想——选择一个好的话题和设空处后的选择一个适时的和社会有关 的话题可知,选 E 项(说得再简单些,就是考虑什么会吸引你的观众)。 3.G 设空处前面提到:如果有必要,可以做一些有关你的主题的研究,与 G 项(不害怕探 索主题,因为这会让你发现其他需要讨论的要点)意思相近。 4.A 设空处后面的内容讲到:统计、数据、医疗信息、历史记载以及类似的信息,都应 该被检查……所以本段的中心是检查你的演讲的准确性,与 A 项相符。 5.D 根据本段的中心内容是增加幽默的成分可知选 D 项(相反,让你的讨论中的某一点使 你的观众发笑或大笑)。
创新预测
Passage 1 Any car accident is frightening, but an accident in which your vehicle is thrown into the water, with you trapped inside, is absolutely terrifying.__1__However, most deaths result from panic, without a plan or understanding what is happening to the car in the water. By adopting a brace(支撑) position (防冲击姿势), acting decisively and getting out fast, you can save yourself from a sinking vehicle. Brace yourself for impact (撞击力). As soon as you're aware that you're going off the road and into a body of water, adopt a brace position. The impact could set off the airbag system in your vehicle,so you should place both hands on the steering wheel in the “ten and two” position. Undo your seatbelt.__2__Unbuckle the children, starting with the oldest first. Forget the cell phone call. Your car isn't going to wait for you to make the call. __3__Leave the door alone at this stage and concentrate on the window. A car's electrical system should work for up to three minutes in water, so try the method of opening it electronically first.Many people don't think about the window as an escape option either because of panic or misinformation about doors and sinking. Break the window. If you aren't able to open the window, or it only opens halfway, you'll need to break it with an object or your foot. It may feel counterintuitive (有悖常理的) to let water into the car.__4__ Escape when the car has equalized. If it has reached the dramatic stage where the car cabin has been filled with water and it has become balanced, you must move quickly and effectively to ensure your survival.__5__While there is still air in the car, take slow,deep breaths and focus on what you're doing. A. Open the window as soon as you hit the water. B. Surviving a sinking car is not as difficult as you think. C. It takes 60 to 120 seconds for a car to fill up with water usually. D. Such accidents are particularly dangerous due to the risk of drowning. E. In conclusion, if you know what to do in the water, you will be safe. F. This is the first thing to attend to, yet it often gets forgotten in the panic. G. But the sooner the window is open, the sooner you can escape directly through it. 答案与解析 本文为说明文,主要介绍了当汽车掉入水中时,人们应该如何自救。 1.D 根据下文的...the car in the water. 以及...save yourself from a sinking vehicle. 可知答 案。

2.F 根据上文的 Undo your seatbelt. 及全文可知,要想尽快逃生必须首先解开安全带。 3.A 根据下文的...concentrate on the window. 和 Many people don't think about the window as an escape option either because of panic...可知答案。 4.G 根据本段开头的 Break the window. 可知此处要讲破窗逃生的必要性和重要性。 5.C 上文讲述车内外的水达到平衡时,立刻逃出去;而下文说当车里还有空气时,要缓慢 地深呼吸,所以此处讲述“车灌满水需要的时间”是符合语境的。
Passage 2 Your Teen Is Falling Asleep in Class Teens have a busy morning schedule as they need to wake up and get moving very early in order to catch a bus and get to school by the required time. This means teens need to get their rest the night before or they will be too tired to learn anything at school. __1__ When a teen falls asleep in class, two things happen: he/she misses what is being taught and he/she loses the respect of the teacher. He/She may also receive a consequence from the school, depending on the classroom discipline policy. __2__ To prevent your teen from being sleepy in class, try these three tips: *Set a time for “lights out” on school nights. This is never be any later than 10 p.m. and preferably 9 p.m. __3__ Soft music can be on and used to help calm your teen. *Help your teen develop a nighttime routine that involves activities that slow them down for the end of the day. __4__ Turning off the computer and disconnecting from friends and the excitement of the day an hour before bedtime will also help your teen relax. *__5__ This will reinforce (增强) what it feels like to be rested and capable of accomplishing what he/she wants. A.What's worse, they may even fall asleep in class. B.Taking a bath and reading are two activities that work well. C.Set a good example and show him/her your love for learning. D.Point out the positives after your teen has had a good night's rest. E.“Lights out” means the computer, television, lights and cell phone should be off. F.All of these things affect your teen's academic success and can be avoided. G.While your teen keeps his/her goals in line with your expectations, he/she may have his/her own goals. 答案与解析 本文为说明文,主要提出了让孩子们上课不瞌睡的几点建议。 1.A 根据第一段的内容以及第二段的第一句 When a teen falls asleep in class... 可知答案为 A 项。 2.F 根据上文内容及下文的 To prevent your teen from being sleepy in class... 可知,该句的 作用是承上启下。 3.E 根据上文的 Set a time for “light out”...可知,该句进一步解释 lights out 的含义。 4.B 根据上文的...a nighttime routine that involves activities that slow them down... 可知后 文应开始举例说明哪些活动有益。故 B 项正确。 5.D 根据下文可知此句是建议家长要给孩子指出睡个好觉的益处。 Passage 3 If you think you've gained too much weight or are too skinny, you can talk to a doctor. Your doctor will tell you __1__ If it is concerned about your height, weight, or BMI (体重指数), your doctor may ask questions

