人教版必修二unit2《the olympic games》word教案3[www.edudown.net]

英语:Unit2《The Olympic Games》教案(3) (新人教版必 修 2)
课文重难点分析 1 what 引导名词性从句 (主语从句 宾语从句 表语从句 同位语从句) 1.1. 引导主语从句 What we need is more time. 我们所需要的是更多的时间.

What really matters is the way of solving the problem rather than the answer. 真正重要的是解决问题的方法,而不是问题的答案。 1.2. 引导宾语从句 They have done what they can to help me. 为了帮助我,他们做了他们能做的事。 I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it. ( Voltaire ) 我不同意你说的话,但我愿意誓死捍卫你说话的权利。(伏尔泰) 1.3. 引导表语从句 That is what I want to tell you. 那就是我想告诉你的事儿. Knowledge and wisdom are what I have lived for. 知识与智慧是我平生所追求的。 1.4. 引导同位语从句 They have no idea at all what he is working on. 他们一点儿都不知道他正在做什么. You have no idea what I suffered. 你不知道我所遭受的痛苦.

通过以上例句及解释我们可以得出:what 常用来引导名词性从句,即主语从句,宾语从 句,表语从句和同位语从句.what 在引导名词性从句时有两个重要的特点:一是它在相应 的名词性从句中一定有含义,常表示“什么”,“所…的”,“…的样子”等.二是它在相应的 名词性从句中一定做成分,而且常做主语,宾语或表语. 练习:1) 你的所作所为深深伤了你父母的心。 2) 我根本不知道老师在讲些什么。 3) 这个小女孩不再是过去的样子了。

2. how often

how long

how soon

how far

how many how much 用法比较

How often 有“多久一次”的意思。是就做某事的频率提问。对其回答一般是:Twice a year/

Three times a week 等 How long 表示“时间多久或物体多长”。表示时间侧重指“一段时间”。回答一般是时间段, 如 “for three days”, “three years” How far 是提问“路程有多远”,询问距离的。 How soon 表示 “多久之后”,侧重某人某事能多快时间完成。回答一般: “ in + 时间段”,如 “ in two days” How much/ many 分别针对不可数名词和可数名词数量进行提问 练习:1) A: month. 2) A: have you studied English? is it. B: For 10 years. B: Only 998 yuan. B: It is 5 kilometers. do you go home? B: Usually, once a

3) A: Lucy, your cell phone looks very nice, 4) A: 5) A: is it from your house?

workers took part in the strike yesterday, do you know?

B: It is reported that 12,000 .

3. 每隔……的一些表达 3.1. “every+基数词(大于或等于 2)+复数名词” 意思是“每……”。 The old man went to hospital every 次病. There are buses to the station every ten minutes.每十分钟/每隔九分钟就有公共汽车去火 车站. 3.2. “every+序数词(大于或等于 2)+单数名词”意思是“每第……” The Olympic Games are held every fourth year. 奥林匹克运动会每四年/每隔三年举办 一次。 He comes to see his uncle every 叔。 3.3. “every other +基数词(大于或等于 2) +复数名词” 意思是“每隔……” I had to sit down and take a rest every other four minutes. 我每隔 4 分钟就得坐下休息。 3.4. “every other +零基数词(等于 1)+单数名词” 意思是“每隔一……”。 Take this medicine every other day. 这药每两天/每隔一天服一次。 .他每三周/每隔两周来看望他的叔 . 那老汉每五天/每隔四天就去看一

Please write down these new words on every other line. 请把这些生词隔行写下来。 3.5. “every few +复数名词” 意思是“每隔几……” He came to see me every few days. 他每隔几天来看我一次。 He stopped and turned around every few meters. 他每走几步就停下来向四周看一看。 注意: 在表达“每隔……”时 every 不与 a few , some , many ,several 也不能用 each 来替代 every。

4. 表语从句中 why because that 选用 Why 为疑问副词,其所问的是某事之所以发生的原因. Because 为表示原因的连词,其引导的从句表示原因。 主语是 reason 时,表语从句只能用 that 引导 练习: 1) It rained heavily yesterday. That’s 2)We didn’t have the football match. That’s yesterday. 3) Believe it or not, the reason for my coming late was a UFO. 4)This is the reason 5)This is the reason she told me she feels so happy. I was caught by we didn’t have the football match it rained heavily

5. 强调句归纳 例如:Jack, together with Anny went to the zoo by bus on May 1st. 1.陈述句的强调句型:It is/ was + 被强调部分(通常是主语、宾语或状语)+ that/ who+ 其 它部分。 It was 式) 2、一般疑问句的强调句型:先变陈述句,再把 is/ was 提到 it 前面。 , together with Anny went to the zoo by bus on May 1st. (对主语 疑问强调) that Jack, together with Anny went to the zoo on May 1st . (强调方

3、 特殊疑问句的强调句型: 被强调部分 (通常是疑问代词或疑问副词) + is/ was + it + that/ who + 其它部分? was it that you came to Zhangjiang. 你是什么时候来湛江的。 ▲not … until … 句型的强调句为 It is/ was not until + 被强调部分 + that + 其它部分 It was not until his wife came back Not until his wife came back he went to bed. he go to bed.

▲ 强调谓语要用助动词 do/ does/ did 来完成. Look, so many spelling mistakes in your writing. be careful next time.

finish your papers today. We will check them tomorrow.

