高一定语从句 语法归纳及练习 一、语法知识归纳 基本概念： （一） 定语从句在复合句中作定语，修饰名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。 （二） 先行词被定语从句所修饰的名词或代词。一般情况下，定语从句紧跟先行词。但也有因各种原因定语从句与先 行词被分割的现象。 （三）关系代词和关系副词 定语从句的引导词。 与先行词关系密切， 因此紧跟先行词， 并在定语从句中充当一个成分。 关系代词有： who, whom, which, that 和 whose, 另外， 也可充当关系代词。 as 关系代词在定语从句中充当主语、 宾语、 表语和定语。 关系副词有： when, where 和 why。在定语从句中充当状语。 二、关系代词的用法 （一）基本用法 根据先行词的不同，和在从句中所充当的成分不同，选用不同的关系代词。 如下表： 先行 关系词 从句成分 例句 备注 词 who 人 主语，宾语 Do you know the man who is talking with your mother?
whom 关 系 whose 代 词 that which as
Mr. Smith is the person with whom I am working The boy (whom) she loved died in the war. I like those books whose topics are about history. The boy whose father works abroad is my classmate. A plane is a machine that can fly. She is the pop star (that) I want to see very much. The book (which) I gave you was worth $10. The picture which was about the accident was terrible. He is such a person as is respected by all of us. This is the same pen as I lost yesterday.
人，物 人，物 物 人，物
定语 主语，宾语 主语，宾语 主语，宾语
例如： （注意关系代词在定语从句中所充当的成分） ① Do you know the professor who/that will give us a speech next week? （作主语） ② I read a report about his new novel that/ which will soon be published. （作主语） ③ The plan that/which they argued about was settled at last. （作宾语） ④ This is the new secretary (who/whom/that) I would like to introduce to you. （作宾语） ⑤ The soldier whose legs were badly wounded was operated on without delay. （作定语） 注意：关系代词在定语从句中充当宾语时可以省略，充当主语时则不能。 （见上例③④） （二）关系代词 that 代替 which 的一些情况 which, that 在代替物时，一般可以通用。 但在有些情况下，只用 that。 ⑴ 先行词是最高级形容词或它的前面有最高级形容词修饰时。 例如： ① This is the best that has been used against pollution. ② English is the most difficult subject that you will learn during these years. ⑵ 先行词是序数词，或它前面有一个序数词时。例如： ① This is the last place (that) I want to visit. ② It is the first American movie of this kind that I’ve ever seen. ⑶ 先行词是 all, much, little, something, everything, anything, nothing, none 等代词时。 例如：① You should hand in all that you have. ② We haven’t got much that we can offer you.
⑷ 先行词前面有 the only, the very, any, few, little, no, all, much, every 等修饰时。 例如：① The only thing that we can do is to give you some money. ② The little money (that) he had was stolen. （三）宜用 who, 而不用 that 的一些情况 ⑴ 先行词是 one, ones, anyone 时。 例如：① One who has nothing to fear for oneself dares to tell the truth. ② Don’t tell anyone about the news who oughtn’t to know it. ⑵先行词是 those 时。 例如：① Those who were not fit for their work could not see the beautiful clothes made of the magic cloth. （四）其它情况 ⑴ 先行词既有人又有物时。例如： ① Do you know the things and persons that they are talking about? ② The bike and its rider that had run over an old man were taken to the police station. ⑵ 主句已有疑问词 who 或 which 时。 例如：① Which is the bike that you lost?② Who is the woman that was praised at the meeting? （五）与 whose 有关的问题 ⑴ whose 是代词的所有格，它既可以代人也可以代物。 例如：① I saw a woman whose bag was stolen. ② Please show me the book whose cover is red. ⑵ 当 whose 表示物与物的所有格关系时，亦可用 of which 的形式。 whom, which 和 that 在从句中做宾语 例如： 时，常可以省略，但介词提前时后面 The building whose roof you can see from here is a new restaurant. ① 关系代词不能省略，也不可以用 that The building, the roof of which you can see from here, is a new restaurant.或 → → The building, of which the roof you can see from here is a new restaurant. 三、介词前提的问题 关系代词在定语从句中充当介词宾语时，介词可以前提至关系代词前。 例如： Have you seen the pen (which) I wrote the note with just now? （which 作介词 with 的宾语） as 做宾语一般不省略 →Have you seen the pen with which I wrote the note just now? 但是，要注意的是： ⑴ 介词前提后，先行词是人或物，关系代词分别只能用 whom 和 which，而不再用 that 或 who。 ⑵ 介词前提后，关系代词不再能省略。 ⑶ 有些含有介词的短语动词中的介词不能前提，如：look for, look after, take care of 等。例如： ① 错误：Who is the old man to that you were talking to? 正确：Who is the old man to whom you were talking ? 或 Who is the old man (that/ whom) you were talking to? ② 错误：These are the sheep of which the boy took care. 正确：These are the sheep (which/that) the boy took care of. 四、关系代词在从句中作主语时，从句中的主谓一致 关系代词在定语从句中作主语时，从句的谓语动词在人称和数上应与先行词一致。例如： ① Who is the guy that is reading over there? ② The number of people that are going to the exhibition is expected to be over 25,000. ③ All that needs to be done has been done. ④ He is one of the students who use computer a lot for study. ⑤ Timmy is the only one of the pupils that has failed the exam. 例③中的 all 意为―一切‖，作单数。例⑤中没通过考试的学生事实上只有一人，因此谓语动词也用单数。 五、如何选择关系代词，关系副词 先把主句和定语从句分开，再找出定语从句所修饰的名词/代词（即先行词） ，然后放入定语从句中，看看这两者的搭配 情况。 1）如果定语从句和该先行词可以直接相连，且在从句中充当主语/宾语/表语的话，则用关系代词。 因为关系代词也属于代词，而代词功能同名词，在句子中一般充当语/宾语/表语。 如：This is the city (which/that) you visited last year. 1