__2__. Your doctor may also ask about your family background to find out if you've received something from your parents that might make you taller, shorter, or a late bloomer (someone who develops later than other people of the same age). The doctor can then put all the information together to decide __3__. If your weight isn't in a healthy range, you will probably get specific diet and exercise recommendations based on your individual needs. Following a doctor's or dietitian's plan designed especially for you will work much better than following fad (时尚) diets. For teens, fad diets or starvation plans can actually slow down growth, and the weight loss usually doesn't last. What __4__? Most teens who weigh less than other teens of their age are just fine. They may be going through puberty on a different schedule than kids of the same age, and their bodies may be growing and changing at a different rate. Most underweight teens catch up in weight as they finish puberty during their later teen years so there's rarely a need to try to gain weight.
In a few cases, teenagers can be underweight because of a health problem that needs treatment. If you feel tired or ill a lot, or __5__, or other problems that have lasted for more than a week or two, be sure to let your parents or your doctor know. A. whether you might have a weight or growth problem B. if you have symptoms like a cough, stomachache C. about your health, physical activity, and eating habits D. if you're worried about being too skinny E. if you take care of it F. whether you're growing normally G. about your dieting 答案与解析 本文主要介绍了应该让医生判定你是否有体重或发育问题。 1.F 根据上文的...you've gained too much weight or are too skinny 以及...talk to a doctor. 可 知此处意为:让医生评判你是否发育正常。 2.C 根据 height, weight, or BMI 以及...ask questions... 可知答案。 3.A 根据上文可知此处意为:医生判定你是否有体重或发育问题。 4.D 根据下文的...who weigh less than other teens of their age... 可知答案。 5.B 根据上文的...feel tired or ill a lot... 以及 or 可知此处要填疾病或症状。 Passage 4 Traditional teen bullying tends to decline with age, peaking during middle school and decreasing during high school. Cyber (网络) bullying might be an exception, however. More research is needed to determine whether this form of teen bullying becomes less common as children grow up. ?Respond to teen bullying. If your child admits being bullied, take action. Start by reassuring (安抚) your child. __1__ Don't take cell phones away or cut Internet connections as a consequence of being bullied. Never imply (暗示) that getting bullied is your child's fault. ?Record the details. Write down the details—the date, who was involved and what specifically happened. Record the facts as objectively as possible. ?__2__ Start with a teacher who knows your child well. Ask whether your child's classroom behavior has

changed or if there are any other warning signs. You might also consult a school dean, counselor or other school contact. __3__ Ask for help to solve the bullying problem. Keep notes on these meetings. Remember that it can take time for teachers and administrators to look into bullying in a fair and factual way. ?Ask for a copy of the school's policy on bullying. Find out how bullying is addressed in the school's curriculum, as well as how staff members are supposed to respond to known or suspected bullying. If these steps don't seem to help or your child has been hurt by continued bullying, consult a mental health provider. __4__ Taking legal action to break bullying can make your community safer for all teens. __5__ Even if your child doesn't confess (承认) to being bullied, offer specific suggestions to stop bullying. A.Explain your concerns in a matteroffact way. B.Talk to your child about teen bullying. C.Report dangerous situations. D.Tell your child that you'll do everything in your power to help. E.You might also consider talking to a lawyer. F.Just say “stop” or walk away from the bully. G.Meet with school authorities. 答案与解析 孩子在学校受欺凌怎么办?本文作者提出了几条应对措施。 1.D 由上句内容(先安抚孩子),可知选 D 项。 2.G 由下文作者建议家长去见学校老师或校领导等可知答案。 3.A 由上文内容可知,见到学校的管理者后,要切合实际地谈谈你的担心,并向他们寻 求帮助。 4.E 由下文内容(采取法律手段)可知答案为 E 项。 5.B 由本段内容可知,作者建议家长与孩子谈谈青少年欺凌这方面的事,即使孩子不承认 自己受到欺凌。


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