1.His leg badly ____, he had to stay in B bed. 独立主格 A.was hurt B.hurt 结构 C.to hurt D.hurting =Because his leg was badly hurt, he had to stay in bed. A 2.All things____, he is fit for the job. A.considered B.was considered C.are considered D.considering =If all things are considered, he is fit for the job.
独立主格结构是由一个相当于主语的名词或代词 加上非谓语动词、形容词（副）词、或介词短语 构成的一种独立成分。该结构不是句子，也不是 从句，它与其主句之间既不能通过并列连词连接 也不能有从句引导词引导，常用逗号与其主句隔 开。独立主格结构起状语的作用，在很多情况下 可以转化为相应的状语从句或其他状语形式，因 为它内部动词的逻辑主语与主句主语不一致。在 做这类题目时一定要小心判断，不能粗心大意。
一、独立主格结构的构成形式 1. 名/代（逻辑主语）+分词(doing/done)
1.Weather ____, we will go out for a walk. C A.permits B.permitted C.permitting D.to permit =If weather permits,we will.... 2._________no bus, we had to walk home. A A.There being B.Being C.Having been D.There was = Because there was no bus, we had to walk home.
3._________, the train started. A A.The signal given B.Giving the signal C.The signal being given D.The signal giving
=After the signal was given,the train started.
B 4._________, the text became easier for us to learn. A.Explaining new words B.New words explained C.Being explained new words D.Having explained new words = When new words were explained , the text became easier for us to learn.
2 .名/代（逻辑主语）+不定式（to do） C The exam______ tomorrow, I can't go to the cinema tonight. A.to hold B.being held C.to be held D.having been held
=Because the exam is to be held tomorrow , I can't go to the cinema.
3.名/代（逻辑主语）+形/副 （名/代+being +形/副, being可省略） D 1.Our lessons____, we went to play football. A.being over B.over C.were over D.A and B =When our lessons were over, we went to play football.
2._________, you can wait a while. D A.The play being still on B.The play still on C Being still on the play D.A and B A 3._________, so you can wait a while A.The play is still on B.The play being still on C.As the play is still on D.The play still on
4.名/代（逻辑主语）+介词短语 ? with+名+介+形物主代词+名 The teacher came in, with a book in his hand. ?名+介+名 The teacher came in , book in hand.
B 1.He left the office, __________. A.tears being in eyes B.tears in eyes C.being tears in eyes D.with tears being in eyes
1.She lay against the wall, the sun ___ C upon her. A.shine B.was shining C.shining D.shines D 2.Winter____, it is getting colder and colder. A.comes B.came C.to come D.having come
3.The homework___,the child went B home. A.finishing B.finished C.to finish D.was finished A 4._____the work made the boss very happy. A.His finishing B.Finished C.He finished D.Finishing
3._____ a satisfactory operation , the A patient recovered from illness very quickly. A.Having been given B.Having given C.Giving D.Being given 4.____a satisfactory operation, the B doctor believed the patient would recover from his illness very soon. A.Having been given B.Having given C.Giving D.Being given
D 5.Finding her car stolen,__________. A.a policeman was asked to help B.the area was searched thoroughly C.it was looked for everywhere D.she hurried to a policeman for help A 6.Faced with a bill for $10,000,______. A.John has taken an extra job B.the boss has given John an extra job C.an extra job has been taken D.an extra job has been given to John
7.When ___different cultures, we often C pay attention only to the differences without noticing the many similarities. A.compared B.being compared C.comparing D.having compared 8.____with the size of the whole earth D the biggest ocean does not seem big at all. A.Compare B.When comparing C.Comparing D.When compared