定语从句所修饰的先行词是 the city， 放入定语从句 you visited last year 中， 则它直接充当 visited 的宾语， 变成： visited you the city last year. 2）如果定语从句和该先行词无法直接相连，必须另外多加上介词，并在定语从句中充当状语时，则使用关系副词。 如：This is the city where you stayed last year. 定语从句所修饰的先行词也是 the city， 将其放入定语从句中不能直接作成分， 必须加上介词 in， 一起做从句的地点状语， 即定语从句变为：you stayed in the city last year. 六、定语从句改错考点 定语从句的改错主要涉及关系代词、 关系副词的运用以及定语从句中的主谓一致问题。 1． 判断关系代词及关系副词的使用是否正确。 2． 判断先行词与定语从句的谓语动词的数是否一致。 3． 检查关系代词的格的使用是否正确， 尤其是在关系代词作主语和介词前置时。 4． 检查有无关系副词与介词重复使用的情况。 5． 检查有无漏掉作主语的关系代词的情况。 6． 检查非限制性定语从句的关系代词使用是否正确。 7． 检查定语从句中除了关系代词或关系副词外， 是否还有多余的代词或副词。 七、练习题 I. 选择适当的关系代词或关系副词把下列句子补充完整。 1. His father died in the year ____________ he was born. 2. He is unlikely to find the place ______________ he lived forty years ago. 3. Do you remember the day ______________ you joined our club? 4. Recently I bought a beautiful vase ______________ price was quite reasonable. 5. The reason ______________ I came here is to get your help. 6. I got the book in a small bookstore, the name of ____________ I cannot remember. 7. I will never forget the day _______________ we first met. 8. Is this the factory _________________ you once worked for? 9. Is that the reason ______________ he gave for his terrible behavior? 10. The kind girl ______________ shared her umbrella with me this morning turned out to be my boss. II. 用定语从句合并下列句子 1. Bamboo grows well in these places. It’s warm and wet all year round in these places. _______________________________________________________________________ 2. Shall we go shopping this weekend? I’ll have finished all my work by then. _______________________________________________________________________ 3. Sandy is not a very popular singer, because of his strange way. He dances in a strange way. _______________________________________________________________________ 4. Is there any reason? They don’t agree with each other on anything. _______________________________________________________________________ 5. How can I forget that birthday? I was caught cheating on that day. _______________________________________________________________________ III. 单项填空 1. Do you know the reason_____________ Tom didn’t come yesterday?A. which B. why C. who D. that 2. After living in Paris for fifty years he returned to the small town ______ he grew up as a child. A. which B. where C. that D. when 3. Is this the reason__________ she gave for not finishing her homework yesterday? A. why B. for which C. that D. to which 4. After the war, a new school was put up ______ there had once been a theatre. A. that B. which C. when D. where 5. Do you know the reason ______ she got so angry yesterday? 2
A. why B. that C. which D. whom 6. Do you believe the reason ______ he gave for his being late? A. why B. for which C. which D. it 7. He has got himself into a dangerous situation ______ he is likely to lose control over the plane. which C. while D. when 8. I don’t like the way _____ you speak to her. A. which B. / C. of which D. by which 9. The old man told us _____ the days ______ he was poor were gone. A. that, when B. what, when C. when, that D. something, that 10. I shall never forget the day ____ Shenzhou V was launched, ____ has a great effect on my life. A. when; which B. that; which C. which; that D. when; that 11. I walked in the garden, ___Tom and Jim were tying a big string onto one of the trees. A. which B. when C. where D .that 12. Let's put off the picnic until next week, ______ the weather may be better. A. as B. then C. if D. when 13. We are living