北师大选修六 unit 16 lesson 3 Life Stories_图文
Learning Objectives ? In this period, you will be able to 1. Learn to use some useful reading strategies: ? to predict the general idea ? to guess unknown words from the context. 2. Find out detailed information in the text.
Before you start
What do you know about Helen Keller? Please Share with the class.
More Information about Helen Keller
Portrait of Helen Keller when she was 7.
Helen Keller & Anne Sullivan
It is a writing of Helen Keller when she was 7. There are cat, cold, catch, load, lord, coal, doll, hat, bad, good-by on the paper.
Helen and Sullivan are playing chess.
Helen is reading a book for the blind.
Works by Helen Keller
? ? ? ? The Miracle Worker Three Days to See The Story of My Life Courage in The Dark
Famous sayings by Helen Keller
The best and most beautiful things in the world cannot be seen or even touched. They must be felt within the heart. 这个世界上最好的和最美的事物我们无法用肉眼到或 用手触摸到，我们只能用心去感受。 Keep your face to the sunshine and you will not see the shadows. 直面阳光，你就看不到阴影。
One can never consent to creep when one feels an impulse to soar. 一个人内心有了飞翔的冲动，就不会满足于在地上爬 行。
Story by Anne Part1: About Helen and me
Helen was a _______ special child before I became her teacher. There were _______ severe restrictions on her communication. She was _________ stubborn and her behaviour was often ___________. unbearable Then I ____________ was brought in to help her. I was a _________ former student at a school for the blind and I could ________ relate to Helen’s difficulties.
Part2: Started to learn words
I used a ______________ straightforward technique to teach Helen. I started with putting an object in one of Helen’s and spelled the words into her other hand. At first, Helen thought this was a game and she was doing ___________________. monkey-like imitation When Helen had ______________________ a burst of understanding that the movement of the fingers meant the spelling of a word, the world of words was __________to opening up her.
Part3: Started to learn complex word
was eager to learn but Helen _____________ sometimes she was confused when the meaning was not _________. apparent It was a ________ gradual and _______ painful process but the results were __________. amazing The word “love” puzzled Helen very much because she didn’t understand anything unless she ________ touched it at that time.
Part4: The result
“Think” was the first _________ complex word Helen understood. This was a _____________ breakthrough in learning language. Finally in a _______ vivid moment, Helen finally understood the ________________ beautiful truth of “love”. These ________ precious knowledge helped Helen become a great writer in America.
What made Helen Keller a successful learner?
Anne Sullivan was brought in to help her. She was stubborn. She asked more questions as her knowledge expanded.
She kept on trying to understand. She was eager to learn.
What made Anne Sullivan a superb teacher?
She used a simple and straightforward method.
She would let Helen play with the doll and spell the word into her hand.
She had had eyesight problems so she could relate to Helen. She gave Helen a big hug.
This was because Helen couldn't speak, read or write. 句型This/That/It is because+从句，because引导表语从 句 辨析句型 Tom was absent from class. That was because he was ill. This is because... “这是因为......” because引导表语从句，从句表原因 Tom was ill. This was why he was absent from class. This is why... “这就是为什么......” why引导表语从句，从句表结果
The reason why Tom was absent from class was that he was ill. The reason why ... is that... “......的原因是......” why引导定语从句，that引导表语从句（切记此处不可 用because)表示原因 The reason that/which Tom make up for being absent from class was that he was ill. The reason that/which...is that... “......的原因是......” that/which引导定语从句并在从句中做主语或宾语，第 二个that引导表语从句，表示原因
[教材原句]With these severe restrictions on her communication, Helen's behaviour was often unbearable. 由于交流上的这些严重障碍，海伦的行为经常令人难 以忍受。 severe adj.严重的，严厉的；剧烈的 ? be severe with ...(＝ be strict with ...) 对……要求严格 My mother was very severe with me. severely adv. 严重地，严厉地
restriction n. 限制，约束 restrict v. 限制，束缚 put/place a restriction on sth. put/place restrictions on sth. 对...限制 restrict oneself to (doing) sth. 限制某人做某事 restricted adj. 受限制的、受约束的 be restricted to 受限于 His parents put severe restrictions on his surfing the Internet. I must restrict myself to surfing the Internet everyday.
bear vt. 忍受、承受；出生，生（孩子） bear doing/to do sth. 忍受做某事（常用于否定和疑问 句） I can't bear repeating/to repeat one thing. I can't bear his smoking. bear sb's doing 忍受某人做某事 bear/keep sth. in mind 牢记 We must bear in mind that learning is the most important thing.
bring in 请...做，让...参与；引进；提出(法案） We need to bring in an expert to deal with this problem. They have brought in some advanced equipment from abroad. A new bill has been brought in to control the price of goods. Review: bring back归还，带回；使回想起 bring down使降低，使减少 bring forward提出 bring about 引起、导致 bring up 抚养；教育
用bring back，bring down，bring forward，bring about，bring up，bring in填空 brought forward (1)Finally Mr.Hunt____________________his plan for the new building. bring down (2)The shopkeeper didn't agree to______________the price. (3)Why________Jones________ brings in ？He'll do nothing to help. brought back (4)His story______________our happy childhood together. (5)He was born in Texas but______________in New brought up York. brought about by new technology are (6)Social changes _____________ often mistaken.