6. 表示某人也是/不是如此小结. 6.1 So+be/助动词/情态动词+主语 表“……也如此” My sister has gotten a new MP5, so I.

6.2 Nor/neither+be/助动词/情态动词+主语 表“……也不” Lina can’t sovle this problem in 3 minutes, her deskmate.

6.3 当陈述内容不是一种行为,为至少两个句子。通常谓语动词类型不同或者肯否定不同 时。 用 it is/was the same with sb 或者是 so it is/was with sb.句型。 Li Lei is 15 years old and he doesn’t like talking too much. It is the same with Xiaohua. ▲ 但如果 so 强调前面所说的情况的真实性时,其结构是“so+主语+助动词/系动词/情 态动词”,这里的主语同前一个句子的主语指的是同一人或物。 练习:1)She knows little Chinese,so she does. 她汉语懂得不多。她的确如此。 2) Wang Xiaoming’s father and mother are both doctors, 一样) 3)A: Li Hua is poor at English. B: So there are in English. 4)They will not go to school on Sunday, 一样) (我们也 . He doesn’t know how many letters (李明也

5)Rose got married to a foreigner and had a son,. 胎姐姐也一样)

(她的双胞

7. not only … but also …”是一个并列连词词组,其意思基本等于“both … and …”,但侧重 点放在“but also”上,另外该词组使用时须遵守一定的规则,如要求对称,倒装及主谓一致 等。 The place was not only cold, but also damp. 连接表语 She likes not only music but also sport. 连接宾语 We have to study not only on weekdays but also on Saturday. 连接状语 He not only read the book, but also remembered Not only you but also I am hungry. 语 与此相似就近一致的还有 either…or.. Either you or Tom neither…nor… whether…or… 和 there be 句型 he read. 连接谓语 wrong. 连接主

Not only I but also you

going to send this letter to the post office.

▲ not only 放在句首,后接句子时要用倒装结构 练习: 1)Not only rich, but she is also pretty and wise.

2)Not only has our society changed, but the people in it have changed.

8. As well as 连接主语时, 谓语根据前一个主语确定。 类似还有 with, along with, together with, as well as, besides, like, without, except (but), including 等 练习:1)Tracy, like many girls, 2)No one except (but) me 3) All the students, including Tom, by now (love) singing and dancing. (know) about this news. (buy) a personal computer

9. 倒装句子总结 9.1. Here, there, now, then, thus, out, in ,up, down, away, 等副词置于句首 , 谓语动词 ( 谓语动词通常不带助动词或情态动词 ), 常用 be, come, go, lie, run 。 Here comes the bus. Away went the boy. Here it comes. Away he went.

9.2. 地点状语置于句首 On the hill stands a big tree. In the front of our class is a China map.

练习:Under a big tree ________, half asleep. A. did sat a fat man B. a fat man sat C. did a fat man sat D. sat a fat man

9.3. 句首为否定或半否定的词语,如 no, not, never, hardly, not until, at no time, by no time, few, little, scarcely, in no way, no longer, nowhere, not frequently, not often,

on no account( 决不 ), rarely, seldom, Not only…but also 等 . Never have I seen such a beautiful sunset. Nowhere can you buy such a cheap dictionary. Not until the child fell asleep 9.4. so, neither, nor 表 ….也一样 ---Do you know Jim quarreled with his brother? --- I don’t know, _____. A. nor don’t I care B. nor do I care C. I don’t care neither D. I don’t care also the mother leave the room.

9.5. only 加状语放在句首要倒装的情况 Only by reading more can we improve our English. 练习:1) 只有星期天她才有空。 2) Little ____ about him when I first met him in that company. A) have I known B) had I known C) do I know D) did I know

3) At no time, and under no circumstances ____ the first to use nuclear weapon. A) China will be be 4) Only when David did it a second time ____. A) he realized his mistake C) did he realize his mistake B) he was realizing his mistake D) he did realize his mistake B) will be China C) will China be D) shall China

5) Factory workers have to work very hard, ____. A) farmers do so B) farmers work so C) so hard farmers D) so do farmers

10. As….as 用法总结 表示 和......一样 10.1 as/so+形容词或副词原级+as… “…和…一样…”。

This book is as

as that one.

He runs as

as Liu Xiang.

10.2 As much +a/an +单数可数名词 或者 as much +不可数名词 Teaching is as much art as sculpture. 教学与雕刻一样,是一门艺术。

John takes as much responsibility as you do. 约翰和你承担一样多的责任 I haven’t got much money as I thought. 我没得到我所想象的那么多钱。 或者 As much +不可数名词+as I wish I can own as money as Bill

10.3 As many + 可数名词复数+as I have as Gates. 10.4 …times as +adj/adv +as

fiends as you.

表达……是……的几倍 (倍数必须放在计较结构之前)

The price of cooking oil is 5 times as expensive as it was 10 years ago. Your house is twice as big as mine. A car runs 12 times as fast as a man walks.

11. use… to do sth 用…..来做

used to do sth 过去常常做某事

be used to do sth 被用来做某事 be used to doing sth 习惯于做某事 练习:1) Tom, as well as other boys in his village river . 2) We 3) I am still not 4)Bricks are often used to (protect) ourselves sometimes. money (buy) whatever we need. (get) up at 6 o’clock in the morning. (build) house, but they can (go) swimming in the

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