一、单项选择 1. Technology has quickened the rate ________ we communicate with the world around us. A. for which B. with which C. to which D. at which 2. We have made good preparations for Sarah’s birthday, but if she ________ late to the party, it would ruin the surprise for her. A. comes B. were to come C. had come D. would come 3. It was a real race _______ time to get the project completed on schedule. Luckily, we made it. A. over B. by C. for D. against 4. Globe International is an organization _______ to finding effective solutions to the problems with sustainable development. A. committing B. having committed C. committed D. commits 5. When asked how he came up with the excellent idea, he said one of his childhood experiences was the original _______ to begin his story. A. application B. inspiration C. creation D. evaluation 6. As the clock _______ midnight, cinemas across the country screened the film, _______ China one of the first countries in the world to show it. A. beat; making B. struck; making C. knocked; which made D. hit; which made 7. Hard as the fire was _______, the firefighters didn't withdraw. A. to control B. to be controlled C. controlled D. controlling 8. On AIDS Day, the minister of Health Department demanded that the problems _______ paid special attention to. A. referred to being B. referred to be C. refer to being D. refer to be 9. I have been staying up until midnight since Monday, working on my paper. I need to _______ some sleep this weekend. A. make sense of B. live up to C. get along with D. catch up on 10. — You shouldn’t have told everybody my secret. — Wait a minute! I didn’t tell anyone... I swear! — Oh, _______! You big mouth！ A. I don’t buy it B. I mean it C. You don’t forget it D. You got it 二、完形填空 I was invited to attend a presentation at the Kentucky School. That evening I found gratitude had amazing _11_ to change our attitude and our life. The young musician Mr. Patrick was_12_ onto the stage in his wheelchair and began to play the piano. His fingers danced across the keys as he_13_ beautiful music. He then began to sing as he played, and it was wonderful. But what shocked me most was his_14_ smile. Patrick was born with no eyes and an illness in the legs, which _15_ him lame for life. However, as a child, he was_16_ with artificial eyes and placed in a wheelchair. Before his first _17_he discovered the piano. When his mom hit any note on the piano, and within one or two _18_ , he’d get it. By his second birthday, he was playing ―Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star‖. His father was_19_. ―We might not play baseball, but we can play music together.‖ When Patrick was at the University of Louisville, his father _20_ classes with him. He was also a part of the 214-member marching band! He was a blind, wheelchair-bound trumpet player; and he and his father did it together. His father_21_the night shift （夜班） in order to accompany his daytime band practice. Patrick says, ―My dad’s my_22_.‖ But even more than his _23_ musical talent, it was Patrick’s ―attitude of gratitude‖ that_24_ my soul. On stage, between songs, he talked to the audience about his life and about how_25_ he was with a great father. When his performance was over, Patrick and his father were on the stage together. The crowd rose to their feet and_26_ for over five minutes. We all face misfortune in our lives._27_，it’s not the hardship but how we _28_ to it that will determine the joy and happiness in our lives. During _29_times, do we spend too much time feeling _30_ for ourselves, or can we, with gratitude, learn how to dance in the rain? 11. A. knowledge B. quality C. wisdom D. power 12. A. rolled B. held C. allowed D. dragged 13. A. wrote B. provided C. made D. gave 14. A. strange B. magic C. bitter D. friendly 15. A. took B. led C. forced D. left 16. A. fitted B. connected C. associated D. filled
17. A. place 18. A. memories 19. A. confused 20. A. listed 21. A. worked 22. A. dream 23. A. unbearable 24. A. touched 25. A. satisfied 26. A. cheered 27. A. Therefore 28. A. see 29. A. happy 30. A. great 三、阅读理解
B. birthday B. words B. amused B. found B. found B. hero B. unbelievable B. calmed B. concerned B. whispered B. Otherwise B. react B. modern B. sorry
C. performance C. tries C. interested C. attended C. refused C. music C. unconditional C. freed C. blessed C. shouted C. However C. agree C. tough C. hopeful
D. attempt D. notes D. overjoyed D. organized D. cancelled D. song D. unreasonable D. felt D. laughed D. laughed D. Besides D. put D. usual D. proud
A The centenary of the birth of William Faulkner, one of the great modern novelists, was celebrated in September 1997. Faulkner wrote about the southern states of the United States of America where he grew up, and where his family had an important part to play in the history of that region. His work became a touchstone for insights into the troubled issues of southern American identity, race relations, and the family interrelationships of the old time southern gentry(贵族). Faulkner was born in New Albany, Mississippi on September 25, 1897. Despite his interest in writing, he left Oxford High School, Mississippi, without graduating. After World War I, he entered the University of Mississippi as a special student, a right to study which was granted to retired soldiers, although Faulkner had only finished training with the Air Force in Canada, and not entered combat. Faulkner began to write poems, a verse play, short stories and finished his first novel Sartoris in 1928. His fiction was centered for 14 of the 19 novels published during his lifetime in a fictional region called Yoknapatawpha County. The name