八年级英语上册 Unit 6 I’m going to study computer science语法小专题同步练习 (新版)人教新目标版

Unit 6 I’m going to study computer science
单元语法小专题(Grammar Focus) 语法精讲
一般将来时的用法(Ⅰ) 1.一般将来时的定义 一般将来时表示在将来某一个时间将要发生的动作或存在的状态,也可以表示打算在将来去做的动作。一般将 来时主要有两种表示形式:“will+动词原形”和“be going to 结构”。本单元主要介绍“be going to 结构”。 2.“be going to 结构”的基本句式 (1)肯定句:主语+be going to+动词原形+其他.如: I am going to play computer games next Sunday.下周日我打算玩电脑游戏。 (2)否定句:主语+be not going to+动词原形+其他.如: He isn't going to see a film with us tonight.今晚他不打算和我们一起去看电影。 (3)一般疑问句:Be+主语+going to+动词原形+其他? 肯定回答:Yes,主语+be. 否定回答:No,主语+be+not.如: —Are you going to watch talk shows after dinner?晚饭后你们打算看访谈节目吗? —Yes,we are./No,we aren't.是的,我们打算看。/不,我们不打算看。 (4)特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+be+主语+going to+动词原形+其他?如: How are you going to learn English?你打算怎样学习英语? 3.一般将来时的判断方法 (1)句中有表示将来时间的状语时,用一般将来时。这样的时间状语可归纳如下: ①“tomorrow 一家”。如:tomorrow morning,at five o'clock tomorrow afternoon ②“next 一家”。如:next week,at four next Friday afternoon ③“this 一家”。如:at the end of this month ④表示将来的词汇或日期。如:soon,from now on,in the future,in a few days' time,in a moment, in the year 2020。 (2)有迹象表明或从句意判断出某一动作或状态是在将来发生或存在的,也用将来时。如: The boys are putting their books and pens in their backpacks.I think they are going to walk home. 那些男孩们正在把书和钢笔放进他们的背包里。我想他们将步行回家。
语法精练 Ⅰ.用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。 1.Tom is__going__to__pick(pick) apples on the farm this Sunday. 2.There is__going__to__be(be) a talk on education in our school tomorrow. 3.Are your classmates going to play(play) computer games next Saturday? 4.I am__not__going__to__go(not go) fishing this Sunday.I am__going__to__have(have) a field trip. 5.Every day he does(do) the same thing. 6.Usually my father finishes(finish) his work at a quarter to five. 7.My twin sister is at home now.She is__practicing (practice) the piano. 8.—Did you go out yesterday? —Yes.I went(go) to the movies with my cousin. 9.—Oh,I arrived late for school this morning. —Why?Did you get(get) up late? 10.—Are you free tomorrow? —No.I am__going__to__see(see) my grandma.She is ill in hospital. Ⅱ.根据答语完成问句。 11.Q: What__are__you__going__to__be when you grow up? A:I'm going to be a pilot. 12.Q:How__are__you__going__to do that?

A:I'm going to study in the college. 13.Q:Are__you__going__to__study science? A:No,I'm going to study math. 14.Q:Where__are__you__going__to work? A:I'm not sure yet.Maybe Beijing or Shanghai. 15.Q:What__are__you__going__to__do this year? A:I'm going to take guitar lessons.I really love music. Ⅲ.用 be going to 翻译下列句子。 16.他们明天上午打算去放风筝吗? Are__they__going__to__fly__kites__tomorrow__morning? 17.下周六我们有一场篮球赛。 We__are__going__to__have__a__basketball__game__next__Saturday. 18.明年你打算在哪里工作? Where__are__you__going__to__work__next__year? 19.这个周末我的哥哥不和我去游泳。 My__brother__isn't__going__to__swim__with__me__this__weekend.


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