former adj. 以前的、前者的 the former ... the latter ... “前者......后者......” Jane and Mary are both good students, but when facing difficulties, the former keeps a good state of mind while the latter is always discouraged.
relate v. 联系 relate A to B 把A与B联系起来 related adj. 有联系的、相关的 be related to 与...相关 relation n. 联系、关系 in relation to 关于... relationship n. 关系、联系 build a relationship between ... and ... 建立...与...的关系 We are trying to build a good relationship between China and the USA.
now that conj. “既然、由于” 引导原因状语从句 now that=because now that和so不能同时连用 because和so不能同时连用 although/though和but不能同时连用
[教材原句] ...she was very eager to learn more and use it as much as she could. ……她非常渴望学习更多的知识并且尽可能多地使用它 们。
?be eager for sth. 渴望某物 ?be eager to do sth. 渴望做某事 eagerly adv. eagerness n. 渴望、热切
Rural towns are eager for any business they can attract. 乡镇急于招揽任何能吸引来的企业。 ③ I was eager to get back to work as soon as possible. 当时我渴望尽早回来工作。 gradual adj. 逐渐的、逐步的 a gradual increase gradually adv. The weather gradually improved.
[教材原句] As Helen's knowledge and vocabulary expanded, she asked more and more questions. 随着海伦的知识和词汇量的扩大，她问的问题越来越多 了。 expand v．扩大，扩充；使膨胀；详述 expand ... into... 把......扩展成...... expand into... 扩大成为...... The teacher asked students to expand a sentence into a story. Our company has expanded into a worldwide company. expansion n．扩张，扩大；膨胀
lead sb. to do sth. 使得/引导某人做某事 I lead her to learn English. lead to 导致，造成；通向 （to为介词，后跟名词、代 词、动名词）= cause/bring about/result in Heart failure led to her father's death. The street leads to the supermarket.
[教材原句] The meaning of love was still not apparent to Helen but she kept on trying to understand. 海伦对爱的意思还是不明白，但是她继续努力去理解。 apparent adj.明显，显而易见的 be apparent to sb. 对某人来说是显而易见 it be/become apparent (to sb.) that... ......（对某人来说）是清楚明白的 It is apparent/obvious/clear that ... 显而易见…… 【拓展】 apparently adv.看起来，显然
①The solution to the problem was apparent to all. 问题的解决方法是显而易见的。 ②It soon became apparent to everyone that he couldn't sing. 很快大家都明白他不会唱歌。 ③Apparently，they’ve run out of tickets for the concert. 看来，他们卖光了音乐会的票。 ④ It was apparent/obvious that the dog was going to die. 很明显这条狗快要死了。
With these severe restrictions on her communication, Helen's behaviour was often unbearable. “with these severe restrictions on her communication”在 句中状语，属于“with+宾语+宾补”结构，即with复合结 构。 with复合结构在句中常做状语，表伴随、方式、原因或 doing表主动或动作正在进行 条件等。 分词 with + 宾语 + done表被动或动作已完成
adj./adv./n. 动词不定式（通常用to do, 表示 动作尚未进行
He often sleeps with the windows open. The boy stood there with his head down. The teacher came in with a book in his hand. The English class ended with all singing an English song. With all the things she needed bought, she went home. He died with his daughter an orphan.
短语天地 1．____________ 请来；引进；扯进来；赢利 bring in 2．____________ 有关联，与……有关；认同；理解 relate to
3．_______________ give sb a big hug 紧紧拥抱某人
4．____________ 以……开始 start with 打开；开发；开放 5．open up_________________ 6．now that____________ 既然
7．lead sb to do sth ____________ 使某人做某事 即刻，一瞬间 8．in a flash____________
发生；进行；继续 9．go on_________________
Ex. 3 : Synonyms
1 She’s been in the hospital for a week severe (serious) case of because she has a ______ the flu. (para.1) precious(valuable) to 2 Nothing is more _______ me than my good health. (para.4) 3 We’re very _______ eager (keen) to learn all we can about our new computer. (para.5) 4 I like to be very ________________ straightforward (direct) when I talk about problems but my mother doesn’t like that. (para.3)
Ex. 3 : Synonyms
5 We wanted to enter the contest but we couldn’t because there were lots of restrictions (limits). (para.1) __________ 6 Our _______ former (previous) secretary was friendlier than our new one. (para.2) 7 Lots of people thought the answer to the apparent (obvious), but I question was _________ didn’t think so. (para.8)
Ex. 4: Opposites
1 If you want to be a scientist, you must precise (vague) learn to make very _______ measurements. (para.3) complex (simple) 2 The puzzle was very ________ and it took us a long time to solve it. (para.6) warmth (cold) of the 3 My cat loves the ________ heater. (para.9) uncertain (certain) of the correct 4 He was _________ date so he said he’d find out. (para.10)
Ex. 4: Opposites
5 Some people think small children are ___________ troublesome (enjoyable) but I just love them! (para.2) 6 The doctor said her weight loss should be _________ gradual (quick). (para.5) 7 Once she has an idea, she’s very _________ stubborn (flexible) and won’t give it up. (para.1)