in an age many things are done on computer. A. which B. that C. whose D. when 14. Winter is the time of year _____ the days are short and nights are long. A. that B. which C. when D. whose 15. Is there anyone in your class _____ family is in the city? A. which B. whose C. what D. who 16. Can you suggest a time ______ we can meet? A. which B. when C. where D. how 17. These days _____ we spent together cannot be easily forgotten. A. that B. when C. on which D. at which 18. Nearly all the food ______ comes from animals and plants. A. that eat B. is eaten C. we eat D. that eats 19. This is _____ I can do for you right now. A. which B. that C. what D. as 20. I can still remember the sitting-room ___my mother and I used to sit in the evening. A. what B. which C. that D. where 21. On the train I saw a student _____ I thought was your sister. A. who B. whom C. which D. that 22. Egypt is a country _____ is famous for its pyramids. A. where B. which C. in which D. at which 23. China is the country _____ he spent the best part of his life. A. where B. which C. in that D. at which 24. Have you got anything _____ belongs to me? A. which B. that C. of which D. what 25. This is the magazine _____ I copied the paragraph. A. that B. which C. from that D. from which 26. I didn’t like the way _____ she treated children. A. which B. that C. how D. as 27. He is the only one of the three _____ got the new idea. A. who have B. whom have C. who has D. whose had 28. The boss _____ department Ms King worked ten years ago look down upon women. A. in which B. in that C. in whose D. whose 29. Alec asked the policeman _____ he worked to contact him whenever there was an accident. C. with whom D. whom 30. It was at our college library _____ I borrowed the novel. A. which B. in which C. that D. where
A. with him
IV. 改错 1. Is this the museum the one the exhibition was held? 2. Who is late for the meeting tomorrow will be punished. 3. That is not the hospital that I stayed last time. 4. I am looking forward to the day which I become independent. 5. Why do you believe a person once told so many lies? 6. Nobody will forget the earthquake happened in Sichuan. 7. He is one of the students who is never late. V. 真题回顾 1. Occasions are quite rare _____ I have the time to spend a day with my kids. (08 山东) A. who B. which C. why D. when 2. Later in this chapter cases will be introduced to readers ______ consumer complaints have resulted in changes in the law. (2008 江西) A. where B. when C. who D. which 3. All the neighbors admire the family _____ the parents are treating their child like a friend. (2008 安徽) A. why B. where C. which D. that 4. Those successful deaf dancers think that dancing is an activity _____ sight matters more than hearing. (2007 天津) A. when B. whose C. which D. where 5. Today, we’ll discuss a number of cases ______ beginners of English fail to use the language properly. (2007 陕西) A. which B. as C. why D. where 6. —Where did you get to know her? —It was on the farm _______ we worked. ( 2007 山东) A. that B. there C. which D. where 7. After graduation she reached a point in her career _____ she heeded to decision what to do. (2007 江西) A. that B. what C. which D. where 8. The village has developed a lot we learned farming two years ago. (2007 福建) A. when B. which C. that D. where 9. If a shop has chairs _______ women can park their men, women will spend more time in the shop. (2005 上海) A. that B. which C. when D. where 10. There were dirty marks on her trousers _______ she had wiped her hands.（04 广西） A. where B. which C. when D. that 11. Some pre-school children go to a day care center, _______ they learn simple games and songs. （07 全国Ⅰ） A. then B. there C. while D. where 12. We shouldn’t spent our money testing so many people, most of ____are healthy. (07 北京) A. that B. which C. what D. whom 13. Those successful deaf dancers think that dancing is an activity _____ sight matters more than hearing. (07 天津) A. when B. whose C. which D. where 14. Today, we’ll discuss a number of cases ________ beginners of English fail to use the language properly.