is said to come from the Indian Chickasaw word meaning split land. In December 1950, Faulkner was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. When he accepted it in Stockholm, his speech emphasized that he wished to continue writing, but in a positive way that affirmed the power of humanity to prevail over adverse circumstances. As he said in his speech, he still felt that, despite the threat of nuclear war then hanging over the world, the central concern of the writer should be ―the problems of the human heart in conflict with itself‖. He wanted the tensions and problems that he had cast the spotlight on in the southern states of America to be resolved by the life-affirming attitudes and action of his characters. Like playwright Tennessee Williams, Faulkner was a major voice who spoke for the troubled heart of the southern states of America. His achievement is all the more remarkable because, as a schoolboy, he was not only a frequent absentee but also reportedly failed to reach pass grades in English class. His collected short stories, novels, poems, and other writings form a legacy of literature which casts profound illumination(启发) on the special culture of the South, a culture which developed from a history and social circumstances that were always unique. From the focus on a fictional county, and by remaining true to his view of a close-knit but real society that reflected the greater world around him, Faulkner in the end fashioned a legend of the Deep South that is one of the major achievements of the 20th century literature. 31. Which of the following statements about William Faulkner is NOT true？ A. William Faulkner’s work focuses on several troubled problems of southern America. B. William Faulkner died one hundred years ago. C. Although William Faulkner did not graduate from high school, he had great interests in writing. D. William Faulkner once took part in the army when he was young. 32. Why did William Faulkner write about the southern states of America? A. They were the place where he grew up and his family took an important role in the history of that region. B. His work became a touchstone. C. He cared about the troubled issues of southern America. D. He felt sympathy for the poor in southern America. 33. Which of the following statements about Tennessee William is true?
A. Both Tennessee William and William Faulkner are playwrights. B. Tennessee William was a major voice who spoke for the troubled people in southern America. C. Like Faulkner, he once won Nobel Prize for literature. D. Tennessee William had to pursue his writing career through difficult times. 34. What was William Faulkner’s attitude toward the troubled issues of southern America? A. He reflected them by writing and criticized them. B. He intended to call on the troubled people to rebel. C. The troubled issues of southern America just provided many elements for his novels. D. He advocated resolving them in positive attitudes and actions. B What would you think if someone suggested knocking down St Paul’s Cathedral to widen the road? Or pulling down Big Ben to make way for a car park? It would be ridiculous, right? But when it comes to devastation of the natural world, we aren’t so easily shocked. But we should be…or we’ll be in a lot of trouble. Nature is shrinking by the day. Ancient forests are destroyed. Wetlands are becoming dry. Woodland is disappearing, and all in the name of progress. This is bad in itself, but it’s devastating for biodiversity. Biodiversity refers to the variety of plants, animals and other living things that are all interconnected. The ecological services provided by biodiversity are vital to everyday life. The air we breathe is a product of photosynthesis (光合作用) by green plants. Insects, worms and bacteria break down waste and make soils rich. And tiny organisms clean the water in rivers and sea. In fact, all life on the earth exists thanks to the benefits of biodiversity. More than 90 percent of the calories consumed by people worldwide are produced from 80 plant species. And 30 percent of medicines are developed from plants and animals. Maintaining a wide diversity of species in each ecosystem is necessary to preserve all living things. The loss of biodiversity could be devastating. ―It is wrong to think that biodiversity can be reduced indefinitely without threatening humans,‖ said Harvard University biologist Edward O. Wilson, known as the ―father of biodiversity‖. He warned, ―We are about to reach a critical point beyond which biodiversity loss will become irreversible.‖ But what can we do? The present problem is that the concept of biodiversity is so vague. People might care about giant pandas, but it is much harder to excite them about the fate of tiny sea creatures which are being boiled to death in the cooling systems of power stations along coastlines. The Guardian newspaper is trying to help. It has launched the Biodiversity 100 campaign to try to convince governments around the world to take action to deal with the widespread concerns about biodiversity. This includes persuading the UK government to create a series of marine reserves to reserve the decrease in the sea-life caused by industrial fishing, stopping fishing sharks by the Japanese fishermen and banning the killing of dingoes (wild dogs) in Australia, among many other things. There is a lot to do. And we’d better act quickly if we don’t want to end up with a planet that can’t sustain life! 35. The underlined sentence ―Nature is shrinking by the day.