（07 陕西） A. which B. as C. why D. where 15. —Where did you get to know her? —It was on the farm _______ we worked. （07 山东） A. that B. there C. which D. where 参考答案 （一）选择适当的关系代词 that, which, who, whom 或 whose，把下列句子补充完整。 1. when 2. where 3. when 4.whose 5. why 6. which 7. (when) 8. (that/which) 9. (that) 10. who/that （二）用定语从句合并下列句子 1. Bamboo grows well in places where it’s warm and wet all year round. 2. Shall we go shopping this weekend by which time I’ll have finished all my work.? 3. Sandy is not a very popular singer because of the strange way he dances. 3
4. Is there any reason why they don’t agree with each other on anything? 5. How can I forget that birthday when I was caught cheating? （三）单项填空 1-5 BBCDA 6-10 CABAA 11-15 CDDCB 16-20 BACCD 21-25 ABABD 26-30 BCCCC （四）改错 1. Is this the museum where the exhibition was held?或者 Is this museum the one where the exhibition was held. 2. Whoever is late for the meeting tomorrow will be punished.或者 Anyone who is late for the meeting tomorrow will be punished. 3. That is not the hospital where/ in which I stayed last time. 4. I am looking forward to the day when /on which I become independent. 5. Why do you believe a person who/that once told so many lies? 6. Nobody will forget the earthquake that/which happened in Sichuan. 7. He is one of the students who are never late. （五）真题回顾 1-5 DABDD 6-10 DDDDA 高一定语从句专项练习(1) 1.The place _______interested me most was the Children's Palace. A. Which B. where C. what D. in which 2.Do you know the man _______? A. whom I spoke B. to who spoke C. I spoke to D. that I spoke 3.This is the hotel _______last month. A. which they stayed B. at that they stayed C. where they stayed at D. where they stayed 4.Do you know the year ______the Chinese Communist Party was founded? A. which B. that C. when D. on which 5.That is the day ______I'll never forget. A. which B. on which C. in which D. when 6.The factory ______we'll visit next week is not far from here. A. where B. to which C. which D. in which 7.Great changes have taken place in the factory ____we are working since then. A. where B. that C. which D. there 8.This is one of the best films _______. A. that have been shown this year B. that have shown C. that has been shown this year D. that you talked 9.Can you lend me the book ______the other day? A. about which you talked B. which you talked C. about that you talked D. that you talked 10.The pen ______he is writing is mine. A.with which B.in which C.on which D.by which 11.They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of ______sat a small boy. A. whom B. who C. which D. that 12.The engineer ______my father works is about 50 years old. A.to whom B.on whom C.with which D. with whom 13.It there anyone in your class ______family is in the country? A. who B. who's C. which D. whose 14.I'm interested in ______you have said. A. all that B.all what C. that D. which 15.I want to use the same dictionary ______was used yesterday. A. which B. who C. what D. as 16.He isn't such a man ______he used to be. A. who B. whom C. that D. as 17.He is good at English, ______we all know. A. that B. as C. whom D. what 18.Li Ming, ______to the concert enjoyed it very much. A. I went with B. with whom I went C. with who I went D.I went with him 19.I don't like ______ as you read. A. the novels B. the such novels C. such novels D. same novels 20.He talked a lot about things and persons _______they remembered in the school. A. which B. that C. whom D. what 21.The letter is from my sister, ______is working in Beijing. A. which B. that C. whom D. who 22.In our factory there are 2,000 workers, two thirds of ____are women. A. them B. which C. whom D. who 23.You're the only person ______I've ever met ______could do it. A. who;/ B./; whom C. whom;/ D./; who 24.I lost a book, ______I can't remember now. A. whose title B. its title C. the title of it D. the title of that 25.Last summer we visited the West Lake, ______Hangzhou is famous in the world. A.for which B.for that C.in which D what 26.I have bought such a watch _______ was advertised on TV. A. that B. which C. as D. it 27.I can never forget the day _______ we worked together and the day ______ we spent together.
A.when; which B.which; when C.what; that D.on which; when 28.The way ______he looks at problems is wrong. A. which B. whose C. what D./ 29.This is the reason ______he didn't come to the meeting. A. in which B. with which C. that D. for which 30.This machine, ______for many years, is still working perfectly. A.after which I have looked B. which I have looked after C. that I have looked after D. I have looked after 31.The reason ______he didn't come was ______he was ill. A. why; that B. that; why C. for that; hat D. for which; what 32.He is working hard, ______will make him pass the final exam. A.that B.which C.for which D.who 33.That is not the way ______I do it. A./ B.which C.for which D.with which 34.I have two grammars, ___are of great use. A. all of which B. either of which C. both of that D. both of which 35.I want to use the same tools ____used in your factory a few days ago. A.as was B. which was C.as were D. which 36.My neigh bours used to give me a hand in time of trouble, _______ was very kind of them. A. who B. which C. that D. it 37.This is the magazine _______ I copied the paragraph. A. that B. which C. from that D. from which 38.He is not such a man _______ would leave his work half done. A. that B. which C. who D. as 39. You can depend on whatever promise _______ he makes. A. / B. why C. when D. whose 40. Smoking, _______ is a bad habit, is, however, popular. A. that B. which C. it D. though 41. --- Did you ask the guard _______ happened? --- Yes, he told me all _______ he knew. A.what; that B. what; what C. which; which D. that; that 42. I shall never forget those years _______ I lived on the farm with the farmers, _______ has a great effect on my life. A.when; who B.that; which C. which; that D. when; which 43. The number of the people who _______ cars ______ increasing. A.owns; are B. owns; is C. own; is D. own; are 44. During the days _______, he worked as a servant at the Browns. A.followed B.following C.to follow D.that followed 45. Is oxygen the only gas _______ helps fire burn? A. that B. / C. which D. it 46. The clever boy made a hole in the wall, _______ he could see _____ was going on inside house. A. which; what B. through which; what C.through that; what D. what; that 47. Is _______ some German friends visited last week? A. this school B. this the school C. this school one D. this school where 48. John got beaten in the game, _______ had been expected. A. as B. that C. what D. who 49. I have bought two ballpens, _______ writes well. A. none of them B. neither of them C. neither of which D. none of which 50. All that can be eaten _______ eaten up. A. are being B. has been C. had been D. have been 高一定语从句专项练习（2） 1. Nearly all the streets are in straight lines, ________ from east to west. Those ________ run from north to south are called avenues.A. running; that B. run; who C. running; who D. run; that 2. This is the case ________ he’s had all his money stolen.A. when B. where C. that D. on which 3. Mr. Smith will pay a visit to Beijing this autumn, ________ we will enjoy the Olympic Games in 2008. A. where B. when C. which D. how 4. The artist will not paint people or animals but he will paint anything ________ . A. that the little girl asks him B. the little girl asks him toC. for the little girl to ask him D. what the little girl asks him 5. —How did you get in touch with the travel agent, Robin? —Oh, that’s easy. I surfed the Internet and then called one ________ the telephone number is provided. A. which B. in which C. of which D. whose 6. October 15 th is my birthday, ________ I will never forget.A. when B. that C. what D. which 7. The treatment will continue until the patient reaches the point ________ he can walk correctly and safely. A. when B. where C. which D. whose 8. There are several research centers in China ________ a certain disease called Bird Flu is being studied. A. which B. where C. when D. what 9. I hope that the little ________ I have been able to do does good to them all.A. which B. what C. that D. when 10. The time is not far away ________ modern communications will become widespread in China’s vast countryside. A. as B. when C. until D. before 4