‖ means that ________. A. nature is badly polluted by humans B. species are becoming fewer and fewer day by day C. rainforests are being cut down every day D. nature is full of mysteries 36. Edward O. Wilson thinks that ________. A. it doesn’t matter to reduce biodiversity B. people have done enough to preserve biodiversity C. the situation of biodiversity is very serious D. biodiversity loss has become irreversible 37. When it comes to biodiversity, the present problem is that ________. A. people might not clearly know what is biodiversity and what should be protected B. people are not aware that giant pandas are endangered C. people don’t realize that biodiversity is vital to everyday life D. people hunt sea creatures for food 38. What does the underlined word ―It‖ in paragraph 5 refer to? A. The UK government. B. The concept of biodiversity. C. The action to deal with the problem. D. The Guardian newspaper. 四、任务型阅读 Identical twins Katie and Sarah Monahan arrived at Pennsylvania’s Gettysburg College last year determined to strike out on independent paths. Although the 18-year-old sisters had requested rooms in different dorms, the housing office placed them on the eighth floor of the same building, across the hall from each other. While Katie got along well with her roommate, Sarah was miserable. She and her roommate silently warred over matters ranging from when the lights
should be turned off to how the furniture should be arranged. Finally, they divided the room in two and gave up on oral communication, communicating primarily through short notes. During this time, Sarah kept running across the hall to seek comfort from Katie. Before long, the two wanted to live together again. Sarah’s roommate eventually agreed to move out. ―From the first night we lived together again, we felt so comfortable,‖ says Sarah. ―We felt like we were back home.‖ Sarah’s ability to solve her dilemma by rooming with her identical twin is unusual, but the conflict she faced is not. Despite extensive efforts by many schools to make good roommate matches, unsatisfactory outcomes are common. Differences in preferred life styles and personalities contribute to the conflict. One roommate is always cold, while the other never wants to turn up the furnace, even though the thermometer says it’s minus five outside. One person likes quiet, while the other person spends two hours a day practicing the trumpet, or turns up his sound system to the point where the whole room vibrates. Most roommate conflicts spring from such small, annoying differences rather than from grand disputes over abstract philosophical principles. However, if not dealt with carefully, they will eventually tear roommates apart. Roommate conflicts do harm to students’ psychological health and cause depression. Worse still, depression in college roommates is often passed from one person to another. In extreme cases, roommate conflict can lead to serious violence, as it did at Harvard last spring: One student killed her roommate before committing suicide. Many schools have started conflict resolution programs to calm tensions that otherwise can build up like a volcano preparing to explode, ultimately resulting in physical violence. Some colleges have resorted to ―roommate contracts‖ that all new students have to sign after attending a seminar on roommate relations. The contracts cover terms like acceptable hours for study and sleep, a policy for use of each other’s possessions, etc. Other schools have attended to the problem by using computerized matching, a process that nevertheless remains more of a guessing game than a science. Students are classified and distributed based on their responses to housing form questions about smoking tolerance, preferred hours of study and sleep, and self-described tendencies toward tidiness or disorder. However, parents sometimes weaken the process by taking the forms and filling in false and wishful data about their children habits, especially on the smoking questions. The matching process is also complicated by a philosophical debate among housing managers concerning the flavor of university life: ―Do you put together people who are similar – or different, so they can learn about each other?‖ A cartoon sums up the way many students feel the process works: Surrounded by a mass of papers, a housing worker picks up two selection forms and exclaims, ―Likes chess, likes football; they’re perfect together!‖ Title :Roommates Conflicts Passage outline Supporting details ◇Katie and Sarah came to study at Gettysburg College, determined to take their (1)________ paths. An example to ◇While Katie enjoyed a friendly relationship with her roommate, introduce the topic Sarah had (2) ________ wars with her roommate over daily matters. ◇Roommate conflicts are quite (3) ________ in college dorms. (5) ________ in their preferred lifestyles and (4) ________ of ◇Students personalities. roommate conflicts ◇Small annoying differences are not (6) ________with carefully. Negative impacts of roommate conflicts (8) ________ taken to solve roommate conflicts ◇Roommate conflicts may lead to little or no communication. ◇Roommate conflicts can damage students’ (7) ________ health, causing depression or even violence. ◇Some colleges have resorted to ―roommate contracts‖: All new comers have to sign a contract, (9) ________ terms like acceptable hours for study and sleep, and so on. ◇Other schools have tried using computerized matching: Students are put into different rooms (10) ________ to their responses to housing form questions.
1-5 DBDCB 6-10 BABDA 11-15DACBD 16-20ABCDC 21-25ABBAC 26-30ACBCB 31-34 BCBD 35-38 BCAD 1. independent 2. silent 3. common/usual 4. Causes 5. differ 6.dealt/coped 7. psychological/mental 8. Measures 9. covering / including 10. according