11. ________ is known to everybody, Taiwan is a part of China. We must unify it.A. It B. As C. Which D. What 12. I shall never forget the day ________ Shen Zhou V was launched, ________ has a great effect on my life. A. when, which B. that, which C. which, that D. when, that 13. The bread my wife makes is much better than ________ you can buy at a store. A. that which B. one that C. that of which D. this of which 14. There is no such place _____ you dream of in all this world.A. that B. what C. which D. as 15. The people, ________ had been damaged by the flood, were given help by the Red Cross. A. all whose homes B. all of whose homesC. all their homes D. all of their homes 16. The humans are destroying nature day by day, of course, will cause severe punishment from it sooner or later. A. who B. when C. on which D. which 17. Is this research center ________ you visited the modern equipment last year? A. where B. that C. the one that D. the one where 18. Some pictures of the river brought the days back to the old ________ they swam in it.A. when B. that C. who D. where 19. The man showed us so heavy a stone ________ no man can lift.A. that B. as C. which D. and 20. He stayed there for quite a long time, during ________ time he learned much spoken English. A. that B. this C. which D. same 高一定语从句专项练习（3） 1. Who is the woman is sweeping the floor over there?A. who B. / C. that D. when 2. The doctor is leaving for Africa next month. A. the nurse is talking to him B. whom the nurse is talking C. the nurse is talking to D. who the nurse is talking 3. He talked about a hero no one had ever heard. A. of whom B. from whom C. about that D. who 4. Have you read the book I lent to you? A. that B. whom C. when D. whose 5. American women usually identify their best friend as someone ______ they can talk frequently. A. who B. as C. about which D. with whom 6. Recently I bought a second-hand car was very low. A. which price B. the price of whose C. its price D. whose price 7. Lily, is Helen ______ you want to introduce me to?A. that B. who C. whom D. the girl 8. The professors talked with us about the beautiful schools and the experienced teachers ______ they had seen. A. that B. who C. which D. what 9. This is the only bus ______ goes to the village school.A. / B. that C. where D. it 10. Is there a shop around _______sells China Daily?A. who B. where C. in which D. which 11. She was the only one of the girls in our class _______ accepted as candidate for the president of our Students’ Union. A. who was B. who were C. who has been D. who have been 12. She is no longer the sweet little girl ______ she used to be.A. what B. who C. when D. that 13. Is this singer ______ songs you like best?A. who’s B. whose C. which D the one whose 14. He got angry with _____ was against his opinion.A. who B. whomever C. whoever D. no matter who 15. Anyone _____with what I said may raise your hand. A. which agrees B. who agree C. who agrees D. which agree 16. That’s the dog ______. A.we’ve been looking after B. after which we’ve been looking C. what we’ve been looking after D. we’ve been taking care for 17. This is the last time ______ I’ll give you a lesson.A. when B. that C. what D. as 18. The family _____ I stayed with in Paris are coming to London.A. whose B. which C. what D. whom 19. This is the very knife ______ I used to cut apples yesterday.A. that B. by which C. which D. with which 20. China has many rivers, ____ the Yangtze River is the longest..A. which B. in which C. among which D. one of which 21. The use they are ______ the waste helps to save a lot of money. A. made of B. made from C. making up of D. making of 22. That tree, the branches _____ are almost bare, is a very old one. A. whose B. in which C. of which D. of it 23. In the dark street, there wasn’t a single person ____ she could turn for help.A. That B. who C. from whom D. to whom 24. What is the way Smith thought of __ enough money to buy the new house?A. getting B. having got C. being got D. to get
25. Jack spent as much time as he could ______ over his lessons.A. going B. went C. go D. to go 26. The freezing point is the temperature ___water changes into ice. A. at which B. on that C. when D. of which 27. I am impressed by the fact that he makes good use of every minute _____ he can spare. A. that B. in which C. in that D. when 28. This is the last time ______ I will write to you. A. when B. that C. what D. as 29. I don’t like the way ______ he spoke to me. A. what B. by which C. by that D. / 30. The train __ he was traveling was delayed for more than an hour.A. by which B. on which C. for which D. on that （4）真题回顾 1. We went through a period _____ communications were very difficult in rural areas. (2008 上海) A. which B. whose C. in which D. with which 2. Human facial expressions differ from those of animals in the degree _____ they can be controlled on purpose. (2007 重庆) A. with which B. to which C. of which D. for which 3. Animals suffered at the hands of Man ______ they were destroyed by people to make way for agricultural had to provide food for more people. (2008 江西) A. in which B. for which C. so that D. in that 4. Some children want to challenge themselves by learning a language different from ______ their parents speak at home. (2008 浙江) A. what B. that C. which D. one 5. You can only be sure of _____ you have at present; you cannot be sure of something _____ you might get in the future. (2007 安徽) A. that; what B. what; / C. which; that D. /; that 6. Women _____ drink more than two cups of coffee a day have a greater chance of having heart disease than those _____ don’t. (2006 北京) A. who, / B. /; who C. who, who D. /; / 7. The Beatles _____ many of you are old enough to remember came from Livepool.(2006) A. what B. that C. how D. as 8. In an hour, we can travel to places _____ would have taken our ancestors days to reach. (2006 上海) A. where B. when C. which D. what 9. I saw a woman running toward me in the dark. Before I could recognize who she was, she had run back in the direction ________ she had come.（ 2006 重庆卷） A. of which B. by which C. in which D. from which 10. Look out! Don’t get too close to the house ______ roof is under repair. (2006 福建) A. whose B. which C. of which D. that 11. – Mom, what did your doctor say? －He advised me to live ____ the air is fresher. (2006 四川) A. in where B. in which C. the place where D. where 12. The schools themselves admit that not all children will be successful in the jobs ______ they are being trained. (2005 江西) A. in that B. for that C. in which D. for which 13. The English play ____ my students acted at the New Year’s party was a great success. (2004 全国) A. for which B. at which C. in which D. on which 14. George Orwell, ____ was Eric Arthur, wrote many political novels and essays. (2004 全国) A. the real name B. what his real name C. his real name D. whose real name 15. The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year, 80% ________ are sold abroad. (2004 辽宁) A. of which B. which of C. of them D. of that 2012-2011 定语从句高考题 【2012 全国卷 II】⒏ That evening, ___ I will tell you more about later, I ended up working very late. A. that B. which C. what D. when 【2012 安徽】29. Ａlot of language learning, has been discovered, is happening in the first year of life, so parents should talk much to their children during that period. A. as B. it C. which D. this 【2012 重庆】29. Sales director is a position _____communication ability is just as important as sales skills. A. which B. that C. when D. where 【2012 北京】26. When deeply absorbed in work, ______ he often was，he would forget all about eating or sleeping. A. that B. which C. where D. when 【2012 福建】23. The air quality in the city, _____ is shown in the report, has improved over the past two months. A. that B. it C. as D. what 【2012 陕西】 It is the third time that she has won the race, ____ has surprised us all.A. that B. where C. which 14. D. what 【2012 山东】23. Maria has written two novels, both of ___ have been made into television series. A. them B. that C. which D. what 5
【2012 湖南】34. Care of the soul is a gradual process ____ even the small details of life should be considered. A. what B. in what C. which D. in which 【2012 天津】7. I wish to thank Professor Smith, without ____ help I would never have got this far. A. who B. whose C. whom D. which 【2012 江西】28. By 16:30, ____ was almost closing time, nearly all the paintings had been sold. A. which B. when C. what D. that 【2012 四川】13. In our class there are 46 students, _____ half wear glasses. A. in whom B. in them C. of whom D. of them 【2012 浙江】9. We live in an age ______ more information is available with greater ease than ever before. A. why B. when C. to whom D. on which 【2012 浙江】17. Ellen was a painter of birds and of nature, _____, for some reason, had withdrawn from all human society. A. which B. who C. where D. whom 【2012 江苏】22. After the flooding, people were suffering in that area, ____ urgently needed clean water, medicine and shelter to survive. A. which B. who C. where D. what 2011 年 1、(2011 全国卷 I) 31. The prize will go to the writer ________ story shows the most imagination. A. that B. which C. whose D. what 2、 （2011 全国卷 II） Ted came for the weekend wearing only some shorts and a T-shirt, ____ is a stupid thing to do in such 7. weather. A. this B. that C. what D. which 3、 （2011 北京卷） Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others, _________, of course, make all the others upset. 26. A. who B. which C. what D. that 4、(2011 上海卷) 39. You’ll find taxis waiting at the bus station ____ you can hire to reach your host family. A. which B. where C. when D. as 5、（2011 山东卷）32.The old town has narrow streets and small houses _____are built close to each other. A. they B. where C. what D. that 6、（2011 江西卷）34. She showed the visitors around the museum, the construction _____had taken more than three years. A. for which B. with which C. of which D. to which 7、（2011 江苏卷）24. Between the two parts of the concert is an interval, _______ the audience can buy ice-cream. A. when B. where C. that D. which 8、（2011 安徽卷）28. Whatever is left over may be put into the refrigerator, _____ it will keep for two or three weeks. A. when B. which C. where D. while 9、（2011 浙江卷）8. English is a language shared by several diverse cultures, each of ____ uses it somewhat differently. A. which B. what C. them D. those 10、（2011 浙江卷）10. A bank is the place ______ they lend you an umbrella in fair weather and ask for it back when it begins to rain. A. when B. that C. where D. there 11、 （2011 福建卷）24. She has a gift for creating an atmosphere for her students ____ allows them to communicate freely with each other. A. which B. where C. what D. who 12、（2011 四川卷）17. The school shop, _____ customers are mainly students, is closed few the holidays. A. which B. whose C. when D. where 13、（2011 天津卷）10. The days are gone ________ physical strength was all you needed to make a living. A. when B. that C. where D. which 14、（2011 陕西卷）11.I walked up to the top of the hill with my friend, _____ we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake. A. which B. where C. who D. that 15、(2011 湖南卷)25.Julie was good at German, French and Russian , all of _________ she spoke fluently. A. who B. whom C. which D. that
高一定语从句专项练习（1）1-5 ACDCA 高一定语从句专项练习（2）1-5 ABABC 高一定语从句专项练习（3）1-5 CCAAD 6-10 CAAAA 11-15 CDDAD 16-20 DBBCB 21-25 DCDAA 26-30 CADDB 31-35 ABADC 36-40 BDDAB 41-45 ADCDA 46-50 BBACB 6-10 DBBCB 11-15 BAADB 16-20 DDABC 6-10 DDABD 11-15 ADBCC 16-20 ABDAC 21-25 DCDDA 26-30 AABDB 6—10 CACAC 11-----15ADABC
（4）真题回顾 1-5 CBDAB 6-10 CDCDA 11-15 DDCDA
（5）2012 年 1．BADBC 6.CCDBA 11.CBBB 2011 年：1---5CDBAD